BIJBELBOEK PREDIKER - Pr -- Structuur -- Taalgebruik -- Commentaar -- bijbeloverzicht -- bijbelverwijzingen -- Pr (Prediker) -

- Bibliografie - Literatuur - Liturgisch gebruik - Overzicht bijbelboeken - Overzicht van de bibliografie van de bijbelboeken - Overzicht van deze website -

- Hebreeuwse tekst : http://www.mechon-mamre.org/p/pt/pt3101.htm .
- Griekse tekst - Septuaginta : - http://www.myriobiblos.gr/bible/ot/chapter.asp?book=27&page=1 -. Griekse tekst - Septuaginta .
- Vulgata : . Vulgata .
- Statenvertaling : http://www.statenvertaling.net/bijbel/pred/1.html . Statenvertaling .
- Willibrordvertaling : . Willibrordvertaling .
- De Nieuwe Vertaling : . De Nieuwe Vertaling .
- De Naardense bijbel : http://naardensebijbel.nl/zoek.php . De Naardense bijbel .
- Bible de Jérusalem : http://www.lexilogos.com/bible_multilingue.htm . Bible de Jérusalem .
- King James Bible : http://quod.lib.umich.edu/cgi/k/kjv/kjv-idx?type=DIV1&byte=2546945 . King James Bible .
- Luther Bibel : . Luther Bibel .

Overzicht : - Pr 1 - Pr 2 - Pr 3 - Pr 4 - Pr 5 - Pr 6 - Pr 7 - Pr 8 - Pr 9 - Pr 10 - Pr 11 - Pr 12 -
Tekstuitleg per pericope :
Overzicht vers per vers : - Pr 1,1 - Pr 1,2 - Pr 1,3 - Pr 1,4 - Pr 1,5 - Pr 1,6 - Pr 1,7 - Pr 1,8 - Pr 1,9 - Pr 1,10 - Pr 1,11 - Pr 1,12 - Pr 1,13 - Pr 1,14 - Pr 1,15 - Pr 1,16 - Pr 1,17 - Pr 1,18 -

Overzicht van Tenach : Tenach : overzicht , Tenach : taalgebruik - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X -Y - Z - , Tenach : commentaar ,
Overzicht van Septuaginta
: Septuaginta : overzicht , Septuaginta : taalgebruik - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X -Y - Z - , Septuaginta : commentaar ,
Overzicht NT
: NT : overzicht , NT : taalgebruik - NT A - NT B - NT C - NT D - NT E - NT F - NT G - NT H - NT I - NT J - NT K - NT L - NT M - NT N - NT O - NT P - NT Q - NT R - NT S - NT T - NT U - NT V - NT W - NT X - NT Y - NT Z - NT : commentaar .


Religie.opzijnbest.nl
ZOEKEN OP DEZE WEBSITE
PicoSearch
  Hulp
Verzorgd door PicoSearch
 
 
http://www.bible-history.com/isbe/            
1. LXX , Griekse tekst N.T.   2. Vulgata   Arabisch : http://wjsn.home.xs4all.nl/arab.htm    4. Statenvertaling   5. Willibrordvertaling   6. Nieuwe Vertaling   7. http://naardensebijbel.nl/zoek.php .
8. Bible de Jérusalem 9. Statenvertaling   10. King James Bible  - King James Bible 11. Luther-Bibel   liturgische lezing  

WEDERKERIGHEID (DIVERSITEIT - VICE VERSA)
websitenamen : http://users.telenet.be/arseen.de.kesel/ en http://www.interlevensbeschouwelijk.be/index.htm
- STARTPAGINA - AGENDA - BIJ DE HAND - NIEUW -  TIJDSCHRIFTEN -
ALFABETISCH OVERZICHT VAN THEMA'S EN WEBSITES :
JAARTAL - A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X -Y - Z
HOOFDTHEMA'S : allochtonen , armoede , bahá'íbezinningsteksten , bijbel , bijbel en koran , boeddhisme , christendom , extreemrechts ( Vlaams Blok ) , fundamentalisme , getallen , globalisering en antiglobalisering ,  hindoeïsme , interlevensbeschouwelijke dialoog , interreligieuze meditatie , islam , jodendom , koran , levensbeschouwing , levensbeschouwing / godsdienst en onderwijs , migratie , racisme , samenleving , sikhisme , spiritualiteit , tewerkstelling van allochtonen , vluchtelingen en asielzoekers , vrijzinnigheid , witte scholen , multiculturele scholen en concentratiescholen , Eigen-zinnige beschouwingen , Het kleine of grote ongenoegen -

Woordenschat

Bibliografie
- http://faculty.gordon.edu/hu/bi/Ted_Hildebrandt/OTeSources/21-Ecclesiastes/Text/Bibliography/Ecclesiastes-Bibliography-4-03.htm . Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 This bibliography on Ecclesiastes is a work in process. Ecclesiastes Bibliography Aalders, G. Ch. Het Boek de Prediker. Commentar op het Oude Testament. Kampen: N. V. Uitgeversmaatschappij J. H. Kok, 1948. Aerts, T. "Two Are Better Than One (Qohelet 4:10)." Point Series 14 (1990): 11-48. Afman, F. "Relationship of Song of Songs and Ecclesiastes to the Life of Solomon." Ph.D. diss., Bob Jones University, 1966. Alderini, G. "Qoheelt 5,7-8: Note linguistiche ed esegetische." Bibbia e oriente 183 (1995): 13- 32. Allendar, D. P. and T. Longman. Bold Purpose: Exchanging Counterfeit Happiness for the Real Meaning of Life. Wheaton: Tyndale House, 1998. Allgeier, A. Das Buch Des Predigers Oder Koheleth. Die Heilige Schrift des Alten Testaments übersetzt und erklärt in Verbindung mit Fachgelehrten 2. Bonn: P. Hanstein, 1925. Alshich, M. The Book of Koheleth: In Pursuit of Perfection. Translated by R. Shahar. Jerusalem: Feldheim Publishers, Ltd., 1992. Amiet, P. "Josef Meier, Der Erste Seelsorger Der Christkatholischen Kirchgemeinde Solothurn." In Christkatholisch: die Christkatholische Kirche der Schweiz: zum 100-Jahr-Jubiläum der Christkatholischen Kirchgemeinde Solothurn, edited by W. Flückiger and C. Jenzer, 145-157. Zurich: Benziger Verlag, 1978. Anat, M. A. "The Lament on the Death of Humanity in the Scroll of Qohelet." Beth Mikra 15 (1970): 375-80 [Hebrew]. Anderson, D. Ecclesiastes: The Mid-Life Crisis. Neptune, NJ: Loizeaux Brothers, 1987. Anderson, G. A Time to Mourn, a Time to Dance: The Expression of Grief and Joy in Israelite Religion. University Park: Pennsivania State University Press 1991. Anderson, P. "Credible Promises: Ecclesiastes 11:3-6." Currents in Theology and Mission 20 (1993): 265-267. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Anderson, W. H. U. Qoheleth and Its Pessimistic Theology: Hermeneutical Struggles in Wisdom Literature. Mellen Biblical Press. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1997. ________. "The Curse of Work in Qoheleth: An Exposé of Genesis 3:17-19 in Ecclesiastes." Evangelical Quarterly 70 (1998): 99-113. ________. "Philosophical Considerations in a Genre Analysis of Qoheleth." Vetus Testamentum 48.3 (1998): 289-300. ________. "The Poetic Inclusio of Qoheleth in Relation to 1,2 and 12,8." Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 12.2 (1998): 203-213. ________. "The Problematics of the Sitz im Leben of Qoheleth." Old Testament Essays 12 (1999): 233-248. ________. "The Semantic Implications of Hvl and R'awt in the Hebrew Bible and for Qoheleth." Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 25.2 (1999): 59-73. ________. "What Is Scepticism and Can It Be Found in the Hebrew Bible." Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 13.2 (1999): 225-257. ________. "Historical Criticism and the Value of Qoheleth's Pessimistic Theology for Postmodern Christianity through a Canonical Approach." Old Testament Essays 13.2 (2000): 143-155. ________. "Ironic Correlations and Scepticism in the Joy Statements of Qoheleth." Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 14.1 (2000): 67-100. ________. "A Note on Ytr for Qoheleth." Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 26.1 (2000): 133-136. ________. "A Critique of the Standard Interpretations of the Joy Statements in Qohelet." Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 27.2 (2001): 57-75. Andrews, S. R. "Ecclesiastes 7:1-19." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 299-301. Angel, C. S. and K. M. Olitzky. "These Are Our Lives and the Length of Our Days: Images and Concerns of Aging Women in Hebrew Literature." Journal of Psychology and Judaism 19 (1995): 3-16. Archer, G. L. "The Linguistic Evidence for the Date of 'Ecclesiastes.'" Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 12 (1969): 167-181. Armstrong, J. F. "Ecclesiastes in Old Testament Theology." Princeton Seminary Bulletin 4.1 (1983): 16-25. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Astour, M. C. "Two Ugaritic Serpent Charms." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 27.1 (1968): 13- 36. Auffret, P. "'Rien du tout de nouveau sous le soleil'. Etude stucturelle de Qoh 1,4-11." Folia Orientalia 26 (1989): 145-166. Aune, D. E. "On the Origins of the 'Council of Javneh' Myth." Journal of Biblical Literature 110.3 (1991): 491-493. Ausejo, S. de. "El Género Literario del Eclesiastés." Estudios Bíblicos 7.4 (1948): 369-406. Auwers, J. "Problèmes d'interprétation de l'épilogue de Qohèlèt." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 267-282. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Azize, J. "Considering the Book of Qohelet Afresh." Ancient Near Eastern Studies 37 (2000): 183-214. ________. "The Genre of Qohelet." DavarLogos 2.2 (2003): 123-138. Backhaus, F. J. Denn Zeit und Zufall trifft sie alle: Zu Komposition Gottesbild im Buch Qohelet. Bonner biblische Beiträge 83. Frankfurt am Main: Anton Hain, 1993. ________. "Qohelet Und Sirach." Biblische Notizen 69 (1993): 32-55. ________. "Der Weisheit letzter Schluss! Qoh 12:9-14 im Kontext von Traditionsgeschichte und beginnender Kanonisierung." Biblische Notizen 72 (1994): 28-59. ________. "Die Pendenskonstruktion im Buch Qohelet," Zeitschrift für Althebräistik 8 (1995) 1- 30. ________. "Qohelet Und Der Sogenannte Tun-Ergehen-Zusammenhang." Biblische Notizen 89 (1997): 30-61. ________. "Widersprüche und Spannungen im Buch Qohelet: zu einem neueren Versuch, Spannungen und Widersprüche literarkritisch zu lösen." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst- Schönberger, 123-154. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. ________. "Kohelet und die 'Diatribe': Hermeneutische und methodologische überlegungen zu einem noch ausstehenden Stilvergleich." Biblische Zeitschrift 42.2 (1998): 248-256. ________. "Kohelet und die Ironie--Vom Umgang mit Widerspruchen durch die Kunst der Ironie." Biblische Notizen 101 (2000): 29-55. Bakon, S. "Koheleth." Jewish Bible Quarterly 26 (1998): 168-176. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Baltzer, K. "Women and War in Qohelet 7:23-8:1a." Harvard Theological Review 80 (1987): 127-132. Bannach, H. "Bemerkungen Zu Prediger 3:1-9." In Glaube und öffentliche Meinung: der Beitrag christlicher Verbände zum politischen Entscheidungsprozess, edited by H. Bannach, 26- 32: Stuttgart: Radius Verlag, 1970. Banzhaf, R. F. "Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Modern Religious Education." Religion in Life 37.3 (1968): 364-381. Barolín, D. "Ecclesiastés 8:1-8: consejos para leer entre líneas." Cuadernos de teología 20 (2001): 7-22. Bartelmus, R. "Haben Oder Sein--Anmerkungen Zur Anthropologie Des Buches Kohelet." Biblische Notizen 53 (1990): 38-67. Bartholomew, C. G. Reading Ecclesiastes: Old Testament Exegesis and Hermeneutical Theory. Analecta Biblica 139. Rome: Editrice Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1998. ________. "Qoheleth in the Canon?! Current Trends in the Interpretation of Ecclesiastes." Themelios 24 (1999): 4-20. Barton, G. A. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Book of Ecclesiastes. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1908. ________. The Book of Ecclesiastes. International Critical Commentary. Edinburgh: Clark, 1908. ________. "The Text and Interpretation of Ecclesiastes 5:19." Journal of Biblical Literature 27.1 (1908): 65-66. Barton, J. Reading the Old Testament: Method in Biblcial Study, Rev. Ed. Louisville: Westminster Knox Press, 1997. Barucq, A. Ecclésiaste: Traduction et commentaire Qohéleth. Paris: Beauchesne, 1968. ________. "Dieu chez les sages d'Israël." In Notion Biblique de Dieu: Le Dieu de la Bible et le Dieu des Philosophes, edited by Joseph Coppens, 169-189. Louvain: Louvain University Press, 1976. ________. "Qoheleth." In Dictionnaire de la Bible Supplément, Vol. 10, edited by H. Cazelles and A. Feuillet, 654-61. Paris: Letouzey and Ané, 1979. Baumgärtel, F. "Die Ochsenstachel und die Nägel in Koh 12:11." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 81.1 (1969): 98. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Baumgarten, M. "On the Song of Songs." Judaism 44 (1995): 36-92. Bea, A. Liber Ecclesiastae Qui Ab Hebraeis Appellatur Qohelet. Scripta Pontificii Instituti Biblici 100. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1950. Beal, T. K. "C(ha)osmopolis: Qohelet's Last Words." In God in the Fray: A Tribute to Walter Brueggemann, edited by T. Linafelt and T. K. Beal, 290-304. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1998. Beauchamp, P. "Entendre Qohelet." Cristus 16 (1969): 339-51. Becker, J. Gottesfurcht im Alten Testament. Analecta biblica 25. Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico, 1965. Beek, M. A. "Prediker En De Balans Van Het Leven." In Een wellustige en valse vrouw?: Over een intrigerende "affaire" in Schrift en uitleg, edited by C. Houtman, 21-30. Kampen, Netherlands: Uitgeverij Kok, 1970. Beentjes, P. C. "Recente visies op Qohelet." Bijdragen: Tidschrift voor Filosophie en Theologie 41 (1980): 436-444. ________. "Recent Publications on the Wisdom of Jesus Ben Sira (Ecclesiasticus)." Bijdragen 43 (1982): 188-198. ________. "'Who Is Like the Wise?': Some Notes on Qohelet 8,1-15." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 303-315. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Belcher, R. P. "Divine Retribution in Ecclesiastes: An Analysis of the Deed-Consequence Relationship with Implications for the Interpretation of the Book." Ph.D. diss., Westminster Theological Seminary, 2000. Bellia, G. and A. Passaro, "Proverbi e Qohelet: Eredita e Prospettive di Ricerca." Theológos 19 (2001): 115-132. _________. "Il libro del Qohelet e il suo contesto storico-anropologico." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 171-216. Milan: Paoline, 2001. _________. "Qohelet, ovvero la factica di conoscere." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 357-390. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Bergant, D. Job, Ecclesiastes. Old Testament Message. Wilmington, Delaware: Michael Glazier, 1982. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Berger, B. L. "Qohelet and the Exigencies of the Absurd." Biblical Interpretation 9.2 (2001): 141-179. Bertram, G. "Hebräischer und griechischer Qohelet: ein Beitrag zur Theologie der hellenistischen Bibel." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 64.1 (1952): 26- 49. Die Sprüche Salomo's / von E. Bertheau. In zweiter Aufl. hrsg. von W. Nowack. Der Prediger Salomo's. Erklärt von F. Hitzig. In zweiter Aufl. hrsg. von W. Nowack. --by Bertheau, Ernst, 1812-1888. Hitzig, Ferdinand, 1807-1875. Nowack, Wilhelm, 1850-1928. Leipzig : Hirzel, 1883 Kurzgefasstes exegetisches Handbuch zum Alten Testament v.7 Bianchi, F. "'Essi non hanno chi li consoli' (Qoh 4:1)." Rivista Biblica 40 (1992): 299-307. ________. "The Language of Qohelet: A Bibliographical Survey." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 105.2 (1993): 210-223. ________. "C'e una teologia della prova in Qohelet? Osservazioni filologiche e bibliche su Qo 3,18." In Initium sapientiae: Scritti in onore de Fanco Festorazzi nei suo 70 compleanno, edited by R. Fabris, 163-78. Rivista Biblica Supplements 36. Bologna: EDB, 2000. ________. "Un fantasma al blanchetto della sapienza?' Qohelet e il libro dei Proverbi a confronto." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 40-68. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Bickell, G. Untersuchung Koheleth Wert: Koheleth's Untersuchung über den Wert des Daseins. Dem internationalen Orientalisten Congresse zu Wien überreicht . Innsbruck: Wagner, 1884. Bickerman, E. J. Four Strange Books of the Bible: Jonah, Daniel, Koheleth, Esther. New York: Schocken Books, 1967. Bishop, E. F. F.. "Pessimist in Palestine (Bc)." Palestine Exploration Quarterly 100 (1968): 33- 41. Bland, R. M. "the Arabic Commentary of Yephet Ben Ali on the Book of Ecclesiastes, Chapters 1-6." Ph.D. diss., University of California, Berkeley, 1966. Blank, S. H. "Ecclesiastes." in Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, Vol. 2, edited by G. A. Buttrick, 7-13. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1962. Blenkinsopp, J. "Ecclesiastes 3:1-15: Another Interpretation." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 66 (1995): 55-64. Blumenthal, E. "The Process in Qohelet (An Overview of the Book)." Beth Mikra 33 (1987/88): 397-401. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Boer, P. A. H. de. "Note on Ecclesiastes 12:12a." In Tribute to Arthur Vööbus: Studies in Early Christian Literature and Its Environment, Primarily in the Syrian East, edited by R. H. Fischer, 85-88: Chicago: Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago, 1977. Bohlen, R. "Kohelet Im Kontext Hellenistischer Kultur." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, 249-273. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. Bolin, T. M. "Rivalry and Resignation: Girard and Qoheleth on the Divine-Human Relationship." Biblica 86.2 (2005): 245-259. Bonaventure. Commentary on Ecclesiastes. Works of St Bonaventure 7. Translated by R. J. Karris and Campion Murray. St. Bonaventure, NY: Franciscan Institute Publications, 2005. Bonora, A. El libro de Qohélet. Guía espiritual del Antiguo Testamento. Barcelona: Herder, 1994. Bons, E. "Zur Gliederung Und KohäRenz Von Koh 1:12-2:11." Biblische Notizen 24 (1984): 73- 93. ________. "šidda w=šiddot: Überlegungen zum Verständnis eines Hapaxlegomenons." Biblische Notizen 36 (1987): 12-16. ________. "Das Buch Kohelet in Jüdischer und Christlicher Interpretation." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, 327-361. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. ________. "Le livre de Qohéleth: Les 'paradigmes' de l'histoire de son interprétation chrétienne." Revue de théologie et de philosophie 131.2 (1999): 199-215. Botterweck, G. J. "An Die Resignierten: Kritische Reflexionen Kohelets an Die Resignierten: Kritische Reflexionen Kohelets." In Zielgruppen: Brennpunkte kirchlichen Lebens, edited by K. Delahaye, 61-75: Frankfurt: Verlag Knecht, 1977. Bozanich, R. "Donne and Ecclesiastes." PMLA 90.2 (1975): 270-276. Bradley, G. G. Lectures on Ecclesiastes. London: Frowde, 1885. Brandscheidt, R. Weltbegeisterung Und Offenbarungsglaube: Literar-, Form- Und Traditionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung Zum Buch Kohelet. Trierer Theologische Studien 64. Trier, Germany: Paulinus, 1999. Branick, V. P. "Wisdom, Pessimism, and 'Mirth': Reflections on the Contribution of Biblical Wisdom Literature to Business Ethics." Journal of Religious Ethics 34.1 (2006): 69-87. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Braun, R. Kohelet Und Die Frühhellenistische Popularphilosophie Beihefte. Zur Zeitschrift Für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 130. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1973 ________. Kohelet Und Die Frühhellenistische Popularphilosophie. Berlin & New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1973. Bream, H. N. "Life without Resurrection: Two Perspectives from Qoheleth." In Light unto My Path: Old Testament studies in honor of Jacob M. Myers, edited by H. N. Bream, Ralph D. Heim and C. A. Moore, 49-65. Gettysburg Theological Studies 4. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1974. Brenner, A. "M Text Authority in Biblical Love Lyrics: The Case of Qoheleth 3:1-9 and Its Textual Relatives." In On Gendering Texts: Female and Male Voices in the Hebrew Bible, edited by A. Brenner and F. van Dijk-Hemmes, 133-63. Biblical Interpretation 1. Leiden: Brill, 1993. Brenz, J. Der Prediger Salomo: Faksimile-Neudruck der ersten Ausgabe Hagenau 1528. Stuttgart: Friedrich Frommann, 1970. Breton, S. "Qoheleth Studies." Biblical Theology Bulletin 3 (1973): 22-50. ________. "Qohelet: Recent Studies." Theology Digest 28 (1980): 147-151. Bridges, C. A Commentary on Ecclesiastes. Carlisle, PA: Banner of Truth, 1961 (1860). Brindle, W. A. "Righteousness and Wickedness in Ecclesiastes 7:15-18." Andrews University Seminary Studies 23.3 (1985): 243-257. Brisson, E. C. "Ecclesiastes 3:1-8." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 292-295. Bronznick, N. M. "Of the Making of Many Books There Is No End," Beth Mikra 25 (1980): 195-201. _______. "asôt separîm harbeh ên qes (Qoh 12:12)." Beth Mikra 25 (1980): 213-218. Brooks, P. N. "A Lily Ungilded: Martin Luther, the Virgin Mary and the Saints." Journal of Religious History 13 (1984): 136-149. Brown, S. G. "The Structure of Ecclesiastes." Evangelical Review of Theology 14 (1990): 195- 208. Brown, W. P. Ecclesiastes. Interpretation: A Bible Commentary for Teaching and Preaching. Louisville, Ky: Westminster/John Knox Press, 2000. ________. "'Whatever Your Hand Finds to Do': Qoheleth's Work Ethic." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 271-284. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Brown, W. P. and J. T. Carroll. "Ecclesiastes." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 235-304. Broyde, M. J. "Defilement of the Hands, Canonization of the Bible, and the Special Status of Esther, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Songs." Judaism 44.1 (1995): 65-79. Bruin, G. S. de "Ecclesiastes 1:1-2:26 According to a Multidisciplinary Method of Reading." M. A. Thesis, University of Pretoria, 1990. Bruns, G. L. "The Hermeneutics of Midrash." In The Book and the Text: The Bible and Literary Theory, edited by R. M. Schwartz, 189-213. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990. Bruns, J. E. "Some Reflections on Coheleth and John." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 25 (1963): 414-416. ________. "Imagery of Eccles 12:6a." Journal of Biblical Literature 84.4 (1965): 428-430. Brzegowy, T. "Krytyka Tradycyjnej Madrosci W Ksiedze Koheleta." Analecta Cracoviensia 25 (1993): 21-42. Budde, K. Der Prediger. Tubingen: Mohr, 1923. Bühlman, A. "The Difficulty of Thinking in Greek and Speaking in Hebrew (Qoheleth 3.18; 4.13-16; 5.8)." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 90 (2000): 101-108. Burger, D. Commentarius in Ecclesiasten: In Usum Juventutis Academicae. M. H. Binger and Filiorum, Amstelodami, 1854. Burkes, S. L. "A Compuation Analysis of the Problem of Death in Qoheleth and Later Period Egyptian Biographies." Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1997. _______. Death in Qoheleth and Egyptian Biographies of the Late Period. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1999. Burkitt, F. C. "Is Ecclesiastes a Translation?" Journal of Theological Studies 23 (1922): 22-28. Burrows, M. "Kuhn and Koheleth." Journal of Biblical Literature 46.1-2 (1927): 90-97. Buss, M. J. "A Projection for Israelite Historiography: With a Comparison between Qohelet and Nagarjuna." In The Land that I Will Show You: Essays on the History and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East in Honor of J. Maxwell Miller, edited by J. A. Dearman and M. P. Graham, 61-68. Journal for the Study of the New Testament: Supplement Series 343. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. Busto Saiz, J. R. "Estructura metrica y estrofica del 'poema sobre la juventud y la vejez': Qohelet 11,7-12,7." Sefarad 43 (1983): 17-25. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 _______. "jyxrvb (Qoh 12,1): Reconsiderado," Sefarad 46 (1986)" 85-87. Butting, K. "Weibsbilder bei Kafka und Kohelet. Eine Auslegung von Prediger 7,23-29." Texte und Kontexte 14 (1991): 17-25. Byargeon, R. W. "The Significance of Ambiguity in Ecclesiastes 2,24-26." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 367-372. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Campbell, A. F. "Women Storytellers in Ancient Israel." Australian Biblical Review 48 (2000): 72-73. Campbell, E. "Ecclesiastes: Mission in a Postmodern/Post-Christian World." Caribbean Journal of Evangelical Theology 7 (2003): 41-56. Campbell, J. L. "The Book of Ecclesiastes and Eighteenth Century Literature." Ph.D. diss., University of Virginia, 1975. Caneday, A. B. "Qoheleth: Enigmatic Pessimist or Godly Sage?" Grace Theological Journal 7.1 (1986): 21-56. Cantalausa, J. de. Lo Libre de Job (Presentacion E Causidas). Qohelet (Revirada Integrala). Rodés, Cultura d'oc, 1983. Carasik, M. "Exegetical Implications of the Masoretic Cantillation Marks in Ecclesiastes." Hebrew Studies 42 (2001): 145-165. ________. "Qohelet's Twists and Turns." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 28.2 (2003): 192-209. ________. "Transcending the Boundary of Death: Ecclesiastes through a Nabokovian Lens." Biblical Interpretation 14.5 (2006): 425-443. Carny, P. "Theodicy in the Book of Qohelet." In Justice and Righteousness in Israel and the Nations: Equality and Freedom in Ancient Israel in Light of Social Justice in Ancient Near East, edited by M. Weinfeld, 71-81. Publications of the Perry Foundation for Biblical Research in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1985. Carrière, J. M. "'Tout Est Vanité': L'un Des Concepts De Qohélet." Estudios bíblicos 55.3 (1997): 297-311. Carson, R. L. "Forever Blowing Bubbles: A Look at Life 'Under the Sun' In the Book of Ecclesiastes." Faith and Mission 19.1 (2001): 86-101. Castellino, G. "Qohelet and His Wisdom." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 30 (1968): 15-28. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Catherwood, F. "The Protestant Work Ethic: Attitude and Application Give It Meaning." Fundamentalist Journal 2.8 (1983): 22-25. Ceresko, A. R. "The Function of Antanaclasis (Ms' 'To Find'/Ms' 'To Reach, Overtake, Grasp') in Hebrew Poetry, Especially in the Book of Qoheleth." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 44 (1982): 551-569. Chabloz, D., J. Poerwowidagdo, F. Faure, and J. S. Pobee. "Towards Viable Theological Education." Ministerial Formation 80 (1998): 5-46. Chamiel, C. "Luck, Destination and Prayer in the Targum of Qohelet." Beth Mikra 39 (1994): 261-268. Chantraine, G. "Érasme Et Saint Basile." Irénikon 52.4 (1979): 451-490. Chen, C. W. "A Study of Ecclesiastes 10:18-19." Taiwan Journal of Theology 11 (1989): 117- 126. Chia, P. P. "Wisdom, Yahwism, Creation: In Quest of Qoheleth's Theological Thought." Jian Dao 3 (1995): 1-32. Choi, J. H. "The Doctrine of the Golden Mean in Qoh 7,15-18: A Universal Human Pursuit." Biblica 83.3 (2002): 358-374. Chopineau, J. "Hevel en hebrew biblique: Contribution a l'etude des rapports entre semantique et exegese de l'Ancien Testament." Ph.D. diss., University of Strasbourg, 1971. ________. "Image De L'homme: Sur Ecclésiaste 1:2." Études théologiques et religieuses 53.3 (1978): 366-370. ________. "L'image De Qohelet Dans L'exégèse Contemporaine." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 59.3-4 (1979): 595-603. ________. "Qohelet's Modernity." Theology Digest 29 (1981): 117-118. Christianson, E. S. "Narrative Strategies in the Book of Ecclesiastes." Ph.D. diss., Unviersity of Sheffield, 1996. _________. "Qohelet and the Existential Legacy of the Holocaust," The Heythrop Journal 38 (1997): 35-50. _________. A Time to Tell: Narrative Strategies in Ecclesiastes. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series 280. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 _________. "Qoheleth and the/His Self among the Deconstructed." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 425-423. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. _________. Ecclesiastes through the Centuries. Blackwell Bible Commentaries. Malden, MA/ Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2007. Christianson, E., and T. McWilliams. "Voltaire's Précis of Ecclesiastes: A Case Study in the Bible's Afterlife." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 29.4 (2005): 455-484. Clemens, D. M. "The Law of Sin and Death: Ecclesiastes and Genesis 1-3." Themelios 19 (1994): 5-8. Clines, D. J. A. "The Wisdom Books." In Creating the Old Testament: The Emergence of the Hebrew Bible Society, edited by S. Bigger, 269-291: Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989. Cochrane, A. C. "Joy to the World: The Message of Ecclesiastes." Christian Century 85 (1968): 1596-1598. Cohen, G. D. "Song of Songs and the Jewish Religious Mentality." In Samuel Friedland Lectures 1960-1966: Essays Brought Together in Honor of (His) 70th Birthday, edited by L. Finkelstein et al., 1-21: New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1966. Cohen, J. M. "Had Noah Lived in Abraham's Generation." Jewish Bible Quarterly 22.2 (1994): 120-23. Cohen, S. "Wife of Kohelet." Judaism 30 (1981): 104. Collins, J. J. Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. Atlanta: John Knox Press, 1980. Cook, F. C. Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. New York: Scribner, Armstrong, 1874. Cook, J. "Aspects of the Relationship between the Septuagint Versions of Kohelet and Proverbs." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 481-492. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Coppens, J. "La Structure De L'ecclesiate." In La Sagesse De L'ancien Testament, edited by M. Gilbert, 288-292. Gembloux: J Duculot, 1979. Corré, A. D. "Reference to Epispasm in Koheleth." Vetus Testamentum 4.4 (1954): 416-418. Cosser, W. "The Meaning of 'Life' (?ayyim) in Proverbs, Job, and Ecclesiastes," Glasgow University Oriental Society Transactions 15 (1955): 48-53. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Cotton, J. A Brief Exposition with Practical Observations upon the Book of Ecclesiastes. London, 1654. Court, J. M. "Right and Left: The Implications for Matthew 25:31-46." New Testament Studies 31 (1985): 223-233. Cox, D. "Sedaqa and Mispat: The Concept of Righteousness in Later Wisdom." Liber annuus 27 (1977): 33-50. Cox, S. The Book of Ecclesiastes: With a New Translation. New York: A C Armstrong, 1887. ________. The Book of Ecclesiastes. The Expositor's Bible. New York: A. C. Armstrong, 1890. Crenshaw, J. L. "Popular Questioning of the Justice of God in Ancient Israel." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 82.3 (1970): 380-395. ________. "The Eternal Gospel (Eccl 3:11)." In Essays in Old Testament Ethics: J Philip Hyatt, in Memoriam, edited by J. L. Crenshaw and J. T. Willis, 23-55. New York: Ktav Pub House, 1974. ________. "In Search of Divine Presence: Some Remarks Preliminary to a Theology of Wisdom." Review & Expositor 74 (1977): 353-369. ________. "The Shadow of Death in Qoheleth." In Israelite Wisdom: Theological and Literary Essays in Honor of Samuel Terrien, edited by J. G. Gammie, 205-216. Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press, 1978. ________. "The Birth of Skepticism in Ancient Israel." In Divine Helmsman: Studies on God's Control of Human Events, Presented to Lou H Silberman, edited by J. L. Crenshaw and S. Sandmel, 1-19. New York: Ktav Publishing House, 1980. ________. "Wisdom and Authority: Sapiential Rhetoric and Its Warrants." In Congress Volume: Vienna, 1980, edited by J. A. Emerton, 10-29. Leiden: E J Brill, 1981. ________. "Qoheleth in Current Research." Hebrew Annual Review 7 (1983): 41-56. ________. "The Wisdom Literature." In Hebrew Bible and Its Modern Interpreters, edited by D. A. Knight and G. M. Tucker, 369-407. Philadelphia, Pa: Fortress Press, 1985. ________. "The Expression mî yôdea' in the Hebrew Bible." Vetus Testamentum 36.3 (1986): 274-288. ________. "Youth and Old Age in Qoheleth." Hebrew Annual Review 10 (1986): 1-13. ________. Ecclesiastes: A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1987. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Ecclesiastes: Odd Book In." Bible Review 6 (1990): 28-33. ________. "Ecclesiastes, Book of." In Anchor Bible Dictionary Vo. II, edited by D. N. Freedman, 275. New York: Doubleday, 1992. ________. "Prohibitions in Proverbs and Qoheleth." In Priests, Prophets and Scribes: Essays on the Formation and Heritage of Second Temple Judaism in Honour of Joseph Blenkinsopp, edited by R. P. Carroll et al., 115-124. Journal for the study of the Old Testament. Supplement series 149. Sheffield, Eng: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1992. ________. Urgent Advice and Probing Questions: Collected Writings on Old Testament Wisdom. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1995. ________. "Qoheleth's Understanding of Intellectual Inquiry." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 204-224. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Crüsemann, F. "Die Unveränderbare Welt: Überlegungen Zur "Krisis Der Wesheit" Beim Prediger (Kohelet)." In Der Gott der kleinen Leute: sozialgeschichtliche Bibelauslegungen, Bd 2: Altes Testament, edited by W. Schottroff and W. Stegemann, 80-104. München: Christian Kaiser Verlag, 1979. ________. "Hiob Und Kohelet." In Werden und Wirken des Alten Testaments : Festschrift für Claus Westermann zum 70 Geburtstag, edited by R. Albertz, 373-393. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1980. ________. "The Unchangeable World: The 'Crisis of Wisdom' In Koheleth." In God of the Lowly: Socio-Historical Interpretations of the Bible, edited by W. Schottroff and W. Stegemann, 57-77. Translated by M. J. O'Connell. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1984. Curkpatrick, S. "A Disciple for Our Time: A Conversation." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 285- 291. Curtis, E. M. "Learning Truth from the Sages." Christian Education Journal 2.1 (2005): 113- 128. Custer, J. S. "Qohelet and the Canon: The Dissenting Voice in Dialogue." Josephinum Journal of Theology 1 (1994): 15-24. Dahood, M. J. "Canaanite-Phoenician Influence in Qoheleth." Biblica 33 (1952): 30-52. ________. "Canaanite-Phoenician Influence in Qoheleth." Biblica 33 (1952): 191-221. ________. "Language of Qoheleth." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 14.3 (1952): 227-232. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Qoheleth and Recent Discoveries." Biblica 39.3 (1958): 302-318. ________. "Qoheleth and Northwest Semitic Philology." Biblica 43.3 (1962): 349-365. ________. "Canaanite Words in Qoheleth 10:20." Biblica 46.2 (1965): 210-212. ________. "Phoenician Background of Qoheleth." Biblica 47.2 (1966): 264-282. ________. "The Phoenician Contribution to Biblical Wisdom Literature." In The Role of the Phoeniciains in the Interaction of Mediterranean Civilizations, edited by W. A. Ward 123-48. Beirut, 1968. ________. "Scriptio Defectiva in Qoheleth 4:10a." Biblica 49.2 (1968): 243-243. ________. "The Independent Personal Pronoun in the Oblique Case in Hebrew." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 32.1 (1970): 86-90. ________. "Three Parallel Pairs in Ecclesiastes 10:18: A Reply to Professor Gordis." Jewish Quarterly Review 62 (1971): 84-87. ________. "Northwest Semitic Philology and Three Biblical Texts," Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 2 (1972): 17-22. D'Alario, V. "Liberté De Dieu Ou Destin: Un Autre Dilemme Dans L'interprétation Du Qohélet." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 457-463. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "La Réflexion Sur Le Sens De La Vie En Sg 1-6: Une Réponse Aux Questions De Job Et De Qohélet." In Treasures of Wisdom: Studies in Ben Sira and the Book of Wisdom, Festschrift M Gilbert, N. Calduch-Benages and J. Vermeylen, 313-329. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 143. Louvain: Leuven University Press Peeters, 1999. ________. "L' assurdia del male nella teodicea del Qohelet." In Initium sapientiae: Suritti in onore de Fanco Festorazzi nei suo 70 compleanno, edited by R. Fabris, 179-197. Rivista biblica Suppliments 36. Bologna: EDB, 2000. ________. "Struttura e teologia del libro del Qohelet." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 256-275. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Danker, F. W. "The Pessimism of Ecclesiastes." Concordia Theological Monthly 22 (1951): 9- 32. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Davidson, J. "Personal Bereavement and Collective Mourning: Aspects of Approaches to Death in Modern Jewish Literature with Special Reference to the Works of I. B. Singer and E. Wiesel." In Remembering for the Future, Vol 2: The Impact of the Holocaust on the Contemporary World, edited by Y. Bauer, A. L. Eckhardt and F. H. Littell, 1573-1579. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1989. Davidson, R. Ecclesiastes and the Song of Solomon. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1986. ________. "The Exposition of the Old Testament: Koheleth as a Test Case." Expository Times 115.1 (2003): 1-7. Davies, W. W. "Authorship of Ecclesiastes." Methodist Review 66 (1884): 493-502. Davila, J. R. "Qoheleth and Northern Hebrew." Maarav 5-6 (1990): 69-87. Davis, B. C. "Ecclesiastes 12:1-8--Death, an Impetus for Life." Bibliotheca sacra 148 (1991): 298-318. Davis, E. F. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Songs. Westminster Bible Companion. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000. Dekker, E. "Ecclesiastes: A Wisdom Writing Imbued with Quotations? A Critical Discussion of the Quotation hypothesis with Reference to Ecclesiastes 9-11." M. A. Thesis, University of South Africa, 1996. Delitzsch, F. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. Translated by M. G. Easton. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1975 (1872). Dell, K. J. "Ecclesiastes as Wisdom: Consulting Early Interpreters." Vetus Testamentum 44.3 (1994): 301-329. ________. "The Use of Animal Imagery in the Psalms and Wisdom Literature of Ancient Israel." Scottish Journal of Theology 53.3 (2000): 275-291. Dell'Aversano, C. "Mspt in Qoh 11:9c." In Biblische und Judaistische Studien: Festschrift für Paolo Sacchi, edited by A. Vivian, 121-134. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1990. Delsman, W. C. "Zur Sprache Des Buches Koheleth." In Von Kanaan Bis Kerala, 341-365. Alter Orient und Altes Testament. Bd. 211. Kevelaer, Germany: Butzon und Bercker, 1982. ________. "Die Inkongruenz Im Buch Qoheleth." In Studies in Hebrew and Aramaic Syntax: Presented to Professor J Hoftijzer on the Occasion of His 65th Birthday, edited by K. Jongeling, H. L. Murre-Van den Berg and L. Van Rompay, 27-37: Leiden: E J Brill, 1991. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Denio, F. B. "The Book of Ecclesiastes." The Old and New Testament Student 14.2 (1892): 98- 104. ________. "The Course of Thought in Ecclesiastes." The Biblical World 4.5 (1894): 326-330. Dennis, T. J. "The Relationship between Gregory of Nyssa's Attack on Slavery in His Fourth Homily on Ecclesiastes and His Treatise De Hominis Opificio." In Studia Patristica, Vol 17, Pt 3, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 1065-1072. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press, 1982. Dettloff, W. "Weltverachtung Und Heil: Eine Interpretation Der Allgemeinen Einleitung Bonaventuras Zu Seinem Ecclesiastes kommentar." In Sanctus Bonaventura 1274-1974, Vol. 4, edited by J. G. Bougerol, 21-55. Rome: Collegio S Bonaventura Grottaferrata, 1974. Dhorme, P. "L'Ecclesiaste ou Job." Revue biblique 32 (1923): 5-27. Diebner, B. J. and R. Kasser. Hamburger Papyrus Bil 1: Die Alttestamentlichen Texte Des Papyrus Bilinguis 1 Der Staats- Und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg: Canticum Canticorum (Coptice); Lamentationes Ieremiae (Coptice); Ecclesiastes (Graece Et Coptice). Cahiers D'orientalisme 18. Geneva: Cramer, 1989. Dieterlé, C. "A Propos De La Traduction De L'ecclésiaste Et De La Bible En Français Courant." Études théologiques et religieuses 59.3 (1984): 377-381. Díez Merino, L. Targum De Qohelet: Edición Príncipe Del Ms Villa-Amil N 5 De Alfonso De Zamora. Madrid: CSIC, 1987. Dillinger, G. E. "The Positive Teachings in the Book of Ecclesiastes." Thesis (D. St.), School of Theology, Temple University, 1954. Dirksen, P. B. and M. J. Mulder. The Peshitta: Its Early Text and History: Papers Read at the Peshitta Symposium, Leiden, Aug 1985. Monographs of the Peshitta Institute, Leiden 4. Leiden: E J Brill, 1988. Dobe, T. S. "Qoheleth and the Lao Tzu: An Experiment with Wisdom." Ching Feng 40.2 (1997): 129-148. Dohmen, C. "Der Weisheit Letzter Schluss: Anmerkungen Zur Übersetzung Und Bedeutung Von Koh 12:9-14." Biblische Notizen 63 (1992): 12-18. Donald, T. "Semantic Field of 'Folly' In Proverbs, Job, Psalms, and Ecclesiastes." Vetus Testamentum 13.3 (1963): 285-292. Drewes, B. F. "Reading the Bible in Context: An Indonesian and a Mexican Commentary on Ecclesiastes: Contextual Interpretations." Exchange 34.2 (2005): 120-133. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Driver, G. R. "Problems and Solutions." Vetus Testamentum 4.3 (1954): 225-245. Drobner, H. R. "Verwendung Und Bedeutung Des Buches Ecclesiastes Im Werk Gregors Von Nyssa Ausserhalb Der Homiliae in Ecclesiasten." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 361-383. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Droz, E. "L'ecclésiaste De Théodore De Bèze Et Ses Éditions Allemandes, 1599 Et 1605." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 47.4 (1967): 338-346. Drugas, S. "Literatura sapientiala a Orientului antic si cartile didactic-poetice ale Aibliei." Revista Teologica 87.4 (2005): 167-191. Duesberg, H. and I. Fransen. Les scribes inspires. 2d ed. Maredsous: Éditions de Maredsous, 1966. Du Plessis, S. J. "Aspects of Morphological Peculiarities of the Language of Qoheleth." In De fructu oris sui: Essays in Honour of Adrianus van Selms, edited by I. H. Eybers, 164-180. Leiden: Brill, 1971. Dulin, R. Z. "'How Sweet Is the Light': Qoheleth's Age-Centered Teachings." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 260-270. Eaton, M. A. Ecclesiastes. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries. Downers Grove: Inter-Varsity Press, 1983. Ehlich, K. "Hbl--Metaphern Der Nichtigkeit." In "Jedes Ding hat seine Zeit . . .": Studien zur israelitischen und altorientalischen Weisheit: Diethelm Michel zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by E. Otto et al., 49-64. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996. Eichhorn, D. M. Musings of the Old Professor: The Meaning of Koheleth. A New Translation and Commentary on the Book of Ecclesiastes. New York: Jonathan David Publishers, 1963. Eissfeldt, O. "Alles Ding Währt Seine Zeit." In Archäologie und Altes Testament: festschrift für Kurt Galling zum 8 Januar 1970, edited by A. Kuschke and E. Kutsch, 69-74. Tübingen: JCB Mohr (Paul Siebeck), 1970. Ellermeier, F. "Das Verbum Chwsh in Koh 2:25: Eine Exegetische, Auslegungsgeschichtliche Und Semasiologische Untersuchung." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 75.2 (1963): 197-217. ________. "Die Entmachtung Der Weisheit Im Denken Qohelets: Zu Text Und Auslegung Von Qoh 6:7-9." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 60.1 (1963): 1-20. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Randbemerkung Zur Kunst Des Zitierens: Welches Buch Der Bibel Nannte Heinrich Heine Das Hohelied Der Skepsis?" Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 77.1 (1965): 93-94. ________. Qohelet, Pt 1, 2 V. Herzberg am Harz, Germany: Erwin Jungfer, 1967. Ellul, J. The Reason for Being: A Meditation on Ecclesiastes. Translated by J. M. Hanks. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1990. Enns, P. "Kl-H'adm and the Evaluation of Qohelet's Wisdom in Qoh 12:13 or 'The "A is so, and What's More, B" Theology of Ecclesiastes.'" In The Idea of Biblical Interpretation: Essays in Honor of James L. Kugel, edited by H. Najman and J. H. Newman, 125-137. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2004. Erdman, W. J. Ecclesiastes. Chicago: The Bible Insitute Colportage Association. Erdrich, L. "The Preacher." In Out of the Garden: Women Writers on the Bible, edited by C. Büchmann and C. Spiegel, 234-237. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1994. Estes, H. B. "God is in Heaven: An Investigation of the Concept of God in the Book of Ecclesiastes." Th.D. diss., New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, 1982. Ettlinger, G. H. "The Form and Method of the Commentary on Ecclesiastes by Gregory of Agrigentum." In Studia Patristica 18, Vol 1: Historica - Theologica - Gnostica - Biblica, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 317-320. Kalamazoo, Mich: Cistercian Publications, 1985. Euringer, S. Der Masorahtext des Koheleth kritisch untersucht. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrich's 1890. Eybers, I. H. "The 'Canonization' Of Song of Solomon: Ecclesiastes and Esther." In Aspects of the Exegetical Process, edited by W. C. Van Wyk, 33-52. Hercules, South Africa: N H W Press, 1981. Farmer, K. A. Who Knows What Is Good: A Commentary on the Books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. International Theological Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1991. ________. "The Wisdom Books (Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes)." In The Hebrew Bible Today: An Introduction to Critical Issues, edited by S. L. McKenzie and M. P. Graham, 129-151. Louisville, Ky: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1998. Faust, D. E. "A Prophet Attacks Profit." Journal of the National Association of Biblical Instructors 3.1 (1935): 29-31. Ferguson, E. "Some Aspects of Gregory of Nyssa's Interpretation of Scripture Exemplified in His Homilies on Ecclesiastes." In Studia Patristica, 27: Cappadocian Fathers, Greek Authors After Nicaea, Augustine, Donatism, and Pelagianism, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 29-33. Louvain: Peeters, 1993. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Some Aspects of Gregory of Nyssa's Moral Theology in the Homilies on Ecclesiastes." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 319-336. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Fernández Truyols, A. "Es Eclesiastes Una Versión?" Biblica 3.1 (1922): 45-50. Fernández, V. M. "El Valor De La Vida Presente En Qohelet." Revista Bíblica 52.2 (1990): 99- 113. Fernandez, E. S. "Bible Study IV--Wisdom from the Underside--Ecclesiastes 1:12-18." Ministerial Formation 80 (1998): 15-16. Festorazzi, F. "Il Qohelet: Un Sapiente D'Israele Alla Ricerca Di Dio." In Quaerere Deum: Atti della XXV Settimana Biblica, edited by N. M. Loss, L. Pacomio and E. Cortese, 173-190. Brescia: Paideia Editrice, 1980. ________. "In Margine a Un Libro Su Qohelet." Rivista biblica 36 (1988): 67-72. Fields, W. W. "Ecclesiastes: Qoheleth's Quest for the Meaning of Life," Th. M. Thesis, Grace Theological Seminary, 1975. Fisch, H. "Qohelet: A Hebrew Ironist." In Poetry with a Purpose: Biblical Poetics and Interpretation, 158-178. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988. Fischer, A. A. "Beobachtungen Zur Komposition Von Kohelet 1,3-3,15." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 103.1 (1991): 72-86. ________. Skepsis Oder Furcht Gottes: Studien Zur Komposition Und Theologie Des Biches Kohelet. Beiheft Zur Zeitschrift Für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 247. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. ________. "Kohelet Und Die Frühe Apokalyptik: Eine Auslegung Von Koh 3,16-21." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 339-356. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Fischer, S. "Egyptian Personal Piety and Israel's Wisdom Literature." Acta Theologica 21.1 (2001): 1-23. ________. "Qohelet and 'Heretic' Harpers' Songs." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 98 (2002): 105-121. Fletcher, D. K. "Ecclesiastes 5:1-7." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 296-298. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Flory, S. "Qoheleth (or The Preacher): Spring." Anglican Theological Review 74.4 (1992): 497- 497. Fontaine, C. R. "Wisdom Traditions in the Hebrew Bible." Dialogue 33.1 (2000): 101-117. Fonzo, L. di. "Ecclesiastes 3, 21." Verbum domini 19 (1939): 257-68, 289-99; 20 (1940): 421-37. ________. Ecclesiaste. La Sacre Bibbia. Torino-Roma, 1967. Forbush, W. B. "Ecclesiastes and the Rubaiyat." The Biblical World 26.5 (1905): 355-363. Foresti, F. "'amal' in Koheleth: 'Toil' or 'Profit.'" Ephemerides Carmeliticae 31 (1980): 415- 430. Forman, C. C. "Echoes of Ancient Pessimistic Thought in Ecclesiastes." Ph. D. Disseration, Harvard University, 1957. ________. "Pessimism of Ecclesiastes." Journal of Semitic Studies 3.4 (1958): 336-343. ________. "Koheleth's Use of Genesis." Journal of Semitic Studies 5 (1960): 256-263.
- Forti, T. "The Fly and the Dog: Observations on Ideational Polarity in the Book of Qoheleth." In Seeking Out the Wisdom of the Ancients: Essays Offered to Honor Michael V Fox on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday, edited by R. L Troxel, K. G. Friebel and D. R. Magary, 235-255. Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 2005.
- Fox, M. V. "Frame-Narrative and Composition in the Book of Qohelet." Hebrew Union College Annual 48 (1977): 83-106. ________. "Frame-Narrative and Composition in the Book of Qohelet." Hebrew Union College Annual 48 (1977): 83-106. ________. "The Identification of Quotations in Biblical Literature," Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 92 (1980): 416-431. ________. "The Meaning of Hebel for Qohelet." Journal of Biblical Literature 105.3 (1986): 409-427. ________. "Qohelet's Epistemology." Hebrew Union College Annual 58 (1987): 137-155. ________. "Aging and Death in Qohelet 12." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 42 (1988): 55-77. ________. "Qohelet 1:4." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 40 (1988): 109-109. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. Qohelet and His Contradictions. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series 71. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1989. ________. "Wisdom in Qoheleth." In In Search of Wisdom: Essays in Memory of John G Gammie, edited by L. G. Perdue, B. B. Scott and W. J. Wiseman, 115-131. Louisville, Ky: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1993. ________. "Words for Wisdom." Zeitschrift für Althebräistik 6 (1993): 149-169. ________. "What Happens in Qohelet 4:13-16." Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 1 (1997). ________. "Words for folly." Zeitschrift für Althebräistik 10 (1997): 1-12. ________. "The Inner Structure of Qohelet's Thought." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 225-238. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. _________. "Time in Qohelet's 'Catalogue of Times.'" Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 24.1 (1998): 25-39.
- Fox M. V. , A Time to Tear Down and a Time to Build Up : A Rereading of Ecclesiastes. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999. ________. Ecclesiastes. Jewish Publication Society Torah Commentary. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2004.
- Fox, M. V., and B. Porten. "Unsought Discoveries: Qohelet 7:23-8:1a." Hebrew Studies 19 (1978): 26-38. Fredericks, D. C. Qoheleth's Language: Re-Evaluating Its Nature and Date. New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1988. ________. "Chiasm and Parallel Structure in Qoheleth 5:9-6:9." Journal of Biblical Literature 108 (1989): 17-35. ________. "Life's Storms and Structural Unity in Qoheleth 11:1-12:8." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 52 (1991): 95-114. ________. Coping with Tanscience: Ecclesiastes on the Brevity of Life. Biblical Seminar 18. Sheffield, Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1993. ________. "A North Israelite Dialect in the Hebrew Bible? Questions of Methodology." Hebrew Studies 37 (1996): 7-20. Freedman, D. N. "Caution: Biblical Critic at Work." Bible Review 15.1 (1999): 42-43. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Frendo, A. "The 'Broken Construct Chain' In Qoh 10:10b." Biblica 62.4 (1981): 544-545. Friedländer, M. "Design and Contents of Ecclesiastes." The Jewish Quarterly Review 1.1 (1888): 29-47. ________. "The Age and Authorship of Ecclesiastes." The Jewish Quarterly Review 1.4 (1889): 359-375. Frydrych, T. Living under the Sun: Examination of Proverbs and Qoheleth. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 90. Leiden: Brill, 2001. Fuerst, W. J. The Books of Ruth, Esther, Ecclesiastes, the Song of Songs, Lamentations: The Five Scrolls. Cambridge Bible Commentaries on the Old Testament. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975. Gail, N. P. "The Use of Qoheleth in Bonhoeffer's Ethics." Word and World 18 (1998): 207-213. Galling, K. "Koheleth-Studien." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 50 (1932): 276-299. _________. "Stand und Aufgabe der Koheleth-Forschung," Theologische Revue 9 (1934): 355- 373. _________. "The Scepter of Wisdom: A Note on the Gold Sheath of Zendjirli and Ecclesiastes 12: 11." Bulitin of the Americal Schools of Oriental Research 119 (1950): 15-18. _________."Das Rässel Der Zeit: Im Urteil Kohelets (Koh 3:1-15)." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 58.1 (1961): 1-15. _________. "Der Prediger." In Die funf Megilloth. 2d ed., edited by M. Haller and K. Galling, 143-147. Hanbuch zum Alten Testament 18. Tubingen: Mohr/Siebeck, 1969. Gammie, J. G. "Stoicism and Anti-Stoicism in Qoheleth." Hebrew Annual Review 9 (1985): 169- 187. Gangel, K. O. Thus Spake Qoheleth: A Study Guide Based on an Exposition of Ecclesiastes. Camp Hill, PA: Christian Publications, Inc., 1983. García Bachmann, M. "A Study of Qoheleth (Ecclesiastes) 9:1-12." International Review of Mission 91.362 (2002): 382-394. Garrett, D. A. "Qoheleth on the Use and Abuse of Political Power." Trinity Journal 8.2 (1987): 159-177. ________. "Ecclesiastes 7:25-29 and the Feminist Hermeneutic." Criswell Theological Review 2 (1988): 309-321. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs. New American Commentary 14. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1993. Giese, C. P. "The Genre of Ecclesiastes as viewed by its Septuagint Translator and the Early Church Fathers." Ph.D. diss., Hebrew Union College, 1999. Geissinger, J. A. "The Worst-Understood Book." Methodist Review 91 (1909): 734-741. Gelio, R. "Osservazioni critiche sul masla di Qoh. 7,5-7." Laternaum 54 (1988): 1-15. Gentry, P. J. "Hexaplaric Materials in Ecclesiastes and the Role of the Syro-Hexapla." Aramaic Studies 1.1 (2003): 5-28. ________. "Propaedeutic to a Lexicon of the Three: The Priority of a New Critical Edition of Hexaplaric Fragments." Aramaic Studies 2.2 (2004): 145-174. ________. "The Relationship of Aquila and Theodotion to the Old Greek of Ecclesiastes in the Marginal Notes of the Syro-Hexapla." Aramaic Studies 2.1 (2004): 63-84. Genung, J. F. Ecclesiastes and Omar Khayyam. New York: Thomas Y Crowell, 1901. ________. Ecclesiastes: Words of Koheleth, Son of David, King in Jerusalem. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Co., 1904. George, M. K. "Death as the Beginning of Life in the Book of Ecclesiastes." In Strange Fire: Reading the Bible After the Holocaust, edited by T. Linafelt, 280-293. New York: New York University Press, 2000. Gericke, J. W. "Injustice under the Sun? A New Perspective on Possible Allusions to Ancient Near Eastern Solar Mythology in Qohelet." Old Testament Essays 16.2 (2003): 244-258. Germann, H. "Jesus Ben Siras Dankgebet Und Die Hodajoth." Theologische Zeitschrift 19 (1963): 81-87. Gese, H. "The Crisis of Wisdom in Kohelth." In Theodicy in the Old Testament, edited by J. L. Crenshaw, 141-53. Issues in Religion and Theology 4. Philadelphia/London: Fortress/SPCK, 1983. ________. "Zur Komposition Des Koheletbuches." In Geschichte, Tradition, Reflexion: Festschrift für Martin Hengel zum 70 Geburtstag, edited by P. Schäfer, 69-98. Tubingen: J C B Mohr, 1996. Ghiberti, G. "La Bibbia, Libro Sacro, E La Sua Interpretazione: Simposio Per Il XL Dell'abi (Milano 2-4 Giugno 1988)." Ricerche storico bibliche 2 (1990): 1-138. Gianto, A. "The Theme of Enjoyment in Qohelet." Biblica 73.4 (1992): 528-532. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Human Destiny in Emar and Qohelet." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 473-479. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Gilbert, M. "La Priere Des Sages D'Israel." In Experience De La Priere Dans Les Grandes Religions, edited by H. Limet and J. Ries, 227-243. Louvain-La-Neuve: Centre d'Histoire des Religions, 1980. ________. "La Description De La Vieillesse En Qohelet 12:1-7 Est-Elle Allegorique." In Congress Volume: Vienna, 1980, edited by J. A. Emerton, 96-105. Leiden: E J Brill, 1981. ________. "Qohelet Et Ben Sira." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 161-179. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Il concetto di tempo ( ?? ) in Qohelet e Ben Sira." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 69-89. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. ________. Les Cinq Livres Des Sages: Proverbes, Job, Qohélet, Ben Sira, Sagesse. Lire La Bible. Paris: Cerf, 2003. ________. "A l'Ecole de la Sagesse: la Pedagogie des Sages dans l'Ancien Israel." Gregorianum 85.1 (2004): 20-42. Gilmore, G. W. "The Book of Ecclesiastes, in a New Arrangement and Translation." The Biblical World 22.4 (1903): 268-283. Ginsburg, C. D. The Song of Songs and Coheleth. New York: KTAV, 1970. _________. Coheleth, Commonly Called the Book of Ecclesiastes London: Longman, Green, Longman and Roberts, 1861. Reprint: New York: Ktav, 1970. Ginsberg, H. L. Studies in Koheleth. Texts and Studies of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America 17. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1950. _________. "Supplementary Studies in Kohelet." Proceedings of the American Academy of Jewish Research 21 (1952): 35-62. ________. "The Structure and Contents of the Book of Koheleth." In Wisdom in Israel and in the Ancient Near East, edited by M. Noth and D. W. Thomas, 138-149. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 3. Leiden: Brill, 1955. ________. "Koheleth 12:4 in the Light of Ugaritic." Syria 33 (1956): 99-101. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. Koheleth. Tel-Aviv/Jerusalem: M. Newman, 1961. _________. "The Quintessence of Koheleth." In Biblical and Other Studies, edited by Alexander Altmann, 47-59. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963. _________. "Ecclesiastes." In Encyclopedia Judaica, Edited by G. Wigoder, et al., vol. 6, 350- 355. Jerusalem: Keter, 1971. Glasser, E. Le Procès Du Bonheur Par Qohelet Lectio Divina 61. Paris: Cerf, 1970. Glasson, T. F. "'You Never Know': The Message of Ecclesiastes 11:1-6." Evangelical Quarterly 55 (1983): 43-48. Glender, S. "The Book of Ecclesiastes: A Collection Containing 'Diverse' Sayings or a Unified and Consistent World-View." Beth Mikra 26 (1981): 378-387. Glinert, L. H. "The Preposition in Biblical and Modern Hebrew: Towards a Redefinition." Hebrew Studies 23 (1982): 115-125. Godin, A. "Opera Omnia Desiderii Erasmi Roterodami, Tom V,5, Ecclesiastes (Libri III-IV)." Nederlands archief voor kerkgeschiedenis 76.1 (1996): 76-84. Goldberg, L. Ecclesiastes. Bible Study Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1983. Goldin, J. "The End of Ecclesiastes: Literal Exegesis and Its Transformation." In Biblical Motifs: Origins and Transformations, edited by A. Altmann, 135-158. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1966. Gómez-Aranda, M. "Ecl 12,7 Interpretado por Abraham Ibn 'Ezra." Sefarad 52 (1992): 13-21. ________. "Ibn Ezra and Rashbam on Qohelet: Two Perspectives in Contrast." Hebrew Studies 46 (2005): 235-258. ________. "The Meaning of Qohelet According to Ibn Ezra's Scientific Explanations." Aleph: Historical Studies in Science and Judaism 6 (2006): 339-370. Good, E. M. "The Unfilled Sea: Style and Meaning in Ecclesiastes 1:2-11 the Unfilled Sea: Style and Meaning in Ecclesiastes 1:2-11." In Israelite Wisdom: Theological and Literary Essays in Honor of Samuel Terrien, edited by J. G. Gammie, 59-73. Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press, 1978. ________. "Qoheleth: The Limits of Wisdom." In Irony in the Old Testament. 2d ed, 168-195. Sheffield: Almond Press, 1981. Goodspeed, G. S. "Studies in the Wisdom Books of the International Lessons. III The Book of Ecclesiastes." The Biblical World 1.6 (1893): 453-460. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Gordis, R. "Ecclesiastes 1:17: Its Text and Interpretation." Journal of Biblical Literature 56.4 (1937): 323-330. ________. "Quotations in Wisdom Literature." Jewish Quarterly Review 30.2 (1939): 123-147. ________. The Wisdom of Ecclesiastes. New York: Behrman House, 1945. ________. "The Original Language of Qohelet." Jewish Quarterly Review 37 (1946-47): 67-84. ________. "Quotations as a Literary Usage in Biblical, Oriental, and Rabbinic Literature." Hebrew Union College Annual 22 (1949): 157-219. ________. "The Translation Theory of Qoheleth Re-Examined." Jewish Quarterly Review 40.1 (1949): 103-116. ________. Wisdom of Koheleth: A New Translation with a Commentary and an Introductory Essay. New York: East and West Library, 1950. ________. Koheleth: The Man and His World, A Study of Ecclesiastes. Texts and Studies of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America 19. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1951. ________. "Koheleth: Hebrew or Aramaic?" Journal of Biblical Literature 71.2 (1952): 93-109. ________. Koheleth, the Man and His World 2nd Ed. Texts and Studies of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America 19. New York: Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1955. ________. "Was Koheleth a Phoenician." Journal of Biblical Literature 74.2 (1955): 103-114. ________. "Qoheleth and Qumran--a Study of Style." Biblica 41.4 (1960): 395-410. Gordon, C. H. "North Israelite Influence on Postexilic Hebrew." Israel Exploration Journal 5.2 (1955): 85-88. Görg, M. "Zu Einer Bekannten Paronomasie in Koh 2,8." Biblische Notizen 90 (1997): 5-7. Gorssen, L. "La Cohérence De La Conception De Dieu Dans L'ecclésiaste." Ephemerides theologicae Lovanienses 46 (1970): 282-324. Goss, B. "Lessons from Ecclesiastes." Reformation in Australia 50 (1986): 4-9. Graetz, H. Kohelet oder der Salomonische Prediger: Übersetzt und kritisch erläutert. Leipzig: C. F. Winter'sche Verlagshandlung, 1871. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Gray, G. B. "Job, Ecclesiastes, and a New Babylonian Literary Fragment." Expository Times 31 (1920): 440-443. Grech, P. "Il Dramma Del Povero in Qohelet." In Evangelizare Pauperibus, edited by B. M. Antonini, 311-315. Associazione Biblica Italiana: atti della XXIV Settimana Biblica. Brescia: Paideia Editrice, 1978. Green, W. H. "Scope and Plan of the Book of Ecclesiastes." Biblical Reparatory and Princeton Review 29 (1857): 419-440. Greenspoon, Leonard J. "The Book of Ecclesiastes." Bible Review 17.2 (2001): 11. Greenstein, E. L. "Sages with a Sense of Humor: The Babylonian Dialogue between the Master and His Servant and the Book of Qohelet." Beit Mikra Quarterly 44.157 (1999): 97-106. Griffiths, W. "Ecclesiastes: An Appreciation." Expository Times 16 (1904): 44-48. Grigsby, B. H. "'If Any Man Thirsts': Observations on the Rabbinic Background of John 7:37- 39." Biblica 67.1 (1986): 101-108. Gros Louis, K. R. "Isaiah: Chapters 40-55; the Book of Job; Ecclesiastes." In Literary Interpretations of Biblical Narratives, edited by K. R. Gros Louis, J. S. Ackerman and T. S. Warshaw, 208-282. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1974. Grossberg, D. "Form and Content and Their Correspondence." Hebrew Studies 41 (2000): 47-52. Groupe de, B. "Lectures Critiques." Foi et vie 79 (1980): 31-87. Günther, J. "Der Zusammenhang in Koh 3,11-15." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 51 (1933): 79-80. Gutierrez, J. L. R. "?Que provecho tiene Adan de todo su trabajo con que se fatiga bajo el sol? (Ecl 1,2)." Revista de interpretación bíblica latino-americana 30 (1998): 35-42. Gutridge, C. A. "The Sacrifice of Fools and the Wisdom of Silence: Qoheleth, Job and the Presence of God." In Biblical Hebrews, Biblical Texts: Essays in Memory of Michael P Weitzman, edited by A. Rapoport-Albert and G. Greenberg, 83-99. London/New York: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. Guzman-Martínez, M. "Readings on the Book of Ecclesiastes." In Quaker Bible Reader, edited by P. Buckley and S. W. Angell, 116-136. Richmond, Ind: Earlham School of Religion, 2006. Haag, E. "Seele Und Unsterblichkeit in Biblischer Sicht." In Seele: Problembegriff Christlicher Eschatologie, edited by W. Breuning, 31-93. Freiburg: Herder, 1986. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Haden, N. K. "Qoheleth and the Problem of Alienation." Christian Scholar's Review 17.1 (1987): 52-66. Halkin, L. E. "Erasme Et Le Célibat Sacerdotal." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 57.4 (1977): 497-511. Hall, S. G. "Adjustments to the Text of Gregory." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 1-11. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Halperin, D. J. "The Book of Remedies, the Canonization of the Solomonic Writings, and the Riddle of Pseudo-Eusebius." Jewish Quarterly Review 72.4 (1982): 269-292. Hamilton, J. The Royal Preacher: Lectures on Ecclesiastes. New York: Robert Carter, 1851. Hari, A. Cantique Des Cantiques Et Qohélet. Strasbourg: Éditions du Signe, 2001. Harris, R. C. "Ecclesiastical Wisdom and Nickel Mountain." Twentieth Century Literature 26.4 (1980): 424-431. Harris, R. Laird. "Ecclesiastes: Solomon, the Divine Philosopher." Presbyterion 7.1-2 (1981): 115-119. Harrison, C. R. "Qoheleth in Social-historical Perspective." Ph.D. diss., Duke University, 1991. ________. "Qoheleth Among the Sociologists." Biblical Interpretation 5 (1997): 160-180. Hart, D. Bentley. "The 'Whole Humanity': Gregory of Nyssa's Critique of Slavery in Light of His Eschatology." Scottish Journal of Theology 54.1 (2001): 51-69. Harvey, M. "Ecclesia Anglicana, Cui Ecclesiastes Noster Christus Vos Prefecit: The Power of the Crown in the English Church During the Great Schism." In Religion and National Identity, edited by S. Mews, 229-241. Studies in Church History 18. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1982. Hasel, G. F. "Review of Ellermeier's Qohelet." Bibliotheca orientalis 26 (1969): 392-394. Haupt, P. The Book of Ecclesiastes: A New Metrical Translation, with an Introduction and Explanatory Notes. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1905. ________. Koheleth oder Weltschmerz in der Bibel. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1905. ________. "Assyr. lâm iççûri çabâri, 'Before the Birds Cheep.'" The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures 32.2 (1916): 143-144. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Hayman, A. P. "Qohelet and the Book of Creation." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 50 (1991): 93-111. ________. "Qohelet, the Rabbis and the Wisdom Text from the Cairo Geniza." In Understanding Poets and Prophets: Essays in Honour of George Wishart Anderson, edited by A. G. Auld, 149-165. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplements Series 152. Sheffield, Eng: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1993. Hays, J. D. "Verb Forms in the Expository Discourse Sections of Ecclesiastes." Journal of Translation and Textlinguistics 7.1 (1995): 9-18. Healey, J. F. "Syriac NSR, Ugaritic NSR, Hebrew NSR II, Akkadian NSR II." Vetus Testamentum 26.4 (1976): 429-437. ________. "Ancient Agriculture and the Old Testament (with Special Reference to Isaiah 28:23- 29)." In Prophets, Worship and Theodicy, edited by A. S. van der Woude, 108-119. Oudtestamentische Studiën 23. Leiden, Netherlands: E J Brill, 1984. Healey, J. F., P. S. Knobel, and C. Mangan, eds. and trans. The Targums of Job, Proverbs, and Qohelet. Aramaic Bible 15. Collegeville, Minn: Liturgical Press, 1991. Heard, R. C. "The Dao of Qoheleth: An Intertextual Reading of the Daode Jing and the Book of Ecclesiastes." Jian Dao 5 (1996): 65-93. Heine, R. E. "Exegesis and Theology in Gregory of Nyssa's Fifth Homily on Ecclesiastes." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 197-222. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Helsel, P. B. "Warren Zevon's The Wind and Ecclesiastes: Searching for Meaning at the Threshold of Death." Journal of Religion and Health 46.2 (2007): 205-218. Hengel, M. Judaism and Hellenism. Vol. 1. Philadelphia: Fortress; 1974. Hengstenberg, E. W. "Ecclesiastes." In A Cyclopaedia of Biblical Literature, Vol. I, edited by J. Kitto, 593-597. Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1845. ________. Commentary on Ecclesiastes, with Other Treatises. Translated by D. W. Simon. New York: Sheldon, 1860. ________. A Commentary on Ecclesiastes. Evansville, IN: Sovereign Grace Publishers, 1960 (1869). Henry, S. "Qoheleth as Counsellor: Israelite Wisdom as a Paradigm for Counselling." Arasaradi Journal of Theological Reflection 8 (1995): 61-69. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Herman, W. "Zu Kohelet 3,14." WZLGS 3 (1953/54): 293-295. Hertzberg, H. W. Der Prediger. Kommentar zum Alten Testament 17.4. Gutersloh: Mohn, 1963. _________. "Palastinische Bezuge im Buche Kohelet." Zeitschrift des deutschen Palastina- Vereins 73 (1957): 113-124. Hessler, B. "Koheleth: The Veiled God." The Bridge 1 (1955): 191-206. _________. "Der verhüllte Gott. Der heilstheologische Sinn des Buches Ecclesiastes (Kohelet)." Theologie und Glaube 43 (1953): 347-359. Hetu, J. L. "Deux modeles non invasifs de l'accompagnement pastoral applicables aux personnes agees." Pastoral Sciences 24.2 (2005): 29-42. Hieke, T. "Wie Hast Du's Mit Der Religion: Sprechhandlungen Und Wirkintentionen in Kohelet 4,17-5,6." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 319-337. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Hill, R. C. "St. John Chrysostom on the Sages." Greek Orthodox Theological Review 49.1 (2004): 89-104. Hirshman, M. "Midrash Qohelet Rabbah: chapters 1-4 Commentary." Ph.D. diss., Jewish Theological Seminary of America, 1983. ________. "The Greek Fathers and the Aggada on Ecclesiastes: Formats of Exegesis in Late Antiquity." Hebrew Union College Annual 59 (1988): 137-165. ________. "Qohelet's Reception and Interpretation in Early Rabbinic Literature." In Studies in Ancient Midrash, edited by J. L. Kugel, 87-99. Cambridge: Harvard University Center for Jewish Studies, 2001. ________. "Rabbinic views of Qohelet." Jewish Quarterly Review 91.3-4 (2001): 477-478. Hitzig, F. Der Prediger Salomo's. Kurzgefasstes exegetisches Handbuch zum Alten Testament 7. Leipzig, 1847. Hohnjec, N. "Tri biblijske filozofije zivota: Zivot kao ispraznost (Prop), trpljenje (Job) i ljubav (Pj)." Obnovljeni Zivot 57.3 (2002): 333-351. Holland, F. T. "Heart of Darkness: A Study of Qohelet 3:1-15." Proceedings of the Irish Biblical Association 17 (1994): 81-101. Holmes, J. "Biblical Scholarship New and Old: Learning from the Past." Nova et Vetera 1.2 (2003): 303-320. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Holm-Nielsen, S. "'Han Har Ock Lagt Evigheten I Människornas Hjärtan.'" Svensk exegetisk arsbok (1941): 107-119. ________. "On the Interpretation of Qoheleth in Early Christianity." Vetus Testamentum 24.2 (1974): 168-177. ________. "The Book of Ecclesiastes and the Interpretation of It in Jewish and Christian Theology." In Annual of the Swedish Theological Institute, X, edited by Bengt Knutsson, 38-96. Leiden: Brill, 1976. ________. "Die Verteidigung Für Die Gerechtigkeit Gottes." Scandinavian Journal of the Old Testament 2 (1987): 69-89. Holzclaw, B. The Septuagint Book of Ecclesiastes. Ph.D. diss., Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion Cincinnati, 1971. Homan, M. M. "Beer Production by Throwing Bread into Water: A New Interpretation of Qoh. XI 1-2." Vetus Testamentum 52.2 (2002): 275-278. Horton, E. H. "Koheleth's Concept of Opposites as Compared to Samples of Greek Philosophy and near and Far Eastern Wisdom Classics." Numen 19 (1972): 1-21. Hossfeld, F.-L. "Die Theologische Relevanz Des Buches Kohelet." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst- Schönberger, 377-389. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. Hubbard, D. A. Beyond Futility. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1976. _________. Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. Communicator's Commentary. Dallas: Word Books, 1991. Hultgren, A. J. "Wisdom." Word & World 7.3 (1987): 239-297. Hurvitz, A. "Qoheleth's Language: Re-evaluating Its Nature and Date." Hebrew Studies 31 (1990): 144-154. Ingram, D. Ambiguity in Ecclesiastes. Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 431. New York: T & T Clark International, 2006. Iovino, P. "'Omnia vanitas'. Da Qohelet a Paolo." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 337-356. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Irwin, W. A. "Ecclesiastes 3,18." American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literature 56 (1939): 298-99. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 _________. "A Rejoinder." American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literature 58 (1941): 142. _________. "Ecclesiastes 4:13-16." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 3 (1944): 255-257. _________. "Ecclesiastes 8:2-9." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 4 (1945): 130-131. Isaksson, B. Studies in the Language of Qoheleth: With Special Emphasis on the Verbal System. Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis. Studi Semitica Upsaliensia 10. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell, 1987. Jacob, M. "Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Facing Futility in and after Vietnam." Currents in Theology and Mission 10 (1983): 291-298. Jagersma, H. "Prediker in Het Kader Van Zijn Tijd." In Van Doem en Hoop: Theologen Tegen Doemdenken, edited by J Doelman, 51-55: Voorburg, Netherlands. Protestantse Stichting, 1981. James, K. W. "Ecclesiastes: Precursor of Existentialists." The Bible Today 22 (1984): 85-90. Japhet, S., and R. B. Salters, trans. The Commentary of R Samuel Ben Meir (Rashbam) on Qohelth. Jerusalem: Magnes/Leiden: Brill, 1985. Jarick, J. "The Time for Planting: Ecclesiastes 3:2c." Lutheran Theological Journal 16 (1982): 142-143. ________. "Gregory Thaumaturgos' Paraphrase of Ecclesiastes." Abr-Nahrain 27 (1989): 37-57. ________. "An 'Allegory of Age' As Apocalypse (Ecclesiastes 12:1-7)." Colloquium 22 (1990): 19-27. ________. "Aquila's Koheleth." Textus 15 (1990): 131-139. ________. Gregor Thaumaturgos' Paraphrase of Ecclesiastes. Society of Biblical Literature Septuagint and Cognate Studies 29. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990. ________. A Comprehensive Bilingual Concordance of the Hebrew and Greek Texts of Ecclesiastes. Society of Biblical Literature Septuagint and Cognate Studies 36. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1993. ________. "Theodore of Mopsuestia and the Interpretation of Ecclesiastes." In The Bible in Human Society: Essays in Honour of John Rogerson, edited by D. J. A. Clines, P. R Davies and M. D. Carroll R, 306-316. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series 300. Sheffield, Eng: Sheffield Academic Press, 1995. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Theodore of Mopsuestia and the Text of Ecclesiastes." In VIII Congress of the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies: Paris 1992, edited by L. J. Greenspoon and O. Munnich, 367-385. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1995. ________. "The Hebrew Book of Changes: Reflections on HAKKOL HEBEL and LAKKOL ZEMAN in Ecclesiastes." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 90 (2000): 79-99. Jarman, M. Questions for Ecclesiastes. Ashland, Ore: Story Line Press, 1998. Jasper, F. N. "Ecclesiastes: A Note for Our Time." Interpretation 21 (1967): 259-273. Jastrow, M. A Gentle Cynic: Being a Translation of the Book of Koheleth, Commonly Known as Ecclesiastes, Stripped of Later Additions: Also Its Origin, Growth, and Interpretation. Philadelphia: J B Lippincott, 1919. Jenks, A. W. "Theological Presuppositions of Israel's Wisdom Literature." Horizons in Biblical Theology 7.1 (1985): 43-75. Jenni, E. "Das Wort 'olam Im Alten Testament." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 64.3 (1952): 197-248. Jerome. "Commentarius in Ecclesiasten." In Patrologiae Latine Vol. 23, edited by J.-P. Migne, 1063-1173. Paris: Migne, 1863. Johnson, L. D. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. Layman's Bible Book Commentary 9. Nashville: Broadman Press, 1982. Johnson, R. E. "The Rhetorical Question as a Literary Device in Ecclesiastes." Ph.D. diss., The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1986. Johnson, R. F. "A Form Critical Analysis of the Sayings in the Book of Ecclesiastes." Ph D. diss., Emory University, 1973. Johnston, R. K. "Confessions of a Workaholic: A Reappraisal of Qoheleth." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 38 (1976): 14-28. ________. "The 'Wisdom' Of John Updike." Duke Divinity School Review 43 (1978): 112-127. ________. "Play and Work: A Biblical Model." NICM Journal 7 (1982): 77-85. ________. The Christian at Play. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1983. ________. Useless Beauty: Ecclesiastes through the Lens of Contemporary Film. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2004. Johnstone, W. "'The Preacher' As Scientist." Scottish Journal of Theology 20 (1967): 210-221. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Jones, B. W. "From Gilgamesh to Qoheleth." In Bible in the Light of Cuneiform Literature, edited by W. W. Hallo, B. W. Jones and G. R. Mattingly, 349-379. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen, 1990. Jones, D. E. "Temple in the Promised Land: Old Testament Parallel in Cooper's the Pioneers." American Literature 57 (1985): 68-78. Jones, E. Proverbs and Ecclesiastes. New York: Macmillan, 1961. Jones, S. C. "Qohelet's Courtly Wisdom: Ecclesiastes 8:1-9." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 68.2 (2006): 211-228. Jong, S. de. "A Book on Labour: The Structuring Principles and the Main Theme of the Book of Qohelet." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 54 (1992): 107-116. ________. "Qohelet and the Ambitious Spirit of the Ptolemaic Period." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 61 (1994): 85-96. ________. "God in the Book of Qohelet: A Reappraisal of Qohelet's Place in Old Testament Theology." Vetus Testamentum 47.2 (1997): 154-167. Joüon, P. "Sur Le Nom De Qoheleth." Biblica 2.1 (1921): 53-54. ________. "Notes Philologiques Sur Le Texte Hébreu D'ecclésiaste 1, 5; 2, 3; 2, 15; 3, 15; 4, 12; 5, 2; 5, 3; 6, 2; 6, 3; 6, 4; 7, 6-7; 7, 11; 7, 12; 8, 13; 8, 16-17; 9, 10; 9, 13; 9, 17; 12, 13- 14." Biblica 11.4 (1930): 419-425. Kabasele Lumbala, F., and N. Grey. "Ecclesiastes 3:1-8: An African Perspective." In Return to Babel: Global Perspectives on the Bible, edited by J. R. Levison and P. Pope-Levison, 81-85. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999. Kaiser, O. "Die Sinnkrise Bei Kohelet." In Rechtfertigung, Realismus, Universalismus in Biblischer Sicht : Festschrift für Adolf Köberle zum 80 Geburstag, edited by G. Müller, 3-21. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, 1978. ________. "Gottesgewissheit Und Weltbewusstsein in Der Frühhellenistischen Jüdischen Weisheit." In Glaube und Toleranz: Das Theologische Erbe der Aufklärung, edited by T. Rendtorff, 76-88. Gütersloh, Germany: Gütersloher Verlagshaus Gerd Mohn, 1982. ________. "Schicksal, Leid Und Gott: Ein Gespräch Mit Dem Kohelet, Prediger Salomo." In Altes Testament und Christliche Verkündigung: Festschrift für Antonius H J Gunneweg zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by M. Oeming and A. Graupner, 30-51. Stuttgart: W Kohlhammer, 1987. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Determination Und Freiheit Beim Kohelet/Prediger Salomo Und in Der Früen Stoa." Neue Zeitschrift für systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie 31.3 (1989): 251- 270. ________. "Beiträge Zur Kohelet-Forschung: Eine Nachlese." Theologische Rundschau 60.3 (1995): 1-31, 233-253. ________. "Die Botschaft Des Buches Kohelet." Ephemerides theologicae Lovanienses 71.1 (1995): 48-70. ________. "Qoheleth." In Wisdom in Ancient Israel: Essays in Honour of J. A. Emerton, edited by J. Day, R. P. Gordon and H. G. M. Williamson, 83-93. Translated by S. Weeks. Cambridge, Eng: Cambridge University Press, 1995. ________. "Von Der Schönheit Des Menschen Als Gabe Gottes." In Verbindungslinien: Festschrift für Werner H. Schmidt zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by A. Graupner et al., 153- 163. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener, 2000. Kaiser, W. C., Jr. Ecclesiastes: Total Life. Chicago: Moody Press, 1979. ________. "Integrating Wisdom Theology into Old Testament Theology: Ecclesiastes 3:10-15." In A Tribute to Gleason Archer: Essays on the Old Testament, edited by W. C. Kaiser Jr and R. F. Youngblood, 197-209. Chicago, Ill: Moody Press, 1986. Kallas, E. "Ecclesiastes: Traditum et Fides Evangelica. The Ecclesiastes Commentaries of Martin Luther, Philip Melanchthon, and Johannes Brenz Consdiered within the History of Interpretation." Ph.D. diss., Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, 1979. Kamano, N. "Character and Cosmology: Rhetoric of Qoh 1,3-3,9." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 419-424. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Cosmology and Character: Qoheleth's Pedagogy from a rhetorical-critical Perspective." Ph.D. diss., Union Theological Seminary, 2000. ________. Cosmology and Character: Qoheleth's Pedagogy from a Rhetorical-Critical Perspective. Beiheft Zur Zeitschrift für Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 312. New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2002. Kamenetzky, A. S. "Die P'sita zu Koheleth." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 24 (1904): 181-239. _________. "Die Ratselname Koheleth." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 34 (1914): 225-228. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 _________. "Die ursprunglich beabsichtigte Aussprache der Pseudonyms QHLT." Orientalistische Literaturzeitung (1921): 11-15. Kaufmann, M. "Was Koheleth a Sceptic?" The Expositor 9 (1899): 389-400. Kedar-Kopfstein, B. "Divergent Modes of Translation in Two Versions of Ecclesiastes." In Proceedings of the 5th World Congress of Jewish Studies, V 4, edited by A. Shinan, 199- 222. Jerusalem: World Union of Jewish Studies, 1973. Keddie, G. Looking for the Good Life: The Search for Fulfillment in The Light of Ecclesiastes. Phillipsburg, NJ: Presbyterian and Reformed, 1991. Kees, R. "Die Oratio Catechetica - Ein Zugang Zum Gesamtwerk Gregors Von Nyssa." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 385-404. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Kellermann, U. "Überwindung Des Todesgeschicks in Der Alttestamentlichen Frömmigkeit Vor Und Neben Dem Auferstehungsglauben." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 73.3 (1976): 259-282. Kern, U. "...daß ein Mensch fröhlich sei in seiner Arbeit (Prediger 3,22): Theologische Überlegungen zur Arbeit." Theolgishe Literaturzeitung 119.3 (1994): 210-222. Kidner, D. A Time to Mourn and a Time to Dance. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1976. ________. The Wisdom of Proverbs, Job, and Ecclesiastes. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 1985. ________. Wisdom to Live by: An Introduction to the Old Testament's Wisdom Books of Proverbs, Job and Ecclesiastes. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 1985. Kinghorn, J. "Biblical Perspectives on Cosmic Eschatology." Scriptura 66 (1998): 169-308. Klaaren, M. D. "Realism and Hope." In Spinning a Sacred Yarn: Women Speak from the Pulpit, edited by A. Greenawalt Abernethy, C. Carlson and P. A. Carque, 123-126. New York, NY: The Pilgrim Press, 1982. Klaus, N. "Zaqen, Ziqnah W-'Arikot Yamim B-Miqr'a." Beth Mikra Quarterly 164 (2000): 41- 61. Klein, C. Kohelet Und Die Wiesheit Israels: Eine Formgeschichtliche Studie. Beiträge Zur Wissenschaft Vom Alten Und Neuen Testament 132. Berlin: W Kohlhammer, 1994. Klein, R W. "How Are They to Hear." Currents in Theology and Mission 20 (1993): 245-267. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Essays in Honor of Wesley J Fuerst." Currents in Theology and Mission 26 (1999): 82-135. Klein-Braslavy, S. "The Alexandrian Prologue Paradigm in Gersonides' Writings." Jewish Quarterly Review 95.2 (2005): 257-289. Kleinert, P. "Sind im Buche Koheleth ausserhebraische Einflusse anzuerkennen?" Theolgische Studien und Kritiken 56 (1883): 761-782. Kleinhans, R. G. "Erasmus' Ecclesiastes and the Church of England." Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 39 (1970): 307-314. ________. "Ecclesiastes Sive De Ratione Concionandi." In Essays on the Works of Erasmus, edited by Richard L. DeMolen, 253-266. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1978. Kleinig, V. P. "Providence and Worship - the Aaronic Blessing: Numbers 6:22-27." Lutheran Theological Journal 19 (1985): 120-124. Kline, M. M. "Is Qoheleth Unorthodox? A Review Article." Kerux 13 (1998): 16-39. Klopfenstein, M. A. "Die Skepsis Des Qohelet." Theologische Zeitschrift 28 (1972): 97-109. ________. "Kohelet Und Die Freude Am Dasein." Theologische Zeitschrift 47.2 (1991): 97-107. Klostermann, E. De Libri Coheleth Versione Alexandrina. Kiel: Schmidt & Klaunig, 1892. Knobel, P. S. "Targum Qoheleth: A Linguistic and Exegetical Inquiry," Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1976. Knopf, C. S. "The Optimism of Koheleth." Journal of Biblical Literature 49.2 (1930): 195-199. Kobusch, T. "Zeit Und Grenze: Zur Kritik Des Gregor Von Nyssa an Der Einseitigkeit Der Naturphilosophie." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 299-317. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Koenen, K. "Zu Den Epilogen Des Buches Qohelet." Biblische Notizen.72 (1994): 24-27. Konrad, W. "Homiletische Reflexion Und Predigt Zu Koh 11,9-12,8: Predigt: Dreierkonferenz Für Zwei." In Steht Nicht Geschrieben?: Studien zur Bibel und ihrer Wirkungsgeschichte: Festschrift für Georg Schmuttermayr, edited by J. Frühwald-König, F. R. Prostmeier and R. Zwick, 441-455. Regensburg: Verlag Friedrich Pustet, 2001. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Koosed, J. L., and Robert Paul Seesengood. "Constructions and Collusions: The Making and Unmaking of Identity in Qoheleth and Hebrews." In Hebrews: Contemporary Methods-- New Insights, edited by G. Gelardini, 265-280. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2005. Koosed, J. L. (Per)mutations of Qoheleth: Reading the Body in the Book. Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 429. New York: T&T Clark, 2006. Koprek, I. "Filozofijsko razmisljanje o Knijizi propovjednika." Obnovljeni Zivot 57.4 (2002): 421-427. Kosman, A. "Ha'yad' Ha-Musatot Veha'regel' Ha-'Oleh: 'Al Ha-Qorban Ha-'Isi Ha-'Otenti Ve'ra'iat Pane 'Elohim' Ba-Sefur 'Aggadah 'Eres-Yisra'eli Qadum Veba-Sefur Hasidi Me'uhar." Kabbalah 10 (2004): 227-248. Kottsieper, I. "Die Bedeutung Der Wz 'Sb Und Skn in Koh 10,9: Ein Beitrag Zum Hebr Lexikon." Ugarit-Forschungen 18 (1986): 213-222. ________. "Alttestamentliche Weisheit: Proverbia Und Kohelet I." Theologische Rundschau 67.1 (2002): 1-34. ________. "Alttestamentliche Weisheit: Proverbia Und Kohelet II." Theologische Rundschau 67.2 (2002): 201-237. Kraus, M. A. "Christian, Jews, and Pagans in Dialogue: Jerome on Ecclesiastes 12:1-7." Hebrew Union College Annual (1970): 183-231. Kravitz, L. S., and K. M. Olitzky. Kohelet: A Modern Commentary on Ecclesiastes. New York: UAHC Press, 2003. Kroeber, R., ed. Der Prediger. Hebräisch Und Deutsch. Schriften Und Quellen Der Alten Welt 13. Berlin: Akademie, 1963. Kroeber, C. S. "'Der Prediger': Ein Werk der altjudischen Weisheitsliterature." Altertum 11 (1965): 195-209. Krüger, T. "'Frau Weisheit' In Koh 7:26." Biblica 73.3 (1992): 394-403. ________. "Qoh 2:24-26 Und Die Frage Nach Dem 'Guten' Im Qohelet-Buch." Biblische Notizen 72 (1994): 70-84. ________. "Dekonstruktion Und Rekonstruktion Prophetischer Eschatologie Im Qohelet-Buch." In "Jedes Ding hat seine Zeit . . .": Studien zur israelitischen und altorientalischen Weisheit: Diethelm Michel zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by E. Otto et al., 107-129. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________." Das Gute und die Güter: Erwägungen zur Bedeutung von tôb und tôbâ im Qoheletbuch." Theologische Zeitschrift 53 (1997): 53-63. ________. "Die Rezeption Der Tora Im Buch Kohelet." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, 303-325. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. ________. "'Wertvoller Als Weisheit Und Ehre Ist Wenig Torheit' (Kohelet 10,1)." Biblische Notizen 89 (1997): 62-75. ________. "Le Livre De Qohéleth Dans Le Contexte De La Littérature Juive Des IIIe et IIe Siècles Avant Jésus-Christ." Translated by S. Rose and M. Rose. Revue de théologie et de philosophie 131.2 (1999): 135-162. ________. Kohelet. Biblischer Kommentar Altes Testament 19. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2000. ________. "Alles nichts? Zur Theologie des Buches Qohelet." Theologische Zeitschrift 57 (2001): 184-195. ________. Qoheleth: A Commentary. Translated by O. C. Dean, Jr. Continental Commentary. Minneapolis: Fortress, 2004. ________. "Leben Und Tod Nach Kohelet Und Paulus." In Leben Trotz Tod, edited by M. Ebner, and E. Zenger, 195-216. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2005. Kruger, H. A. J. "Old Age Frailty Versus Cosmic Deterioration: A Few Remarks on the Interpretation of Qohelet 11,7-12,8." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 399-411. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Kruse-Blinkenberg, L. "Pesitta Som Eksegese-Historisk Vidne Belyst Ud Fra Prädikeren 1, 12- 18." Dansk teologisk tidsskrift 31.4 (1968): 259-287. Kselman, J. S. "Semantic-Sonant Chiasmus in Biblical Poetry." Biblica 58.2 (1977): 219-223. Kubo, S. "I Corinthians 7:16: Optimistic or Pessimistic?" New Testament Studies 24 (1978): 539-544. Kugel, J. "Ecclesiastes." In Harper's Bible Dictionary, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier, 236-37. San Francisco: Hapercollins, 1985. ________. "Qohelet and Money." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 51 (1989): 32-49. ________. "Ecclesiastes 12: For Everyone a Season." In The Great Poems of the Bible: A Reader's Companion with New Translations, 307-323. New York: The Free Press, 1999. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Kuhn, G. Erklärung Des Buches Koheleth. Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 43. Giessen: A. Töpelmann, 1926. Kuhns, E. "Death and the Afterlife in Qoheleth." Proceedings of the Central States Society of Biblical Literature and the American Schools of Oriental Research 4 (2001): 103-120. Kutschera, F. "Kohelet: Leben Im Angesicht Des Todes." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, 363-376. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. Laato, A. "Predikaren Och Salomo." Svensk exegetisk arsbok 53 (1988): 14-25. Labate, A. "L'esegesi Di Evagrio Al Libro Dell'ecclesiaste." In Studi in Onore Di Anthos Ardizzoni, Vol 1, edited by E. Livrea and G. A. Privitera, 483-490. Filologia e critica 25. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo e Bizzarri, 1978. ________. "Sulla Catena All'ecclesiaste Di Policronio." In Studia patristica, 18, Part 2: Critica, Classica, Ascetica, Liturgica, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 21-35. Kalamazoo, Mich: Cistercian, 1989. Labuschagne, C. J. "Enkele Moderne Hulpmiddelen Bij De Bestudering Van De Bijbel." Nederlands theologisch tijdschrift 39 (1985): 327-331. Lacy, P. de. "Thematic and Structural Affinities: The Wanderer and Ecclesiastes." Neophil 82 (1998): 125-137. Lambert, W. L. Babylonian Wisdom Literature. Oxford: Clarendon, 1960. _________. "Some New Babylonian Wisdom Literature." In Wisdom in Ancient Israel: Essays in Honour of J. A. Emerton, edited by J. Day, R. P. Gordon and H. G. M. Williamson, 30- 42. Cambridge, Eng: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Lamorte, A. Le Livre de Qoheleth: Étude critique et philosophique de l'Ecclésiaste. Paris: Libraire Fischbacher, 1932. Lamparter, H. Das Buch der Weisheit: Prediger und Spruche. Botschaft des Alten Testaments 16. Stuttgart: Calwer Verlag, 1959. Lane, D. J. "'Lilies That Fester': The Peshitta Text of Qoheleth (Peshitta Institute Communication 15)." Vetus Testamentum 29.4 (1979): 481-490. Lang, B. "Ist der Mensch hilflos? Das biblische Buch Kohelet, neu und kritisch gelesen." Theologische Quartalschrift 159.2 (1979): 109-124. ________. Ist Der Mensch Hilflos: Zum Buch Kohelet. Zürich: Benziger, 1979. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Lange, A. Weisheit und Torheit bei Kohelet und in Seiner Umwelt. Frankfurt am Main/New York: Peter Lang, 1991. ________."In Diskussion Mit Dem Tempel: Zur Auseinandersetzung Zwischen Kohelet Und Weisheitlichen Kreisen Am Jerusalemer Tempel." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 113-159. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Eschatological Wisdom in the Book of Qohelet and the Dead Sea Scrolls." In The Dead Sea Scrolls: Fifty Years After Their Discovery: Proceedings of the Jerusalem Congress, July 20-25, 1997, edited by L. H. Schiffman, 817-825. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, in collaboration with The Shrine of the Book, Israel Museum, 2000. Lauha, A. "Die Krise des religiosen Glaubens bei Kohelet." In Wisdom in Israel and in the Ancient Near East, edited by M. Noth and D. W. Thomas, 183-191. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 3. Leiden: Brill, 1955. ________. Kohelet. Biblischer Kommentar Altes Testament Band XIX. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 1978 ________. "Kohelets Verhältnis Zur Geschichte." In Die Botschaft und die Boten : Festschrift für Hans Walter Wolff zum 70 Geburtstag, edited by J. Jeremias and L. Perlitt, 393-401. Neukirchen-Vluyn, Germany: Neukirchener Verlag, 1981. ________. "Omni Vanitas: Die Bedeutung von hbl bei Kohelet." In Glaube und Gerechtigkeit: In Memoriam Rafael Gyllenberg, edited by J. Kiilunen, V. Riekkinen and H. Räisänen, 19-25. SFEG 38. Helsinki: Suomen Eksegeettisen Seura, 1983. Laurent, Françoise. Les Biens Pour Rien En Qohéleth 5,9-6,6, Ou La Traversée D'un Contraste. Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 323. Berlin/New York, Walter de Gruyter, 2002. ________. "L'homme Est-Il Supérieur à La Bête? Le Doute De Qohéleth Qo 3,16-21." Recherches de science religieuse 91.1 (2003): 11-43. ________. "Le livre de Qoheleth ou la retenue de l'ecriture." Revue des Sciences Religieuses 79.1 (2005): 5-22. Lavatori, Renzo, and Luciano Sole. Qohelet: L'uomo Dal Cuore Libero. Lettura Pastorale. Sez, Bibbia E Spiritualità Della Bibbia 2. Bologna: Dehoniane, 1997. Lavoie, Jean-Jacques. "À quoi sert-il de perdre sa vie à la gagner? Le repos dans le Qohelet." Science et Esprit 44 (1992): 331-347. ________. La Pensée Du Qohélet: Études Exégétique Et Intertextuelle. Héritage Et Projet 49. Montreal: Fides, 1992. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Bonheur Et Finitude Humaine: Étude De Qo 9,7-10." Science et Esprit 45 (1993): 313-324. ________. " Étude de l'expression bêt 'ôlamô dans Qo 12,5 à la lumière des textes du Proche- Orient ancien." In "Où demeures-tu?" (Jn 1,38) : la maison depuis le monde biblique: en hommage au professeur Guy Couturier à l'occasion de ses soixante-cinq ans, edited by J. C. Petit, A. Charron and A. Myre, 213-226: Montreal: Fides, 1994. ________. "De l'inconvénient d'être né: étude de Qohélet 4,1-3." Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 24.3 (1995): 297-308. ________. Qohélet: Une Critique Moderne De La Bible. Parole D'actualité 2. Montreal: Médiaspaul, 1995. ________. "Temps Et Finitude Humaine: Étude De Qohélet IX 11-12." Vetus Testamentum 46.4 (1996): 439-447. ________. "Critique Cultuelle Et Doute Existentiel: Étude De Qo 4,17-5,6." Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 26.2 (1997): 147-167. ________. "La philosophie comme réflexion sur la mort: Etude de Qohélet 7,1-4 ." Laval Theologique et Philosophique 54.1 (1998): 91-107. ________. "Étude de quelques mots obscurs du Qohélet à la lumière de l'histoire de l'exégèse et des manuscrits judéo-persans de la Bibliothèque nationale de France." Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 29.2 (2000): 183-197. ________. "Puissance Divine Et Finitude Humaine Selon Qohélet 3,10-15." Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 31.3-4 (2002): 283-296. Lavoie, J.-J., and M. Mehramooz. "Quelques Remarques Sur Les Manuscrits Judéo-Persans Du Qohélet De La Bibliothèque Nationale De France." Religiologiques 17 (1998): 195-215. ________. "Étude De Quelques Mots Obscurs Du Qohélet à La Lumière De L'histoire De L'exégèse Et Des Manuscrits Judéo-Persans De La Bibliothèque Nationale De France." Studies in Religion/Sciences religieuses 29.2 (2000): 183-197. ________. "Le texte hébreu et la traduction judéo-persane du Qohélet. À partir des manuscrits 116 et 117 de la Bibliothèque nationale de France." Laval Théologique et Philosophique 56 (2000): 489-508. Lawrie, D. G. "The Dialectical Grammer of Job and Qoheleth: A Burkean Analysis." Scriptura 66 (1998): 217-234. Leahy, M. "The Meaning of Ecclesiastes 12:1-5." Irish Theological Quarterly 19 (1952): 297- 300. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Leanza, S. "Ancora Sull'esegesi Origeniana Dell'ecclesiaste." In Studi in Onore Di Anthos Ardizzoni, Vol 1, edited by E. Livrea and G. A. Privitera, 491-506. Filologia e critica 25. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo e Bizzarri, 1978. ________. "Eccl 12,1-7: L'interpretazione escatologica dei Padri e degli esegeti medievali." Augustianum 18 (1978): 191-208. ________. "Sull'autenticità Degli Scolii Origeniani Della 'Catena Sull'ecclesiaste' Di Procopio Di Gaza." In Origeniana Secunda: Second Colloque International des Études Origéniennes, edited by H. Crouzel and A. Quacquarelli, 363-369. Quaderni di "Vetera Christianorum" 15. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo, 1980. ________. "Sul Commentario All'ecclesiaste Di Didimo Alessandrino." In Studia Patristica, Vol 17, Pt 1, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 300-316. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press, 1982. _______. "Sul Commentario all'Ecclesiastes di Girolamo." In Jerome entre l'Occident et l'Orient: XVIe centenaire du départ de saint Jérôme de Rome et de son installation à Bethléem, edited by Y.-M. Duval, 267-82. Paris: Etudes Augustiniennes, 1988. ________. "I Condizionamenti Dell'esegesi Patristica: Un Caso Sintomatico: L'interpretazione Di Qohelet." Ricerche storico bibliche 2 (1990): 25-49. ________. "Il Traduttore È D'umor Nero: Notazioni Sulla Vulgata Dell'ecclesiaste." In De Tertullien aux Mozarabes, Vol 1: Antiquité tardive et christianisme ancien (IIIe-VIe siècles), edited by L. Holtz, J. C. Fredouille and M.-H. Jullien, 107-110. Paris: Inst d'Études Augustiniennes, 1992. ________. "Le Omelie Di Gregorio Di Nissa E L'interpretazione Cristiana Antica Dell'ecclesiaste." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 337-359. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Lee, A. C. C. "Death and the Perception of the Divine in Qohelet and Zhuang Zi." Ching Feng 38.1 (1995): 69-81. Lee, B. "A Specific Application of the Proverb in Ecclesiastes 1:15." Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 1 (1997). Lee, E. P. The Vitality of Enjoyment in Qohelet's Theological Rhetoric Beihefte Zur Zeitschrift für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 353. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2005. Lee, P. K. H. "Re-Reading Ecclesiastes in the Light of Su Tung-P'o's Poetry." Ching Feng 30 (1987): 214-236. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Legrand, T. "Siracide (Syriaque) 1, 20c-z: 'Une Addition Syriaque Et Ses Résonances Esséniennes...'" In Études Sémitiques Et Samaritaines Offertes à Jean Margain, edited by A. Frey, C.-B. Amphoux and U. Schattner Rieser, 123-134. Histoire du texte biblique 4. Lausanne, Switzerland: Zèbre, 1998. Leiman, H. I. Koheleth: Life and Its Meaning. Jerusalem/New York: Feldheim, 1978. Lenchak. T. "Puzzling Passages: Ecclesiastes 2:22-23." Bible Today 39 (2001): 48. Leuenberger, M. "'Deine Gnade Ist Besser Als Leben' (Ps 63,4): Ausformungen Der Grundkonstellation Von Leben Und Tod Im Alten Israel." Biblica 86.3 (2005): 343-368. Leupold, H. C. Exposition of Ecclesiastes. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1952. Levine, É. The Aramaic Version of Qohelet. New York: Genesis, 1978. ________. "The Humor in Qohelet." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 109.1 (1997): 71-83. ________. "Codex Urbinates Ebr 1:A 'Targum' Test." Biblische Zeitschrift 24.1 (1980): 95-100. ________. "Qohelet's Fool: A Composite Portrait." In On Humour and the Comic in the Hebrew Bible, edited by Y. T. Radday and A. Brenner, 277-294. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series 92. Sheffield: Almond Press, 1990. Levy, L. Das Buch Qoheleth. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Sadduzäismus. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrich'sche Buchhandlung, 1912. Lewy, I. "The Five Scrolls: a Commentary on the Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther by Israel Bettan; Proverbs with a Commentary by Julius H Greenstone." Reconstructionist 17.6 (1951): 24-26. Lieberman, E. "Trophies of a Chase: (after a Reading of Ecclesiastes)." Reconstructionist 23.11 (1957): 23-23. Liebschutz, N. "The Cynic in the Bible." Methodist Quarterly Review 69.4 (1920): 731-741. Limburg, J. W. "What Does Ecclesiastes Say About God?" In "And God Saw That It Was Good": Essays on Creation and God in Honor of Terence E. Fretheim, edited by F. J. Gaiser and M. A. Throntveit, 128-135. Word & World Supplement Series 5. St Paul: Word & World, 2006. Liss, H. "Dirk U Rottzoll, Abraham Ibn Ezras Kommentar Zu Den Büchern Qohelet, Ester Und Rut." Biblische Notizen 99 (1999): 14-19. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Loader, J. A. "Qohelet 3:2-8: A Sonnet in the Old Testament." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 81.2 (1969): 240-242. ________. Polar Structures in the Book of Qohelet. Beiheft zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 152. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1979. ________. "Different Reactions of Job and Qoheleth to the Doctrine of Retribution." In Studies in Wisdom Literature, edited by W. C. Van Wyk, 43-48. Hercules, South Africa: N H W Press, 1981. ________. "Relativity in near Eastern Wisdom." In Studies in Wisdom Literature, edited by W. C. Van Wyk, 49-58. Hercules, South Africa: N H W Press, 1981. ________. "Sunt Lacrimae Rerum (Et Mentem Mortalia Tangunt) - Qoh 4:1-3." In Aspects of the Exegetical Process, edited by W C. Van Wyk, 83-94. Hercules, South Africa: N H W Press, 1981. ________. Ecclesiastes. Text and Interpretation. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986. ________. "'Trembling, the Best of Being human': Aspects of Anxiety in Israel." Old Testament Essays 14.2 (2001): 260-280. ________. "Emptied Life-Death as the Reverse of Life in Ancient Israel." Old Testament Essays 18.3 (2005): 681-702. Lobdell, B. "The Theology of Ecclesiastes." Ph. D. Disseratation, Bob Jones University, 1981. Loewe, R. "Alexander Neckam's Knowledge of Hebrew." In Hebrew Study from Ezra to Ben- Yehuda, edited by W. Horbury, 207-223. Edinburgh: T and T Clark, 1999. Loewenclau, I. von. "Kohelet Und Sokrates - Versuch Eines Vergleiches." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 98.3 (1986): 327-338. Lohfink, N. "Man Face to Face with Death." In The Christian Meaning of the Old Testament, 139-69. Translated by R. A. Wilson. Milwaukee: Bruce, 1968. ________. "Technik Und Tod Nach Kohelet." In Strukturen Christlicher Existenz: Beiträge zur Erneuerung des Geistlichen Lebens, Festgabe Für Friedrich Wulf, edited by H. Schlier et al., 27-35. Würzburg: Echter Verlag, 1968. ________. "War Kohelet Ein Frauenfeind: Ein Versuch, Die Logik Und Den Gegenstand Von Koh, 7:23-8, 1a Herauzufinden." In Sagesse De L'ancien Testament, edited by M. Gilbert, 259-287. Gembloux: J Duculot, 1979. ________. Kohelet. Wurzburg: Echter, 1980. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Melek, sallît Und môsel Bei Kohelet Und Die Abfassungszeit Des Buchs." Biblica 62.4 (1981): 535-543. ________. "Die Wiederkehr des immer Gleichen: Eine fruhe Synthese zwischen griechischem und judischem Weltgefuhl in Kohelet 1,4-11." Archivo di Filosofia 53 (1985): 125-149. ________. "Gegenwart und Ewigkeit: die Zeit im Buch Kohelet." Geist und Leben 60 (1987): 2- 12. _________. "The Present and Eternity: Time in Qoheleth." Theology Digest 34.3 (1987): 236- 240. ________. "Koh 1,2 "Alles Ist Windhauch" - Universale Oder Anthropologische Aussage." In Der Weg zum Menschen : zur philosophischen und theologischen Anthropologie für Alfons Deissler, edited by R. Mosis and L. Ruppert, 201-216. Freiburg i Br: Herder, 1989. ________. "Kohelet Und Die Banken: Zur Übersetzung Von Kohelet 5:12-16." Vetus Testamentum 39.4 (1989): 488-495. ________. "Qoheleth 5:17-19--Revelation by Joy." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 52 (1990): 625- 635. ________. Zur Philosophie Kohelets: Eine Auslegung von Kohelet 7,1-10." Bibel and Kirche 45 (1990): 20-25. ________. "Grenzen Und Einbindung Des Kohelet-Schlussgedichts." In Altes Testament - Forschung und Wirkung: Festschrift für Henning Graf Reventlow, edited by P. Mommer and W. Thiel, 33-46. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1994. ________. "Freu Dich, Jüngling--Doch Nicht, Weil Du Jung Bist: Zum Formproblem Im Schlussgedicht Kohelets (Koh 11,9-12,8)." Biblical Interpretation 3 (1995): 158-189. ________. "Les Épilogues Du Livre De Qohélet Et Les Débuts Du Canon." In Ouvrir les Écritures: Mélanges Offerts à Paul Beauchamp á l'occasion de Ses Soixainte-Dix Ans, edited by P. Bovati and R. Meynet, 77-96. Paris: Cerf, 1995. ________. "Zu Einigen Satzeröffnungen Im Epilog Des Koheletbuches." In "Jedes Ding hat seine Zeit . . .": Studien zur israelitischen und altorientalischen Weisheit: Diethelm Michel zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by E. Otto et al., 131-147. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996. ________. "Das Koheletbuch: Strukturen Und Struktur." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, 39-121. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. Qohelet. Neue Echter Bibel. Alten Testament. Brescia: Morcelliana, 1997. ________. "Ist Kohelet's Hbl-Aussage Erkenntnistheoretisch Gemeint." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 41-59. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Kohelet Übersetzen: Berichte Aus Einer Übersetzerwerkstatt." In The Interpretation of the Bible: The International Symposium in Slovenia, edited by J. Krašovec, 1359-1386. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series 289. Sheffield, Eng: Sheffield Academic Press, 1998. ________. Studien Zu Kohelet. Stuttgarter biblische Aufsatzbände 26. Stuttgart: Katholisches Bibelwerk, 1998. ________. "Der Weise Und Das Volk in Koh 12,9 Und Sir 37,23." In Treasures of Wisdom: Studies in Ben Sira and the Book of Wisdom, Festschrift M Gilbert, N. Calduch-Benages and J. Vermeylen, 405-410. Louvain: Leuven University Press Peeters, 1999. ________. Qohelet: A Continental Commentary. Translated by Sean E. McEvenue. Continental Commentaries. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2003. Long, V. P. "One Man Among a Thousand, but not a Woman Among Them All." Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 48 Congress vol., ed. by K. D. Schunk and M. Augustin (1997). Longman, Tremper, III. "Comparative Methods in Old Testament Studies: Ecclesiastes Reconsidered." Theological Students Fellowship Bulletin 7.4 (1984): 5-9. ________. The Book of Ecclesiastes. New International Commentary on the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998. ________. "Israelite Genres in Their Ancient near Eastern Context." In Changing Face of Form Criticism for the Twenty-First Century, edited by M. A. Sweeney and E. Ben Zvi, 177- 195. Grand Rapids, Mich./Cambridge, U.K.: Eerdmans, 2003. Loretz, O. Gotteswort Und Menschliche Erfahrung: Eine Auslegung Der Bücher Jona, Rut, Hoheslied Und Qohelet. Freiburg: Herder, 1963. ________. "Zur Darbietungsform Der "Ich-Erzählung" Im Buche Qohelet." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 25 (1963): 46-59. ________. Qohelet Und Der Alte Orient: Untersuchungen Zu Stil Und Theologischer Thematik Des Buches Qohelet. Freiburg: Herder, 1964. ________. "Gleiches Los trifft alle! Die Antwort des Buches Qohelet," BK 20 (1965): 6-8. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Altorientalische Und Kanaanäische Topoi Im Buche Kohelet." Ugarit-Forschungen 12 (1981): 267-278. ________. "Anfänge Jüdischer Philosophie Nach Qohelet 1,1-11 Und 3,1-15." Ugarit- Forschungen 23 (1992): 223-244. ________. "'Frau' Und Griechisch-Jüdische Philosophie Im Buch Qohelet (Qoh 7,23-8,1 Und 9,6-10)." Ugarit-Forschungen 23 (1992): 245-264. ________. "Poetry and Prose in the Book of Qohelet (1:1-3:22; 7:23-8:1; 9:6-10; 12:8-14)." In Verse in Ancient near Eastern Prose, J. C. de Moor and W. G. E.Watson, 155-189. Alter Orient und Altes Testament Bd. 42. Kevelaer: Verlag Butzon & Bercker, 1993. Lorgunpai, S. "The Books of Ecclesiastes and Thai Buddhism." Asia Journal of Theology 8 (1994): 155-162. Lucà , S. "La Catena Dei 3 Padri Sull'ecclesiaste." In Studi in Onore Di Anthos Ardizzoni, Vol 1, edited by E. Livrea and G. A. Privitera, 555-582. Filologia e critica 25. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo e Bizzarri, 1978. ________. "Nilo D'Ancira Sull'Ecclesiaste Dieci Scolii Sconosciuti." Biblica 60.2 (1979): 237- 246. Luder, E. "Gott und Welt nach dem Prediger Salomo." Schweizerische theologische Umschau 28 (1958): 105-114. Luther, M. "Notes on Ecclesiastes." In Luther's Works, vol. 15, edited and translated by J. Pilikan, 3-193. St. Louis: Concordia, 1972 (1532). ________. Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon, 2 Samuel 23:1-7. Luther, Martin. Works 15. St Louis: Concordia Pub House, 1972. Lux, R. "'Ich, Kohelet, Bin König . . .' Die Fiktion Als Schlüssel Zur Wirklichkeit in Kohelet 1:12-2:26." Evangelische Theologie 50.4 (1990): 331-342. ________. "Der 'Lebenskompromiss' - Ein Wesenszug Im Denken Kohelets? Zur Auslegung Von Koh 7,15-18." In Alttestamentlicher Glaube und Biblische Theologie: Festschrift für Horst Dietrich Preuss zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by J. Hausmann and H. J. Zobel, 267- 278. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1992. ________. "'Denn Es Ist Kein Mensch So Gerecht Auf Erden, Dass Er Nur Gutes Tue . . .': Recht Und Gerechtigkeit Aus Der Sicht Des Predigers Salomo." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 94.3 (1997): 263-287. Lyons, W. J. "'Outing' Qoheleth: On the Search for Homosexuality in the Wisdom Tradition." Theology & Sexuality 12.2 (2006): 181-202. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Lys, D. "Par Le Temps Qui Court." Études Théologiques et Religieuses 48.3 (1973): 299-316. ________. L'Ecclesiaste ou que vaut la vie? Paris, Letouzey et anc, 1977. ________. "L'être Et Le Temps: Communication De Qoheleth." In Sagesse De L'ancien Testament, edited by M. Gilbert, 249-258. Gembloux: J Duculot, 1979. ________. Des Contresens Du Bonheur Ou L'implacable Lucidité De Qohèlèth. Poliez-le- Grand: Moulin, 1998. Macdonald, D. B. "Ecclesiastes 3:11." Journal of Biblical Literature 18 (1899): 212-215. MacDonald, J. M. The Book of Ecclesiastes Explained. New York: M W Dodd, 1856. Machinist, P. "Fate, Miqreh, and Reason: Some Reflections on Qohelet and Biblical Thought." In Solving Riddles and Untying Knots: Biblical, Epigraphic, and Semitic Studies in Honor of James C Greenfield, edited by Z. Zevit, S. Gitin and M. Sokoloff, 159-175 Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 1995. MacNeile, A. H. An Introduction to Ecclesiastes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1904. Madsen, H. "Dekonstruktion Im Kohelet-Buch--Anregungen Zu Einem Interdisziplinären Dialog." Biblische Zeitschrift 47.2 (2003): 281-286. Magarik, L. "Bread on Water." Jewish Bible Quarterly 28.4 (2000): 268-270. Maillot, A. Qohélét Ou Ecclésiaste Ou La Contestation. Paris: Bergers & Mages, 1987. Maltby, A. "Book of Ecclesiastes and the After-Life." Evangelical Quarterly 35 (1963): 39-44. Maly, E. H. "Qoheleth and Advent." Worship 35.1 (1960): 26-29. Manfredi, S. "Qohelet in dialogo: una sfida intertestuale." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 293-313. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Mangan, C. "Some Similarities between Targum Job and Targum Qohelet." In The Aramaic Bible: Targums in Their Historical Context, edited by D. R. G. Beattie and M. McNamara, 349-353. Sheffield, Eng: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1994. Manns, F. "Le Targum De Qohelet - Manuscrit Urbinati I: Traduction Et Commentaire." Liber annuus 42 (1992): 145-198. Mansoor, M. "The Thanksgiving Hymns and the Massoretic Text." Restoration Quarterly 3 (1961-62): 259-66. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Marböck, J. "Kohelet Und Sirach." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, 275-301. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. Margalit, S. "Qohelet." Beth Mikra 34 (1988/89): 176-181. Margolin, J. C. "L'analogie Dans La Pensée D'Erasme." Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 69 (1978): 24-49. Margoliouth, D. S. "The Prologue of Ecclesiastes." Expositor 8 (1911): 463-470. Margoliouth, G. "Ecclesiastes xii. 8-14." Expository Times 31 (1923): 121-124. Marti, K. "Nimm Und Lies: Prediger Salomo." ZeitSchrift 49.4 (2000): 238-240. Mateo S., and Lucas F. "Ho Eukairos Thanatos: Consideraciones En Torno a La Muerte En Las Homilias Al Eclesiastes De Gregorio De Nisa." Scripta Theologica 23 (1991): 921-937. ________. "O Eykairos Thánatos: Consideraciones En Torno a La Muerte En Las Homilias Al Eclesiastes De Gregorio De Nisa." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 277-297. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Maurer, W. "Der Kursächsische Salomo: Zu Luthers Vorlesungen Über Kohelet (1526) Und Über Das Hohelied (1530/31)." In Antwort aus der Geschichte : Walter Dress zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by W. Sommer, 99-116. Berlin: Christlicher Zeitschriftenverlag, 1969. Maussion, M. Le Mal, Le Bien Et Le Jugement De Dieu Dans Le Livre De Qohélet. Orbis Biblicus Et Orientalis 190. Fribourg: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2003. ________. "Qohélet Et Les Sept Refrains Sur Le Bonheur." In Wisdom and Apocalypticism in the Dead Sea Scrolls and in the Biblical Tradition, edited by F. G. Martínez, 259-267. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum theologicarum Lovaniensium 168. Leuven: Peeters, 2003. ________. "Qohélet VI 1-2: 'Dieu Ne Permet Pas . . .'" Vetus Testamentum 55.4 (2005): 501- 510. Mavis, R. S. "The Epilogue of Ecclesiastes and the Meaning of the Book." Ph.D. diss., Westminster Theological Seminary, 1999. Maza, B. "Why." In Contemporary Jewish Religious Responses to the Shoah, edited by S. L. Jacobs, 135. Lanham, Md: University Press of America, 1993. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Mazzinghi, L. "Il mistero del tempo: sul termine 'olam in Qo 3,11." In Initium sapientiae. Scritti in onore di Franco Festorazzi nel suo 70° compleanno, edited by R. Fabris, 147-61. Supplementi alla Rivista Biblica 36. Bologna: EDB, 2000. ________. "Ho Cercato E Ho Esplorato": Studi sul Qohelet. Bologna: EDB, 2001. ________. "Qohelet tra giudaismo ed ellenismo. Un'indagine a partire da Qo 7, 15-18." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 90-116. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. McCabe, R. V. "The Message of Ecclesiastes." Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal 1 (1996): 85- 112. McCrea, B. "Lemuel Gulliver's 'Treacherous' Religion: Swift's Redaction of Ecclesiastes." Christianity and Literature 49.4 (2000): 465-483. McKenna, J. E. "The Concept of Hebel in the Book of Ecclesiastes." Scottish Journal of Theology 45.1 (1992): 19-28. McNeile, A. H. An Introduction to Ecclesiastes, with Notes and Appendices. Cambridge: The University Press, 1904. Meissner, H. M. "Grammatik Und Rhetorik in Gregors Von Nyssa Exegese Des Buches Prediger: Beobachtungen Zur Fünften Homilie." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 223-248. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Melanchthon, P. "Enarratio Brevis...Ecclesiasten." In Corpus Reformatorum, Vol XIV, edited by C. G. Bretschneider, 89-159. Halle: Schwetschke, 1847. Menz, R. L. "The Denial of Death and the Out-of-the-Body Experience." Journal of Religion and Health 23 (1984): 317-329. Mercedes Bergadá, M. "La Condemnation De L'esclavage Dans L'homélie IV." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 185-196. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Meredith, A. "Homily I." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 145-158. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Merkin, D. "Ecclesiastes." In Congregation: Contemporary Writers Read the Jewish Bible, edited by D. Rosenberg, 393-405. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987. Michaud, R. Qohélet Et L'hellenisme: La Littérature De Sagesse: Histoire Et Theologie, V 2. Lire La Bible 77. Paris: Cerf, 1987. Michel, D. "Humanität Angesichts Des Absurden: Qohelet (Prediger) 1,2-3,15." In Humanität Heute, edited by Heinrich Foerster, 22-36. Berlin: Lutherisches Verlagshaus, 1970. ________. "Vom Gott, Der Im Himmel Ist: Reden Von Gott Bei Qohelet." In Theologia Viatorum 12, 1973/1974: Jahrbuch der Kirchlichen Hochschule Berlin, edited by Michel Rektor, 87-100. Berlin: Spur Verlag, 1975. ________. "Qohelet-Probleme: Uberlegungen zu Qoh 8,2-9 und 7,11-14." Theologia Viatorum 15 (1979/80): 81-103. ________. Qohelet. Erträge der Forschung 258. Darmstadt: Wissenshaftliche Buchgesellschaft 1988. ________. Untersuchungen Zur Eigenart Des Buches Qohelet. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1989. ________. "Weisheit Und Apokalyptik." In Book of Daniel in the Light of New Findings, edited by A. S. van der Woude, 413-434. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 106. Louvain: Peeters, 1993. ________. "'Unter Der Sonne': Zur Immanenz Bei Qohelet." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 93-111. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Middlemas, J. "Ecclesiastes Gone 'Sideways.'" Expository Times 118.5 (2007): 216-221. Miller, D. B. "Qohelet's Symbolic Use of Hbl." Journal of Biblical Literature 117 (1998): 437- 454. ________. "Power in Wisdom: The Suffering Servant of Ecclesiastes 4." In Peace and Justice Shall Embrace: Power and Theopolitics in the Bible: Essays in Honor of Millard Lind, edited by T. Grimsrud and L. L. Johns, 145-173. Telford, Pa.: Pandora Press U.S./Scottdale, Pa.: Herald Press, 1999. ________. "What the Preacher Forgot: The Rhetoric of Ecclesiastes." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 62.2 (2000): 215-235. ________. Symbol and Rhetoric in Ecclesiastes: The Place of Hebel in Qohelet's Work. Society of Biblical Literature. Atlanta: Soc of Biblical Literature, 2002. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Mills, M. E. Reading Ecclesiastes: A Literary and Cultural Exegesis. Burlington (USA): Ashgate, 2003. Min, Y.-J. "How Do the Rivers Flow? (Ecclesiastes 1:7)." Bible Translator 42.2 (1991): 226- 231. Mitchell, H. G. T. "'Work' In Ecclesiastes." Journal of Biblical Literature 32.2 (1913): 123-138. Moffatt, J. Literary Illustrations of the Bible: Ecclesiastes. New York: A C Armstrong, 1905. Molina, J. P. "Jésus Ben Qohélet." In Livre De Traverse De L'exégèse Biblique à L'anthropologie, edited by O. Abel and F. Smyth-Florentin, 237-256. Paris: Cerf, 1992. Montgomery, J. A. "Notes on the Old Testament." Journal of Biblical Literature 31.3 (1912): 140-146. ________. "Notes on Ecclesiastes." Journal of Biblical Literature 43.3-4 (1924): 241-244. Moore, D.G., and D. L. Akin. Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs. Holman Old Testament Commentary. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2003. Moore, G. F. "The Caper-Plant and Its Edible Products: With Reference to Eccles. XII. 5." Journal of Biblical Literature 10.1 (1891): 55-64. Moore, T. M. Ecclesiastes: Ancient Wisdom When All Else Fails. Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 2001. Moraldi, L. "Poveri E Povertà Tra Gli Esseni Di Qumran." In Evangelizare Pauperibus, edited by B. M. Antonini, 293-309. Associazione Biblica Italiana: Atti Della XXIV Settimana Biblica. Brescia: Paideia Editrice, 1978. Moreno García, A., and J. B. Sales. "Concepción Jeronimiana De Los Sentidos Bíblicos En El Comentario a Qohélet." Estudios Bíblicos 55.2 (1997): 239-262. Moriarty, R. "Translating the Homilies." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 13-29. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Morris, J. C. "The Ethics of Solomon." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 33.146 (1894): 310-332. Moss, S. A. "Ecclesiastes 1:4: A Proof Text for Reincarnation." Jewish Bible Quarterly 21 (1993): 28-30. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Mosshammer, A. A. "Time for All and a Moment for Each: The Sixth Homily of Gregory of Nyssa on Ecclesiastes." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 249-276. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Motos Lopez, C. "La forma exegetica Masal en Qohelet Rabbah." Ilu, Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones 6 (2001): 79-131. Mott, S. C. "When There Is No Comforting Power." Christian Social Action 11 (1998): 39-39. ________. "Hanging in There Politically." Christian Social Action 12 (1999): 34-34. Moulton, R. G. Ecclesiates and the Wisdom of Solomon. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1902. Moyise, S. "Is Life Futile? Paul and Ecclesiastes." Expository Times 108.6 (1997): 178-179. Muilenburg, J. "A Qohelet Scroll from Qumran," Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 135 (1954): 20-28. Mulder, J. S. M. "Qoheleth's Division and Also Its Main Point." In Von Kanaan Bis Kerala: Fest, Prof Mag Dr Dr J O M van der Pleog zur Vollendung des Siebzigsten Lebensjahres am 4, Juli 1979, edited by W. C. Delsman, J. R. T. M. Peters and J. T.Nelis, 149-159. Alter Orient und Altes Testament Bd. 211. Kevelaer, Germany: Butzon und Bercker, 1982. Mülenberg, E. "Homilie Ii: Ecclesiastes 1,12-2,3." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 159-170. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Mülhaupt, E. "Luthers Handbuch Für Christliche Politiker Und Erzieher: Eine Blütnlese Aus Luthers Vorlesung Über Den Prediger Salomo." Luther 58.2 (1987): 51-62. Müler, H.-P. "Wie Sprach Qohälät Von Gott." Vetus Testamentum 18.4 (1968): 507-521. ________. "Neige Der Althebräischen "Weisheit" Zum Denken Qohäläts." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 90.2 (1978): 238-263. ________. "Der 90ten Psalm: Ein Paradigma Exegetischer Aufgaben." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 81.3 (1984): 265-285. ________. "Theonome Skepsis Und Lebensfreude: Zu Koh 1,12-3,15." Biblische Zeitschrift 30.1 (1986): 1-19. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Der Unheimliche Gast: Zum Denken Kohelets." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 84.4 (1987): 440-464. ________. "Kohelet Und Amminadab." In "Jedes Ding hat seine Zeit . . .": Studien zur israelitischen und altorientalischen Weisheit: Diethelm Michel zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by E. Otto et al., 149-165. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996. ________. "Travestien Und Geistige Landschaften: Zum Hintergrund Einiger Motive Bei Kohelet Und Im Hohenlied." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 109.4 (1997): 557-574. ________. "PlausibilitäTsverlust Herkömmlicher Religion Bei Kohelet Und Den Vorsokratikern." In Gemeinde Ohne Tempel = Community without temple: zur Substituierung und Transformation des Jerusalemer Tempels und Seines Kults im Alten Testament, Antiken Judentum und frühen Christentum, edited by B. Ego et al., 99-113. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 118. Tubingen: Mohr, 1999. ________. "Das Ganze Und Seine Teile: Anschlusserörterungen Zum Wirklichkeitsverständnis Kohelets." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 97.2 (2000): 147-163. ________. "Die Wirklichkeit Und Das Ich Bei Kohelet Angesichts Des Ausbleibens Göttlicher Gerechtigkeit Und Barmherezigkeit." In Drama Der Barmherzigkeit Gottes: Studien zur Biblischen Gottesrede und Ihrer Wirkungsgeschichte in Judentum und Christentum, edited by R. Scoralick, 125-144. Stuttgarter Bibelstudien 183. Stuttgart: Verlag Katholisches Bibelwerk, 2000. Muntingh, L. M. "Fear of Yahweh and Fear of the Gods According to the Books of Qohelet and Isaiah." In Studies in Isaiah, edited by W C.Van Wyk, 143-158. Ou-Testamentiese Werkgemeenskap in Suider-Afrika 22, 23. Hercules, South Africa: NHW Press, 1982. Murphy, R. E. "Pensées of Coheleth." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 17.2 (1955): 304-314. ________. "A Form-Critical Consideration of Ecclesiastes VII." Society of Biblical Literature Seminar Papers (1974): 77-85. ________. "Qohelet's 'Quarrel' With the Fathers." In From Faith to Faith: Essays in Honor of Donald G Miller on His Seventieth Birthday, edited by D. Y. Hadidian, 235-245. Pittsburgh: Pickwick Press, 1979. ________. Wisdom Literature: Job, Proverbs, Ruth, Canticles, Ecclesiastes, Esther. Forms of the Old Testament Literature 13. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981. ________. "Qohelet Interpreted: The Bearing of the Past on the Present." Vetus Testamentum 32.3 (1982): 331-337. ________. "The Faith of Qoheleth." Word & World 7.3 (1987): 253-260. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "The Sage in Ecclesiastes and Qoheleth the Sage." In Sage in Israel and the Ancient near East, edited by J. G. Gammie and L. G. Perdue, 263-271. Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 1990. ________. "On Translating Ecclesiastes." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 53 (1991): 571-579. ________. "Qoheleth and Theology." Biblical Theology Bulletin 21 (1991): 30-33. ________. Ecclesiastes Word Biblical Commentary 23A. Dallas: Word Pub, 1992. ________. "Recent Research on Proverbs and Qoheleth." Currents in Research 1 (1993): 119- 140. Murphy, R. E., ed.. Medieval Exegesis of Wisdom Literature: Essays by Beryl Smalley. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986. Murphy, R, E., and E. Huwiler. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs. New International Biblical Commentary. Peabody, Mass: Hendrickson Pubs, 1999. Murray, J. J.. "Koheleth and Omar Khayyam." Religion in Life 11.2 (1942): 213-222. Nash, S.. "Hebrew Belles-Lettres in the West (a Selective Revisionist Overview)." Hebrew Annual Review 6 (1982): 139-152. Neher, A. Notes sur Qohelet. Paris, 1951. Newsom, C. A. "Job and Ecclesiastes." In Old Testament Interpretation: Past, Present, and Future: Essays in Honor of Gene M. Tucker, edited by J. L. Mays, D. L. Petersen and K. H. Richards, 177-194. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1995. Niccacci, A. "Qohelet O La Gioia Come Fatica E Dono Di Dio a Chi Lo Teme." Liber annuus 52 (2002): 29-102. Nichols, F. "Difficult Texts from Ecclesiastes." In Difficult Texts of the Old Testament Explained, edited by W. Winkler, 324-333. Hurst, Tex: Winkler Publications, 1982. Nichols, F. W. "Samuel Beckett and Ecclesiastes on the Borders of Belief." Encounter 45 (1984): 11-22. Nicol, G. G. "Of Love and Death: Song of Songs and Ecclesiastes." Expository Times 102.11 (1991): 340-341. Nielsen, K. "'Ja, Jord Er Du . . .': Noget Om Jord Og Klippe, Menneske Og Gud." Dansk teologisk tidsskrift 66.4 (2003): 285-297. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Nigosian, S. A. "Biblical and Chinese Views on Cosmic Order." Theological Review 25.2 (2004): 57-67. Nishimura, T. "Un Mashal De Qohelet 1:2-11." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 59.3-4 (1979): 605-615. Nishimura, T. "Quelques reflexions semiologues a propos de la crainte de dieu' Qohelet." Annual of the Japanese Biblical Institute 5 (1979): 67-87. Noakes, K. W. "The Metaphrase on Ecclesiastes of Gregory Thaumaturgus." In Studia Patristica, Vol 15, Pt 1, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 196-199. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1984. Nordheimer, I. "The Philosophy of Ecclesiastes." American Biblical Repository 12.31-32 (1838): 197-219. Notscher, F. Kohelet. Wurzburg, 1954. Noyes, G. R. A New Translation of Job, Ecclesiastes, and the Canticles, 3d Ed Rev. Boston: American Unitarian Assn, 1867. Ogden, G. S. "The Tob-spruch in Qoheleth: Its Function and Significance as a Criterion for Isolating and Identifying Aspects of Qoheleth's Thought." Ph.D. diss., Princeton Theological Seminary, 1975. ________. "Better Proverb (Tob-Spruch), Rhetorical Criticism, and Qoheleth." Journal of Biblical Literature 96.4 (1977): 489-505. ________. "Qoheleth's Use of the "Nothing Is Better"-Form." Journal of Biblical Literature 98.3 (1979): 339-350. ________. "Historical Allusion in Qoheleth 4:13-16." Vetus Testamentum 30.3 (1980): 309-315. ________. "Qoheleth 9:17-10:20: Variations on the Theme of Wisdom's Strength and Vulnerability." Vetus Testamentum 30.1 (1980): 27-37. ________. "Qoheleth 9:1-16." Vetus Testamentum 32.2 (1982): 158-169. ________. "Qoheleth 11:1-6." Vetus Testamentum 33.2 (1983): 222-230. ________. "The Mathematics of Wisdom: Qoheleth 4:1-12." Vetus Testamentum 34.4 (1984): 446-453. ________. "Qoheleth 11:7-12:8: Qoheleth's Summons to Enjoyment and Reflection." Vetus Testamentum 34.1 (1984): 27-38. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "The Interpretation of Dwr in Ecclesiastes 1:4." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 34 (1986): 91-92. ________. Qoheleth. Sheffield: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1987. ________. "'Vanity' It Certainly Is Not." Bible Translator 38.3 (1987): 301-307. ________. "Translation Problems in Ecclesiastes 5:13-17." Bible Translator 39.4 (1988): 423- 428. Okorie, A. M. "Understanding the Book of Ecclesiastes." AFER 39 (1997): 53-57. ________. "Vanidad De Vanidades! Todo Es Vanidad: El Veredicto Del Eclesiastés." Revista Bíblica 59.3 (1997): 129-133. Orlinsky, H. M. "A New Interpretation of Koheleth." Reconstructionist 18.11 (1952): 30-30. Osborn, N. D. "A Guide for Balanced Living: An Exegetical Study of Ecclesiastes 7:1-14." Bible Translator 21.4 (1970): 185-196. Osborn, R. T. "'Work' In a Christian Perspective." Quarterly Review 5 (1985): 28-43. Owens, J. E. "'Come, Let Us Be Wise': Qoheleth and Ben Sira on True Wisdom, with an Ear to Pharaoh's Folly." In Intertextual Studies in Ben Sira and Tobit: Essays in Honor of Alexander A Di Lella, O.F.M., edited by J. Corley and V. Skemp, 227-240. The Catholic Biblical Quarterly monograph series 38. Washington, DC: Catholic Biblical Assoc of America, 2005. Pahk, J. Y.-S. "The Significance of 'Sr in Qoh 7,26: 'More Bitter Than Death Is the Woman, If She Is a Snare.'" In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 373-383. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Women as Snares: A Metaphor of Warning in Qoh 7,26 and Sir 9,3." In Treasures of Wisdom: Studies in Ben Sira and the Book of Wisdom, Festschrift M Gilbert, N. Calduch- Benages and J. Vermeylen, 397-404. Louvain: Leuven University Press Peeters, 1999. ________. "Qohelet e le tradizioni sapienziali del vicino oriente antico." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 117-143. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. ________. "A Syntactical and Contextual Consideration of 'Sh in Qoh. IX 9." Vetus Testamentum 51.3 (2001): 370-380. Pakala, J. C. "A Librarian's Comments on Commentaries: 12, Ecclesiastes." Presbyterion 27.2 (2001): 147-149. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Palm, A. Qohelet und die Nach-Aristotelische Philosophie. Mannheim, 1885. Paper, H. H. "Ecclesiastes in Judeo-Persian." Orientalia 42.1-2 (1973): 328-337. Parsons, G. W. "Guidelines for Understanding and Proclaiming the Book of Ecclesiastes. Part 1." Bibliotheca sacra 160.638 (2003): 159-173. ________. "Guidelines for Understanding and Proclaiming the Book of Ecclesiastes. Part 2." Bibliotheca sacra 160.639 (2003): 283-304. Passaro, A. "Le possibli letture di un libro difficile." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 21-39. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Paterson, J. "The Intimate Journal of an Old-Time Humanist." Religion in Life 19.2 (1950): 245- 254. Paterson, W. P. "A Sage among the Prophets." Expository Times 26.3 (1914): 105-110. Paulson, G. N. "The Use of Qoheleth in Bonhoeffer's Ethics." Word & World 18 (1998): 307- 313. Pawley, D. "Ecclesiastes: Reaching out to the 20th Century." Bible Review 6 (1990): 34-36. Peck, R. "Ecclesiastes as a Pivotal Biblical and Literary Text." Association of Departments of English Bulletin 81 (1985): 43-48. Pecknold, C. C. "The Readable City and the Rhetoric of Excess." Cross Currents 52.4 (2003): 516-520. Pedersen, J. "Scepticisme Israelite." Revue d'histoire et de philosophie religieuses 10 (1931): 317-370. Pelli, S. "Saul Berlin's Ktav Yosher: From Kohelet's Skepticism to Kabbala's Mysticism." Hebrew Studies 38 (1997): 47-62. Pennacchini, B. "Qohelet ovvero il libro degli assurdi." EuntDoc 30 (1977): 491-510. Perdue, L. G. Wisdom and Cult: A Critical Analysis of the Views of Cult in the Wisdom Literature of Israel and the Ancient Near East. Society of Biblical Literature Dissertation Series 30. Missoula: Scholars Press, 1977. ________. "Proverbs and Ecclesiastes." In Chalice Introduction to the Old Testament, edited by M. J. Steussy, 209-221. St. Louis, Mo: Chalice Press, 2003. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Wisdom and Apocalyptic: The Case of Qoheleth." In Wisdom and Apocalypticism in the Dead Sea Scrolls and in the Biblical Tradition, edited by F. G. Martínez, 231-258. Leuven: Peeters, 2003. Perrin, N. "Messianism in the Narrative Frame of Ecclesiastes?" Revue Biblique 108.1 (2001): 37-60. Perry, T. A. Dialogues with Kohelet: The Book of Ecclesiastes: Translation and Commentary. University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993. ________. "Kohelet's Minimalist Theology." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 451-456. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Montaigne's Essay on Vanity and Kohelet." In From Iberia to Diaspora: Studies in Sephardic History and Culture, edited by Y. K. Stillman and N. A. Stillman, 214-222. Brill's Series in Jewish Studies 19. Leiden: E J Brill, 1999. Peter, C. B. "In Defence of Existence: A Comparison between Ecclesiastes and Albert Camus." Bangalore Theological Forum 12 (1980): 26-43. Peters, J. P. "Some Uses of Numbers." Journal of Biblical Literature 38.1 (1919): 15-23. Pfeiffer, E. "Die Gottesfurcht Im Buche Kohelet." In Gottes Wort Und Gottes Land: Hans Wilhelm Hertzberg Zum 70 Geburtstag, edited by H. G. Reventlow, 133-158. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1965. Pfeiffer, R. H. "The Peculiar Skepticism of Ecclesiastes." Journal of Biblical Literature 53.2 (1934): 100-109. Pinto, C. O. "Eclesiastes: Uma Análise Introdutória." Vox Scripturae 4 (1994): 151-166. Piotti, F. "La lingua dell'Ecclesiaste e lo sviluppo storico dell'Ebraico." Bibbia e oriente 15 91973): 185-196. _________. "Il rapporto tra ricchi, stolti e principi in Qoh. 10,6-7 alla luce della letteratura sapiienziale." Sculoa Cattolica 102 (1974): 328-333. ________. "Osservazioni su alcuni problemi esegetici nel libro dell'Ecclesiastes (studio III)." Bibbia e oriente 22 (1980): 243-255. ________. "Osservazioni su alcuni usi linguistici dell'Ecclesiaste." Bibbia e oriente 19 (1977): 49-56. Pixley, J. V. "Qoheleth: A Teacher for Our Times." Currents in Theology and Mission 26 (1999): 123-135. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Plessis, S. J. du. "Aspects of the Morphological Peculiarities of the Language of Qohelet." in De Fructus Oris Sui: Essays in Honor of Adrianus van Selms, edited by I. H. Eybers et al., 164-80. Pretoria Oriental Series IX. Leiden: Brill, 1971. Plumptre, E. H. Ecclesiastes, or The Preacher. With Notes and Introduction. The Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. Cambridge: The University Press, 1881. Podechard, E. "La compoisition du livre de l'Ecclesiaste," Revue biblique 21 (1912): 161-91. ________. L'Ecclesiaste. Paris: Victor Lecoffre, 1912. Polk, T. "The Wisdom of Irony: A Study of Hebel and Its Relation to Joy and the Fear of God in Ecclesiastes." Studia Biblica et Theologica 6 (1976): 3-17. Power, A. D. Ecclesiastes, or the Preacher: A New Translation, with Introduction, Notes, Glossary, and Index. London: Longmans, 1952. ________. Ecclesiastes or The Preacher. London: Longmans, 1952. Preston, T. R. "The Biblical Context of Johnson's 'Rasselas'" PMLA 84.2 (1969): 274-281. Preuss, H. D. "Der Prediger Salomo (Qohelet)." In Einfuhrung in die alttestamentliche Weisheitsliteratur, 114-136. Urban-Taschenbucher 383. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1987. Priest, J. "Humanism, Skepticism, and Pessimism in Israel." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 36 (1968): 311-326. Printz, J. B. "The Relevance of Ezekiel and Ecclesiastes to the Theme of 'The Waste Land'" M.A. Thesis, The American University 1968. Prior, J. M. "'When All the Singing Has Stopped': Ecclesiastes: A Modest Mission in Unpredictable Times." International Review of Mission 91.360 (2002): 7-23. Provan, I. W. Ecclesiastes/Song of Solomon. The New Application Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2001. Puech, E. "Qohelet a Qumran." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 44-70. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Pury, A. de. "Qohéleth Et Le Canon Des Ketubim." Revue de théologie et de philosophie 131.2 (1999): 163-198. Putnam, R. A. "The Loneliness of Koheleth." In Loneliness, edited by L. S. Rouner, 143-159. Boston University Studies in Philosophy and Religion 19. Notre Dame, Ind: University of Notre Dame Press, 1998. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Qimron, E. "Sehattaqqip (Qoh 6:10)- An Unnoticed Aramaism (in Hebrew)." Leshonenu 56.2 (1991): 117. Rainey, A. F. "Study of Ecclesiastes." Concordia Theological Monthly 35 (1964): 148-157. ________. "Second Look at 'Amal' In Qoheleth." Concordia Theological Monthly 36 (1965): 805-805. Ramsey, P. "The Indignity of Death with Dignity." In Death, Dying, and Euthanasia, edited by D. J. Horan and D. Mall, 305-330. Washington, DC: University Publications of America, 1977. Rankin, O. S. "The Book of Ecclesiastes." In The Interpreter's Bible, V 5, edited by G. A. Buttrick, 3-88. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1956. Ranston, H. "Ecclesiastes and Theognis." The American Journal of Semitic Languages and Literatures 34.2 (1918): 99-122. ________. Ecclesiastes and the Early Greek Wisdom Literature. London: Epworth, 1925. _________. "Koheleth and the Early Greeks." Journal of Theological Studies 24 (1923): 160- 169. Ratzaby, Y. "Targum Rabbi Sa'adiyah La-Megillat Qohelet." Beit Mikra Quarterly 175 (2003): 367-372. Ravasi, G. Qohelet. Torino: Edizioni Paoline, 1988. Rayez, A. "Ecclesiaste: 3, Comentateurs." In Dictionnaire de Spiritualite, Vol. IV, edited by M. Viller et al., 47-52. Paris: Beauchesne, 1932. Reich, K. "Gulls of Desire. Saying Grace. Ecclesiastes 7:30-31." Anima 12 (1985): 72-74. _________. "Word-Chains in Kohelet." Beth Mikra 36.124 (1990): 94-96. Reif, S. C. "A Note on G'R." Vetus Testamentum 21.2 (1971): 241-244. _________. "Review of C. F. Whitley's Koheleth." Vetus Testamentum 31 (1981): 120-126. Reimer, P. B. A Time to Keep Silence--and a Time to Build: A Study of Ecclesiastes. Toronto: Institute for Christian Studies, 1987. Reines, C. W. "Koheleth 8:10." Journal of Jewish Studies 5.2 (1954): 86-87. ________. "Koheleth on Wisdom and Wealth." Journal of Jewish Studies 5.2 (1954): 80-84. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Reitman, J. S. "The Structure and Unity of Ecclesiastes." Bibliotheca Sacra 154 (1997): 297- 319. Renan, E. L'Ecclésiaste, traduit de l'hébreu avec une étude sur l'âge et le caractère du livre. Paris, Calmann-Lévy, 1882. Rendall, R. "The Note of Progression in Old Testament History." Evangelical Quarterly 20.2 (1948): 84-96. Richer, B., and R. Pitkin. A Time for Every Purpose. Nashville: Nelson, 1983. Richter, H. F. "Kohelets Urteil Über Die Frauen: Zu Koh 7,26.28 Und 9,9 in Ihrem Kontext." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 108.4 (1996): 584-593. ________. "Kohelet: Philosoph Und Poet." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 435-449. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Riese, M. "The Arabic Commentary of Solomon Ben Yehuham: The Karaite of Ecclesiastes." Ph.D. diss., Yeshiva University, 1973. Riesener, I. "Frauenfeindschaft Im Alten Testament: Zum VerstäNdnis Von Qoh 7:25-29." In "Jedes Ding hat seine Zeit . . .": Studien zur israelitischen und altorientalischen Weisheit: Diethelm Michel zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by E. Otto et al., 103-207. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996. Ritter, A. M. "An Introduction to Homily III." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 171-176. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Rivera-Pagán, L. N. "Koheleth and the Mythical Imagery of Mentoring." Apuntes 17 (1997): 111-119. Rizzi, G. "Tradizione e intertestualita nell'ermeneutica giudaica di lingua greca e aramaica di Qo 1,1-3. Una prospettiva di ricerca." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 227-255. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Robertson, D. "Job and Ecclesiastes." Soundings 73 (1990): 257-272. Rofe, A. "'The Angel' in Qoh 5:5 in Light of a Wisdom Dialogue Formula," [Hebrew], Eretz Israel 14 (1978): 105-109. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 _________. "La formula sapienziale 'non dire...' e l' angelo di Qo 5,5." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 215-226. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Römer, T.. La Sagesse Dans L'ancien Testament: Proverbes, Job, Qohéleth. Cahiers Bibliques 3. Aubonne, France: Moulin, 1991. ________. Les Chemins De La Sagesse: Proverbes, Job, Qohéleth. Poliez-le-Grand: Moulin, 1999. Root, E. T. "Ecclesiastes Considered Psychologically." The Old and New Testament Student 9.3 (1889): 138-142. Rose, M. "Querdenken mit und uber Qohelet." Theologische Zeitschrift 53 (1997): 83-96. ________. "Situer Qohéleth: Regards Croisés Sur Un Livre Biblique." Revue de théologie et de philosophie 131.2 (1999): 97-215. ________. Rien De Nouveau: Nouvelles Approches Du Livre De Qohéleth. Orbis Biblicus Et Orientalis 168. Gottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1999. Rose, T. B. "Emerging Social Problems in Jamaica and Their Pastoral Implications." Caribbean Journal of Religious Studies 6 (1985): 29-45. Rosendal, B. "Popular Wisdom in Qohelet." In In the Last Days: On Jewish and Christian Apocalyptic and Its Period, edited by K. Jeppesen, K. Nielsen and B. Rosendal, 121-127. Aarhus, Denmark: Aarhus University Press, 1994. Rosenthal, G. "Tikkun ha-Olam: The Metamorphosis of a Concept." Journal of Religion 85.2 (2005): 214-240. Rosin, R. L. "The Reformation Response to Skepticism: Ecclesiastes Commentaries of Luther, Brenz and Melanchthon," Ph.D. diss., Stanford University, 1986. ________. "Melanchthon and 'The Preacher': A Theology for Life." Concordia Journal 23 (1997): 295-308. ________. Reformers, the Preacher and Skepticism: Luther, Brenz, Melanchthon and Ecclesiastes. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Europäische Geschichte Mainz 171. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, 1997. Ross, M. E. "The Frustration of Work." Faith and Practice 1 (1995): 35-41. Roth, W. M. W. Numerical Sayings in the Old Testament: A Form- Critical Study. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 13. Leiden, Brill, 1965. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Roth, W. "The Relation Between the Fear of the Lord and Wisdom." Beth Mikra 25 (1980): 150- 162. Rousseau, F. "Structure De Qohelet 1:4-11 et Plan Du Livre." Vetus Testamentum 31.2 (1981): 200-217. Rowley, H. H. "The Problems of Ecclesiastes." Jewish Quarterly Review 42 (1951): 87-90. Rudman, D. "A Contextual Reading of Ecclesiastes 4:13-16." Journal of Biblical Literature 116 (1997): 57-73. ________. "Qohelet's Use of lpny." Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 23.2 (1997): 143- 150. ________. "The Translation and Interpretation of Eccl. 8:17a." Jounal of Northwest Semitic Languages 23.1 (1997): 109-116. ________. "Woman as Divine Agent in Ecclesiastes." Journal of Biblical Literature 116 (1997): 411-427. ________. "The Anatomy of the Wise Man: Wisdom, Sorrow and Joy in the Book of Ecclesiastes." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 465-471. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "A Note on the Dating of Ecclesiastes." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 61 (1999): 47-52. ________. Determinism in the Book of Ecclesiastes. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement 316. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. ________. "Determinism and Anti-Determinism in the Book of Koheleth." Jewish Bible Quarterly 30.2 (2002): 97-106. Rudolph, W. Vom Buch Kohelet. Schriften D Gesellschaft Z Förderung D Wilhelms-Univ 42. Munster: Aschendorff, 1959. Ruiz de la Peña, J. L. "Materia, Materialismo, Creacianismo." Salmanticensis 32.1 (1985): 49- 72. Ryken, L. "Ecclesiastes." In Complete Literary Guide to the Bible, edited by Leland Ryken and Tremper Longman III, 268-280. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993. Rylaarsdam, J. C. Proverbs: Ecclesiastes; the Song of Solomon. Layman's Bible Commentary 10. Richmond: John Knox Press, 1960. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Sacchi, P. "Da Qohelet Al Tempo Di Gesu: Alcune Linee Del Pensiero Giudaico." In Judentum: Allgemeines, palästinisches Judentum, edited by W. Haase and H. Temporini, 3-32. Aufstieg und Niedergang der Roemischen Welt 2. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1979. Sagot, S. "La Triple Sagesse Dans Le De Isaac Uel Anima: Essai Sur Les Procédés De Composition De Saint Ambroise." In Ambroise De Milan: 16e Centenaire de son Élection Épiscopale, edited by Y.-M. Duval, 67-114. Paris: Études Augustiniennes, 1974. Salters, R. B. "Word for 'God' In the Peshitta of Koheleth." Vetus Testamentum 21.2 (1971): 251-254. ________. "The Book of Ecclesiastes: Studies in the Versions and the History of Exegesis." Ph.D. diss., University of St. Andrews, 1972. ________. "Qoheleth and the Canon." Expository Times 86 (1975): 339-342. ________. "Note on the Exegesis of Ecclesiastes 3:15b." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 88.3 (1976): 419-422. ________. "Text and Exegesis in Koh 10:19." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 89.3 (1977): 423-426. ________. "Notes on the History of the Interpretation of Koh 5:5." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 90.1 (1978): 95-101. ________. "The Mediaeval French Glosses of Rashbam on Qoheleth and Song of Songs." In Studia Biblica 1978, 1: Papers on Old Testament and Related Themes, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 249-252. Journal for the Study of Old Testament Supplement Series 11. Sheffield, Eng: Journal for the Study of Old Testament Press, 1979. ________. "Notes on the Interpretation of Qoh 6:2." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 91 (1979): 282-89. ________. "Exegetical Problems in Qoheleth." Irish Biblical Studies 10 (1988): 44-59. ________. "A Gloss in Rashbam on Qohelet." Jewish Quarterly Review 86.3-4 (1996): 407-408. Salyer, G. D. "Vain Rhetoric: Implied Author/Narrator/Narratee/ Implied Reader relationship in Ecclesiastes' Use of First-Person Discourse." Ph.D. diss., Graduate Theological Union, 1997. ________. Vain Rhetoric: Private Insight and Public Debate in Ecclesiastes. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement 327. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Salzberg, M. "Septuagintalubersetzung zum Buche Kohelet." Monatschrift für Geschichte und Wissenschaft des Judentums 22 (1873): 168-174. Sandberg, R. N. Rabbinic Views of Qohelet. Mellen Biblical Press Series 57. Lewiston, ME: Edwin Mellen Press, 1999. Sanders, J. T. "Wisdom, Theodicy, Death, and the Evolution of Intellectual Traditions." Journal for the Study of Judaism in the Persian, Hellenistic and Roman Period 36.3 (2005): 263- 277. Sandys, G. A Paraphrase upon the Divine Poems. London: Printed by J. M. for George Sawbridge at the Bible on Ludgate-Hill, 1676. Santo, L. "Nilo D'ancira sull 'Ecclesiaste. Dieci Scoli Sconoscuiti." Biblica 60.2 (1979): 237- 246. Sasson, G. "'Î lakh 'eres se-malkekh na'ar": hasagot hz"l 'al Mispato Sel Selomo." Beth Mikra Quarterly 179 (2004): 191-200. Savignac, J. De. " Sagesse du Qôhéléth et l'Epopée de Gilgamesh." Vetus Testamentum 28.3 (1978): 318-323. Sawyer, J. F. A. "Ruined House in Ecclesiastes 12: A Reconstruction of the Original Parable." Journal of Biblical Literature 94 (1975): 519-531. Scharbert, J. "Die Altersbeschwerden in Der Ägyptischen, Babylonischen Und Biblischen Weisheit." In Lingua Restituta Orientalis: Festgabe für Julius Assfalg, edited by R. Schulz and M. Görg, 289-298. Ägypten und Altes Testament 20. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1990. Scheffler, E. "Archaeology and Wisdom." Old Testament Essays 10.3 (1997): 459-473. Schellenberg, A. Erkenntnis Als Problem: Qohelet Und Die Alttestamentliche Diskussion Um Das Menschliche Erkennen. Orbis Biblicus Et Orientalis 188. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2002. Schiffer, S. Das Buch Kohelet. Nach der Auffassung der Weisen des Talmud und Midrasch und der jüdischen Erklärer des Mittelatlters. Frankfurt/Leipzig, 1884. Schloesser, S. "'A King Is Held Captive in Her Tresses': The Liberating Deconstruction of the Search for Wisdom from Proverbs through Ecclesiastes." In Church Divinity, 1989-1990, edited by J. H. Morgan, 205-228. Church Divinity Monograph Series 8. Bristol, Ind: Wyndham Hall Press, 1990. Schmid, H. H. "Kohelet Als Platzhalter Des Evangeliums: Eine Predigt Zum Semesterbeginn Über Koh 9,11f." In Altes Testament und Christliche Verkündigung: Festschrift für Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Antonius H J Gunneweg zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by M. Oeming and A. Graupner, 412- 415. Stuttgart: W Kohlhammer, 1987. Schmitt, A. "Zwischen Anfechtung, Kritik und Lebensbewaltigung. Zur theologischen Thematik des Buches Kohelet." Trierer theologische Zeitschrift 88 (1979): 114-131. Schneider, D. J. "Ecclesiastes, Twelve Twelve, a Modern Parable of Seminary Life." Covenant Quarterly 29 (1971): 41-42. Schoors, A. "The Particle ki." Old Testament Studies 21 (1981): 240-276. __________. "Kethibh-Qere in Ecclesiastes." In Studia Paulo Naster Oblata 2: Orientalia Antiqua, edited by J. Quaegebeur, 215-222. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 13. Leuven: Peeters, 1982. ________. "La structure litteraire de Qoheleth." Orientalia Lovaniensia Periodica 13 (1982b): 91-116. ________. "Kohelet: Perspectief Op Een Leven Hierna?" In Vie Et Survie Dans Les Civilisations Orientales, edited by A. Théodoridès, P. Naster and J. Ries, 149-157. Acta Orientalia Belgica 3. Leuven: Éditions Peeters, 1983. ________. "Koheleth: A Perspective of Life after Death?" Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 61.4 (1985): 295-303. ________. "The Peshitta of Kohelet and Its Relation to the Septuagint." In After Chalcedon: Studies in Theology and Church History Offered to Prof Albert Van Roey for His Seventieth Birthday, edited by C. Laga, J. A. Munitiz and L. van Rompay, 347-357. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 18. Leuven, Belgium: Departement Oriëntalistiek, 1985. ________. "Emphatic and Asseverative Kî in Koheleth." In Scripta Signa Vocis: Studies about Scripts, Scriptures, Scribes and Languages in the Near East Presented to J. H. Hospers, edited by H. L. J. Vanstiphout, 209-215 Groningen, Netherlands: Egbert Forsten, 1986. ________. "A Third Masculine Singular Taqtul in Biblical Hebrew." In Text and Context: Old Testament and Semitic Studies for F. C. Fensham, edited by W. T. Claassen, 193-200. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series 48. Sheffield, Eng: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1988. ________. "The Use of Vowel Letters in Qoheleth." Ugarit-Forschungen 20 (1988): 277-286. ________. "The Pronouns in Qoheleth." Hebrew Studies 30 (1989): 71-90. ________. The Preacher Sought to Find Pleasing Words: A Study of the Language of Qohelet Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 41. Louvain: Peeters, 1992. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Bitterder Dan De Dood Is De Vrouw (Koh 7,26)." Bijdragen 54.2 (1993): 121-140. _________. "Qoheleth: A Book in a Changing Society." Old Testament Essays 9.1 (1996): 68- 87. ________. "The Verb R'h in the Book of Qoheleth." In "Jedes Ding hat seine Zeit . . .": Studien zur israelitischen und altorientalischen Weisheit: Diethelm Michel zum 65 Geburtstag, edited by E. Otto et al., 227-241. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1996. ________. "Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom: Colloquium Biblicum Lovaniense XLVI (1997)." Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 73.4 (1997): 520-526. ________. "The Word Twb in the Book of Qoheleth." In "Und Mose Schrieb Dieses Lied Auf": Studien zum Alten Testament und zum Alten Orient: Festschrift für Oswald Loretz zur Vollendung seines 70 Lebensjahres mit Beiträgen von Freunden, Schülern und Kollegen, edited by M. Dietrich and I. Kottsieper, 685-700. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 250. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 1998. ________. "Words Typical of Qohelet." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 17-39. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Qoheleth: The Ambiguity of Enjoyment." In Bright Side of Life, E. J. van Wolde, 35-41. Translated by J. Bowden. Concilium 200.4. London: SCM Press, 2000. ________. "(Mis)Use of Intertextuality in Qoheleth Exegesis." In Congress Volume: Oslo 1998, edited by A. Lemaire and M. Saebø, 45-59. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 80. Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2000. ________. "The Verb hayâ in Qoheleth." In Shall Not the Judge of All the Earth Do What Is Right?: Studies on the Nature of God in Tribute to James L. Crenshaw, edited by D. Penchansky and P. L. Redditt, 229-238. Winona Lake, Ind.: Eisenbrauns, 2000. ________. ""L'ambiguita della gioia in Qohelet." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 276-292. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. ________. The Preacher Sought to Find Pleasing Words: A Study of the Language of Qohelet, Part II: Vocabulary. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 143. Louvain: Peeters, 2004. Schubert, M. "Die Selbstbetrachtungen Kohelets: Ein Beitrag Zur Gattungsforschung." In Theologische Versuche, 17, edited by J Rogge and G. Schille, 23-34. Berlin: Evangelische Verlagsanstalt, 1989. ________. Schöpfungstheologie bei Kohelet. Beiträge zur Erforschung des Alten Testaments und des antiken Judedntums 15. Frankfurt am Main/New York: Lang, 1989. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Schulte, A. "Zu Koh. 5,7 u. 8." Biblische Zeitschrift 8 (1910): 4. Schultz, Richard L. "A Sense of Timing: A Neglected Aspect of Qoheleth's Wisdom." In Seeking Out the Wisdom of the Ancients: Essays Offered to Honor Michael V Fox on the Occasion of his Sixty-Fifth Birthday, edited by R. L. Troxel, K. G. Friebel and D. R. Magary, 257-267. Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 2005. Schunck, K. D. "Drei Seleukiden Im Buche Kohelet." Vetus Testamentum 9.2 (1959): 192-201. Schwab, G. M., Sr. "Ecclesiastes and Counsel under the Sun." Journal of Biblical Counseling 15.2 (1997): 7-16. ________. "Woman as the Object of Qohelet's Search." Andrews University Seminary Studies 39.1 (2001): 73-84. Schwartz, M. J. "Koheleth and Camus: Two Views of Achievement." Judaism 35.1 (1986): 29- 34. Schwarzschild, R. "The Syntax of 'Shr in Biblical Hebrew with Special Reference to Qoheleth." Hebrew Studies 31 (1990): 7-39. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, L."Nicht Im Menschen Gründet Das Glück" (Koh 2,24): Kohelet Im Spannungsfeld Jüdischer Weisheit Und Hellenistischer Philosophie. Herders Biblische Studien 2. Freiburg im Br: Herder, 1994. ________. "Kohelet: Stand Und Perspektiven Der Forschung." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst-Schönberger, 5- 38. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. ________. "Via Media: Koh 7,15-18 Und Die Griechisch-Hellenistische Philosophie." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 181-203. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998 ________. "'Bitterer Als Der Tod Ist Die Frau' (Koh 7,26): Zum Argumentationsgang Von Koh 7,25-29." In Textarbeit Studien zu Texten und ihrer Rezeption aus dem Alten Testament und der Umwelt Israels, edited by K. Kiesow and T. Meurer, 443-455. FS Peter Weimar zur Vollendung seines 60. Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, 2003. ________. "Neuere Veröffentlichungen Zum Buch Kohelet (1998-2003)." Theologische Literaturzeitung 128.11 (2003): 1123-1138. ________. "Gefeierte Lebenszeit Bei Kohelet." In Fest: Jenseits des Alltags, edited by Irmtraud Fischer and Christoph Markschies, 133-167. Jahrbuch für Biblische Theologie 18. Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2004. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. Kohelet. Herders Theologischer Kommentar Zum Alten Testament. Wien: Herder, 2004. Scott, R. B. Y. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1965. Scott, R. R. "Qoheleth and Christian Interpretation: An Investigation of the View of God in Ecclesiastes." M.A. Thesis, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, 1985. Scurlock, J. "Ghosts in the Ancient Near East: Weak or Powerful?" Hebrew Union College Annual 68 (1997): 77-96. Sekine, S. "Qohelet als Nihilist." Annual of the Japanese Biblical Institute 17 (1991): 3-54. Seow, C. L. "Qohelet's Autobiography." In Fortunate the Eyes That See: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday, edited by A. B. Beck et al., 275-287. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1995. ________. "Linguistic Evidence and the Dating of Qoheleth." Journal of Biblical Literature 115 (1996): 643-666. ________. "The Socioeconomic Context of 'The Preacher's' Hermeneutic." Princeton Seminary Bulletin 17.2 (1996): 168-195. ________. "'Beyond Them, My Son, Be Warned': The Epilogue of Qoheleth Revisited." In Wisdom, You Are My Sister: Studies in Honor of Roland E Murphy, O Carm, on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, edited by M. L. Barré, 125-141. Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph Series 29. Washington, DC: Catholic Biblical Assoc of America, 1997. ________. "Dangerous Seductress or Elusive Lover: The Woman of Ecclesiastes 7." In Women, Gender, and Christian Community, edited by J D. Douglass and J. F. Kay, 23-33. Louisville, Ky: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1997. ________. Ecclesiastes. Anchor Bible 18C. New York: Doubleday, 1997. ________. "Qohelet's Eschatological Poem." Journal of Biblical Literature 118 (1999): 209- 234. ________. "Beyond Mortal Grasp: The Usage of Hebel in Ecclesiastes." Australian Biblical Review 48 (2000): 1-16. ________. "Rehabilitating 'The Preacher': Qohelet's Theological Reflections in Context." In Papers of the Henry Luce III Fellows in Theology Vol. 4, edited by M. Zyniewicz, 91- 116. Series in Theological Scholarship and Research. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, 2000. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Theology When Everything Is out of Control." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 237-249. Serrano, J. J. "I Saw the Wicked Buried (Ecclesiastes 8:10)." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 16.2 (1954): 168-170. Shaffer, A. "Mesopotamian Background of Qoh 4:9-12." In E L Sukenik Memorial Volume, edited by N. Avigad, et al., 246-250. Eretz-Israel 8. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1967. ________. "New Light on the 'Three-Fold Cord.'" In W F Albright Volume, edited by A. Malamat, 159. Eretz Israel 9. Jerusalem: Jerusalem Exploration Society, 1969. Shank, H. C.. "Qoheleth's World and Life View as Seen in His Recurring Phrases." Westminster Theological Journal 37 (1974): 57-73. Sharp, C. J. "Ironic Representation, Authorial Voice, and Meaning in Qohelet." Biblical Interpretation 12.1 (2004): 37-68. Shead, A. G. "Ecclesiastes from the Outside In." Reformed Theological Review 55 (1996): 24- 37. ________. "Reading Ecclesiastes 'Epilogically.'" Tyndale Bulletin 48.1 (1997): 67-91. Shefi, E. "Ecclesiastes' Treatment of the Concept of Time." Beth Mikra 36 (1990-91): 144-51. Shemesh, A.-O. "Kî 'ôf ha-samayim yôlîkh 'et ha-qôl û-ba'al ha-kenafayim yagîd davar" (Qohelet y,20)." Beit Mikra Quarterly.177 (2004): 156-177. Sheppard, G. T. "Epilogue to Qoheleth as Theological Commentary." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 39 (1977): 182-189. ________. Wisdom as a Hermeneutical Construct: A Study in the Sapientalizing of the Old Testament. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 151. Berlin: de Gruyter,1980. ________. "Canonization: Hearing the Voice of the Same God through Historically Dissimilar Traditions." Ex auditu 1 (1985): 106-114. Sheridan, S. "The Five Megilloth." In Creating the Old Testament: The Emergence of the Hebrew Bible, edited by S. Bigger, 293-317. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989. Sherwood, Y. "'Not with a Bang but a Whimper': Shrunken Apocalypses of the Twentieth Century and the book of Qoheleth.'" In Apocalyptic in History and Tradition, C. Rowland and J. M. T. Barton, 94-116. Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha Supplement Series 43. London: Sheffield Academic Press, 2002. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Shields, M. A. "Ecclesiastes and the End of Wisdom." Tyndale Bulletin 50.1 (1999): 117-139. ________. "Re-Examining the Warning of Eccl XII 12." Vetus Testamentum 50.1 (2000): 123- 127. ________. The End of Wisdom: A Reappraisal of the Historical and Canonical Function of Ecclesiastes. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2006. Shirun-Grumach, I. "Bedeutet 'In Der Hand Des Gottes' Gottesfurcht." In Studies in Egyptology Presented to Miriam Lichtheim, Vol 2, edited by S. Israelit-Groll, 836-852. Jerusalem: Magnes Press, 1990. Shnider, S., and L. Zalcman. "The Righteous Sage: Pleonasm or Oxymoron? (Kohelet 7,16-18)." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 115.3 (2003): 435-439. Short, R. L. A Time to Be Born--A Time to Die: The Images and Insights of Ecclesiastes for Today. New York: Harper & Row, 1973. Siegfried, K. Prediger und Hoheslied übersetzt und erklärt. Handbuch zum Alten Testament II, 3/2. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht, 1898. Simian-Yofre, H. "Conoscere la sapienza Qohelet e Genesi 2-3." In IL Libro del Qohelet: Tradizione, Redazione, Teologica, edited by G. Bellia and A. Passano, 314-336. Cammini nello Spirito: Biblica 44. Milan: Paoline, 2001. Simmons, D. A. "John Cotton's Sermonic Style: The Use of Figures of Repetition." Th.D. diss., Boston University School of Theology, 1995. Sims, S. "Problems with Ecclesiastes." King's Theological Review 12 (1989): 49-51. Sims-Williams, P. "Cuthswith, Seventh-Century Abbess of Inkberrow, near Worcester, and the Wurzburg Manuscript of Jerome on Ecclesiastes." Anglo-Saxon England 5 (1976): 1-21. Singgih, E. G. "An Axe for the Frozen Sea: The Emerging Task of Theolgical Education and the Role of the Librarians." Asia Journal of Theology 12.1 (1998): 193-205. Skehan, P. W. "Acrostic Poem in Sirach 51:13-30." Harvard Theological Review 64 (1971): 387-400. ________. "Wisdom and Ecclesiastes." in Studies in Israelite Poetry and Wisdom, edited by P. W. Skehan, 213-236. Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph Series 1. Washington, D.C.: Catholic Biblical Association, 1971. ________. "Sirach 30:12 and Related Texts." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 36 (1974): 535-542. Skorka, A. "Job Y El Eclesiastés." Cuadernos de Teología 23 (2004): 23-30. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Slemmons, T. M. "Ecclesiastes 12:1-13." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 302-304. Smalley, B. Medieval Exegesis of Wisdom Literature: Essays by Beryl Smalley, edited by R. E. Murphy. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1986. Smelik, K. A. D. "A Re-Interpretation of Ecclesiastes 2,12b." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 385-389. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Smith, D. L. "The Concept of Death in Job and Ecclesiastes." Didaskalia 4.1 (1992): 2-14. Smith, J. E. "The Contradiction Called Man." Lutheran Quarterly 13 (1961): 239-248. Smith, L. L. "Critical Evaluation of the Book of Ecclesiastes." Journal of Bible and Religion 21 (1953): 100-105. Smith, W. "Wisdom in Relationships." Journal of Biblical Counseling 19.2 (2001): 32-41. Smoke, A. B. "A Survey of Wisdom Literature: Job, Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, Psalms." AME Zion Quarterly Review 108.4 (1996): 43-58. Sneed, M. "Wisdom and Class: A Review and Critique." Journal of the American Academy of Religion 62.3 (1994): 651-672. ________. "Qohelet as 'Deconstructionist,'" Old Testament Essays 10 (1997): 303-311. ________. "The Social Location of the Book of Qoheleth." Hebrew Studies 39 (1998): 41-51. ________. "(Dis)Closure in Qohelet: Qohelet Deconstructed." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 27.1 (2002): 115-126. ________. "A Note on Qoh 8,12b-13." Biblica 84.3 (2003): 412-416. ________. "Qohelet and His 'Vulgar' Critics: A Jamesonian Reading." Bible and Critical Theory 1.1 (2004): 501-511. Snyder, G. F. "The Tobspruch in the New Testament." New Testament Studies 23 (1976): 117- 120. Solé I Auguets, C. Déu, Una Paraula Sempre Oberta: El Concepte De Déu En El Qohèlet. Collectà nia Sant Pacià 65. Barcelona: Facultat de Teologia de Catalunya, 1999. Song, C.-S. "Ecclesiastes 3:1-8: An Asian Perspective." In Return to Babel: Global Perspectives on the Bible, edited by P. Pope-Levison and J. R. Levison, 87-92. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Spangenberg, I. J. J. "Poems about Death in the Book of Ecclesiastes." D.Th. diss., University of South Africa, 1987. ________. "Die Prediker Se Uitsprake Oor En Uitkyk Op Die Dood." Scriptura 27 (1988): 29- 37. ________. "Die Struktuur en stekkening van Prediker 4:17-5:6," Nederduits Gereformeerde Teologiese Tydskrif 30 (1989): 260-69. ________. "Quotations in Ecclesiastes: An Appraisal," Old Testament Essays 4 (1991): 19-35. ________. Die Boek Prediker. Skrifuitleg vir Bybelstdent en Gemeente. Kaapstad: N. G. Kerk- Uitgewers, 1993. ________. "Irony in the Book of Qohelet." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 72 (1996): 57-69. ________. "Psalm 49 and the Book of Qohelet." Skrif en kerk 18.2 (1997): 328-344. ________. "A Century of Wrestling with Qohelet: The Research History of the Book Illustrated with a Discussion of Qoh 4,17-5,6." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 61-91. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Spieckermann, H. "Suchen Und Finden: Kohelets Kritische Reflexionen." Biblica 79.3 (1998): 305-332. Spina, F. A. "Qoheleth and the Reformation of Wisdom." In Quest for the Kingdom of God: Studies in Honor of George E. Mendenhall, edited by H. B. Huffmon, F. A. Spina and A. R. W. Green, 267-279. Winona Lake, Ind: Eisenbrauns, 1983. Spurgeon, C. H. My Sermon- Notes: From Ecclesiastes to Malachi. New York: Robert Carter, 1885. Stachel, G. "'Ein Auge, Eine Sehkraft, Ein Erkennen, Ein Lieben': Vom Menschen, Der Sich Selber Tot Und Mit Dem Ewigen Vater Eines Ist Die Predigt 12 'Qui Audit Me' Des Meister Eckhart." Theologische Quartalschrift 176.3 (1996): 217-225. Staerk, D. W. "Zur Exegese von Koh 10:20 and 11:1." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 59 (1942): 216-218. Stains, D. "Gregory of Nazianzen's Ascetic Interpretation of Ecclesiastes 2 as a Precedent for Gregory of Nyssa's Condemnation of Slavery in His Homily IV." Proceedings (Eastern Great Lakes Biblical Society) 16 (1996): 85-94. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Staples, W. E. "The 'Vanity' of Ecclesiastes" Journal of Near Eastern Studies 2.2 (1943): 95- 104. ________. "'Profit' in Ecclesiastes." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 4.2 (1945): 87-96. ________. "Vanity of Vanities." Canadian Journal of Theology 1 (1955): 141-156. ________. "The Meaning of hepes in Ecclesiastes." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 24.1-2 (1965): 110-112. Starowieyski, M. "Le Livre De L'ecclésiaste Dans L'antiquité Chrétienne." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 405-440. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Stec, D. M. "The Recent English Translation of the Targumim to Job, Proverbs and Qohelet: A Review." Journal of Semitic Studies 39 (1994): 161-181. Steinemann, J. Ainsi parlait Qohelet. Lire la Bible 38. Paris: Cerf, 1955. Stephanus, I. "Eclesiastés O Qohelet Y Una Propuesta De Hermenéutica Para La Ciudad a Partir Del Rock Nacional." Cuadernos de teología 14.2 (1995): 7-13. Stewart, J. S. "Ecclesiastes and the Christian Preacher: An Exercise in Sermon Preparation." Congregational Quarterly 29 (1951): 120-127. Steyn, J. J. "Die Boek Prediker: Alles Is Nie Sinloos Nie!" Skrif en kerk 21.2 (2000): 326-334. Stiglmair, A. "Weisheit und Jahweglaube im Buche Kohelet." Trierer theologische Zeitschrift 83 (1974): 257-283. Stitskin, L. D. "Abraham Ibn Ezra's Concept of Man." Tradition 4 (1962): 252-256. Stock, R. D. "Johnson Ecclesiastes." Christianity and Literature 34.4 (1985): 15-24. Stohlmann, S. C. "Everything Beautiful in Its Time: A Meditation on Ecclesiastes or the Preacher 3:1-15." Concordia Journal 7.5 (1981): 178-181. Stone, E. "Old Man Koheleth." Journal of Bible and Religion 10.2 (1942): 98-102. Stramare, T. "Il Libro Dell'ecclesiastico Nella Neo-Volgata." In Kirche Und Bibel: Festgabe für Bischof Eduard Schick, edited by O. Böcher, 443-448. Paderborn: Ferdinand Schönigh, 1979. Strange, M. "The Question of Moderation in Ecclesiastes 7:15-18," D.Sac.Th. diss., Catholic University of American, 1969. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Strauss, H. "ErwäGungen Zur Seelsorgerlichen Dimension Von Kohelet 12,1-7." Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche 78.3 (1981): 267-275. Strobel, A. Das Buch Prediger (Kohelet). Die Welt der Bibel. KK 9. Dusseldorf: Patmos-Verlag. 1967. Strothmann, W. "Das Buch Kohelet Und Seine Syrischen Ausleger." In Erkenntnisse Und Meinungen, 1, edited by G. Wiessner, 189-238. Göttinger Orientforschungen, 1ste Reihe, Syriaca Bd 3. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1973. ________. "Der Kohelet-Kommentar Des Theodor Von Mopsuestia." In Religion Im Erbe Ägyptens: Beiträge zur Spätantiken Religionsgeschichte zu Ehren von Alexander Böhlig, edited by Manfred Görg, 186-196. Ägypten und Altes Testament 14. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1988. Strothmann, W. (ed.). Das syrische Fragment des Ecclesiastes-Kommentars von Theodor von Mopsuestia: Syrischer Text mit vollstandigem Worterverzeichnis. Gottinger Orientforschungen 1. Reihe: Syriaca, 28. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1988. Strothmann, W. (ed.). Syrische Katenen aus dem Ecclesiastes-Kommentars des Theodore von Mopsuestia. Gottinger Orientforschungen 1. Reihe: Syriaca, 29. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1988. Stuart, M. A Commentary on Ecclesiastes. New York: G P Putnam, 1851. ________. A Commentary on Ecclesiastes. Edited and revised by R. D. C. Robbins. Boston: Gould & Lincoln, 1862. Sundermeier, T. "Untersuchungen Zum Neuen Und Alten Testament." Evangelische Theologie 50.4 (1990): 273-356. Surburg, R. "Eleventh Sunday after Pentecost: Ecclesiastes 1:1; Eccl 2:18-26." Concordia Theological Quarterly 47 (1983): 53-54. Talstra, E. "Second Isaiah and Qohelet: Could One Get Them on Speaking Terms?" In New Things: Eschatology in Old Testament Prophecy: Festschrift for Henk Leene, edited by F. Postma, K. Spronk and E. Talstra, 225-236. Amsterdamse Cahiers Voor Exegese van de Bijbel en Zijn Tradities Supplement Series 3. Maastricht: Uitgeverij Shaker Pub, 2002. Tamez, E. "Cuándo Los Horizontes Se Cierran: Una Reflexión Sobre La Razón Utópica De Qohélet." Cristianismo y sociedad 33.1 (1995): 7-18. ________. "The Preacher & the New World Order: Ecclesiastes Teaches Survival in a World of Closed Options." Other Side 31 (1995): 22-28. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Living Wisely in the Midst of Absurdity: Meditations from the Book of Ecclesiastes." Church & Society 86 (1996): 28-42. ________. "When Horizons Close: A Reflection on the Utopian Ratio of Qoheleth." In Future of Theology: Essays in Honor of Jürgen Moltmann, edited by M. Volf, C. Krieg and T. Kucharz, 207-220. Translated by R. R. Barr. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1996. ________. "When the Horizons Close Upon Themselves: A Reflection on the Utopian Reason of Qohélet." In Liberation Theologies, Postmodernity, and the Americas, edited by D. B. Batstone, 53-68. Translated by P. Lange-Churión. New York: Routledge, 1997. ________. When the Horizons Close: Rereading Ecclesiastes. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Bks, 2000. ________. "Da Hasste Ich Das Leben": Eine Lektüre Des Buches Kohelet. Luzern: Edition Exodus, 2001. ________. "Ecclesiastes 3:1-8: A Latin American Perspective." In Return to Babel: Global Perspectives on the Bible, edited by P. Pope-Levison and J. R.Levison, 75-79. Translated by G. Kinsler. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999. ________. "Ecclesiastes: A Reading from the Periphery." Interpretation 55.3 (2001): 250-259. Taradach, M.. "La Figure Insolite De Salomon Dans Tgqo 1.12 Dans Les Talmuds Et Quelques Midrasim." In Tradició I Traducció De La Paraula: Miscel·lània Guiu Camps, edited by F. Raurell, D. Roure and P.-R. Tragan, 325-335. Scripta et Documenta 47. Montserrat: Publications de l'Abadia de Montserrat, 1993. Taradach, M., and J. Ferrer. Un Targum De Qohéleth: Ms M-2 De Salamanca: Editio Princeps: Texte Araméen, Traduction Et Commentaire Critique. Monde De La Bible 38. Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1998. Taylor, C. The Dirge of Coheleth in Ecclesiastes XII: Discussed and Literally Interpreted. Edinburgh: Williams and Norgate, 1874. Taylor, C. "The Dirge of Coheleth." The Jewish Quarterly Review 4.4 (1892): 533-549. Taylor, M. A.. "Working with Wisdom Literature: Joseph Hall and William Henry Green." In Solomon's Divine Arts, edited by G. T. Sheppard, 38-57. Pilgrim Classic Commentaries. Cleveland: Pilgrim Press, 1991. Templeton, D. A. "A 'Farced Epistol' To a Sinking Sun of David: Ecclesiastes and Finnegans Wake: The Sinoptic View." In Text as Pretext: Essays in Honour of Robert Davidson, edited by R. P. Carroll, 282-290. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament: Supplement Series 138. Sheffield, Eng: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1992. Terry, M. S. "Studies in Koheleth." Methodist Review 70 (1888): 365-375. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Thomas, D. W. "Note on Bemada'aka in Ecclesiastes 10:20." Journal of Theological Studies 50.199-200 (1949): 177. Thurn, H. "Zum Text Des Hieronymus-Kommentars Zum Kohelet." Biblische Zeitschrift 33.2 (1989): 234-244. Tigay, J. H. "On Evaluating Claims of Literary Borrowing." In Tablet and the Scroll: Near Eastern Studies in Honor of William W. Hallo, edited by M. E. Cohen, D. C. Snell and D. B.Weisberg, 250-255. Bethesda, Md: CDL Press, 1993. Tinker, M. "Evil, Evangelism and Ecclesiastes." Themelios 28.2 (2003): 4-15. Tin-Sheung, W. "Qoheleth 1:3-11: Prose or Poetry?" Jian Dao 14 (2000): 25-47. Tita, H. "Ist Die Thematische Einheit Koh 4,17-5,6 Eine Anspielung Auf Die Salomoerzählung? Aporien Der Religionskritischen Interpretation." Biblische Notizen 84 (1996): 87-102. Todd, J. E. "The Caper-Berry (Eccles. Xii.5)." Journal of the Society of Biblical Literature and Exegesis 6.2 (1886): 13-26. Toorn, K. van der. "Did Ecclesiastes Copy Gilgamesh?" Bible Review 16.1 (2000): 23-26, 28-30. ________. "Echoes of Gilgamesh in the Book of Qohelet?: A Reassessment of the Intellectual Sources of Qohelet." In Veenhof Anniversary Volume: Studies Presented to Klaas R. Veenhof on the Occasion of His Sixty-Fifth Birthday, edited by W H. Van Soldt, 503-514. Uitgaven van het Nederlands Historisch-Archaeologisch Instituut te Istanbul 89. Leiden: Nederlands Instituut voor het Nabije Oosten, 2001. Topping, E. C. "Patriarchal Prejudice and Pride in Greek Christianity: Some Notes on Origins." Journal of Modern Greek Studies 1.1 (1983): 7-17. Torrey, C. C. "The Question of the Original Language of Qoheleth." Jewish Quarterly Review 39 (1948): 151-160. ________. "Problem of Ecclesiastes 4:13-16." Vetus Testamentum 2.2 (1952): 175-177. Trible, P. "Ecclesiastes." In The Books of the Bible: The Old Testament Vol. 1, edited by B. W. Anderson, 231-39. New York: Scribner's, 1989. ________. "A Striving after Wind." St Mark's Review 191 (2002): 3-5. Tyler, L. R. "The Language of Ecclesiastes as a Criterion for Dating." Ph.D. diss., Univerity of Texas, 1988. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Tyler, T. Ecclesiastes: A Contribution to its Interpretation, Containing an Introduction to the Book, and Exegetical Analysis, and a Translation with Notes. London: Williams & Norgate, 1874. ________. "Siegfried on Ecclesiastes and Canticles." The Jewish Quarterly Review 11.1 (1898): 176-182. ________. Ecclesiastes: An Introduction to the Book, an Exegetical Analysis, and a Translation, with Notes. 2d ed. London: David Nutt, 1899. Uehlinger, C. "Qohelet Im Horizont Mesopotamischer, Levantinischer Und Ägyptischer Weisheitsliteratur Der Persischen Und Hellenistischen Zeit." In Das Buch Kohelet: Studien zur Struktur, Geschicht, Rezeption und Theologie, edited by L. Schwienhorst- Schönberger, 155-247. Berlin/New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997. Ullendorff, E. "Meaning of Qhlt." Vetus Testamentum 12.2 (1962): 215-215. Ulrich, E. C. "Ezra and Qoheleth Manuscripts from Qumran (4qezra and 4qqoha,B)." In Priests, Prophets and Scribes: Essays on the Formation and Heritage of Second Temple Judaism in Honour of Joseph Blenkinsopp, edited by R. P. Carroll et al., 139-157. Sheffield, Eng: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1992. Umbreit, F. W. C. "Die Einheit des Buches Koheleth." ThStK 30 (1857): 7-56. Unmack, E. C. "Das Buch Des Predigers: Des Lebens Sinn." Evangelical Quarterly 6.2 (1934): 211-215. Urrutia, H. E. "El Mensaje Del Remanente Final En Los Libros Sapienciales." In Pensar La Iglesia Hoy: Hacia Una Eclesiología Adventista: Estudios Teológicos Presentados Durante el IV Simposio Biblico-Teológico Sudamericano en Honor a Raoul Dederen, edited by G. A. Klingbeil, M. Klingbeil and M. Á. Núñez, 71-92. Libertador San Martín, Entre Ríos: Editorial Universidad Adventista del Plata, 2002. Vaccari, A. "Ecclesiastico, 37:10-11: Critica Ed Esegesi." In Miscelanea Biblica Andrés Fernández, edited by J. Saguës, S. Bartina and M. Quera, 705-713. Estudios Eclesiasticos 34. Madrid: Ediciones Fax, 1960. Vaihinger, J. G. "Plan and Structure of the Book of Ecclesiastes." Methodist Review 31 (1849): 173-185. ________. "Plan and Structure of the Book of Ecclesiastes." Methodist Review 31 (1849): 417- 429. Vajda, G. "Quelques Observations En Marge Du Commentaire D'isaac Ibn Ghiyath Sur L'ecclésiaste." In Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Volume of the Jewish Quarterly Review, A. A. Neuman and S. Zeitlin, 518-527. Philadelphia: Jewish Quarterly Review, 1967. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. Deux commentaries Karaites sur l'Ecclesiaste. Études Sur Le Judaisme Medieval 4. Leiden: Brill, 1971. ________. "Ecclésiaste 12:2-7 Interprété Par Un Auteur Juif D'andalousie Du Xie Siècle." Journal of Semitic Studies 27 (1982): 33-46. ________. "Die Relevansie Van Die Boek Prediker." Hervormde Teologiese studies 45 (1989): 557-572. Vall, G. "The Enigma of Job 1:21a." Biblica 76.3 (1995): 325-342. Van Hoomissen, G. "'Et je fais l'eloge de la joie' (Qoh 8, 15)." Lumen Vitae 43.1 (1988): 37-46. van Niekerk, M. J. H. "Response to J. A. Loader's Different reactions of Job and Qoheleth to the Doctrine of Retribution." Old Testament Essays 4.1 (1991): 97-105. _________. "Qohelet's Advice to the Young of His Time and to Ours Today? Chapter 11:7-12:8 as a Text of the pre-Christian Era." Old Testament Essays 7.3 (1994): 370-380. Varela, A. "A New Aproach to Eccl 5:8-9," Bible Translator 27 (1976): 240-241. Vawter, B. "Intimations of Immortality in the Old Testament." Journal for Biblical Literature 91 (1972): 158-171. Vegni, L'Ecclesiaste secondo il testo ebraico. Florenz. Vergote, J. "La notion de Dieu dans les livres de sagesse egyptiens." SPOA (1963): 159-190. Verheij, A. J. C. "Paradise Retried: On Qohelet 2:4-6." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 50 (1991): 113-115. Vermeylen, J. "Foi Traditionnelle Et Culture Nouvelle: Un Précédent Biblique." In Cultures Et Théologies En Europe: Jalons pour un Dialogue, edited by J. Vermeylen, 13-42. Théologies. Paris: Cerf, 1995. Vignolo, R. "Maschera e sindrome regale: interpretazione ironico-psicanalitica di Qoh 1,12- 2,26." Teologia 26 (2001): 12-64. _________. "La poetica ironica di Qohelet: Contributo allo sviluppo di un orientamento critico." Teologia 25 (2000): 217-240. Vílchez, J. "Lengua Original De Qohélet." Estudios Bíblicos 50.1-4 (1992): 553-564. ________. Eclesiastés O Qohélet. Nueva Biblia Española. Estella, Spain: Verbo Divino, 1994. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Vinel, F. "Salomon, L'ecclésiaste: Exégèses D'un Nom." In Kata Tous O' Selon Les Septante: Trente Études sur la Bible Grecque des Septante en Hommage à Marguerite Harl, edited by G. Dorival and O. Munnich, 499-512. Paris: Cerf, 1995. ________. "Accumulation De eoti Dans L'ecclésiaste: Brouillage Du Sens Ou Force Rhétorique?" In IX Congress of the International Organization for Septuagint and Cognate Studies: Cambridge, 1995, edited by B. A. Taylor, 391-401. Septuagint and Cognate Studies Series 45. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1997. ________. "Que Reste-T-Il Des Homélies Sur L'ecclésiaste De Grégoire De Nysse Dans Les Chaînes sur L'ecclésiaste." In Studia Patristica, 32: Athanasius and His Opponents, Cappadocian Fathers, Other Greek Writers After Nicaea, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 220-225. Louvain: Peeters, 1997. ________. "Le Texte Grec De L'eccléSiaste Et Ses CaractéRistiques: Une Relecture Critique De L'histoire De La Royauté." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 283-302. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Vischer, W. Der Prediger Salomo. Munchen, 1926. Viviers, H. "Nie 'N Kans Vat of 'N Kans Vermy Nie, Maar Alle Kanse Benut! 'N Sosio- Retoriese Waardering Van Prediker 11:1-6." Skrif en kerk 18.2 (1997): 365-379. Vogel, D. "Koheleth and the Modern Temper." Tradition 2.1 (1959): 82-92. ________. "Koheleth and the Modern Temper." Jewish Bible Quarterly 25.3 (1997): 143-149. ________. "The Legacy of Two Adams." Jewish Bible Quarterly 33.1 (2005): 3-12. Vogels, W. "Performance vaine et performance saine chez Qohelet." La nouvelle revue theologique 113 (1991): 363-385. Vogt, E. "Fragmentum Qohelet Ex Qumran." Biblica 36.2 (1955): 265-266. Vonach, A. "Gottes Souveränität Anerkennen: Zum Verständnis Der "Kanonformel" In Koh 3,14." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 391-397. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. ________. "Der Ton Macht Die Musik: Vorgaben Und Normen Der Exegese Bei Hieronymus Und in Der Rabbinischen Tradition." Biblische Notizen 97 (1999): 37-44. Vriezen, Th C. "Prediker En De Achtergrond Van Zijn Wijsheid." Nederlands Theologisch Tijdschrift 1.1 (1946): 3-14. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Prediker En De Achtergrond Van Zijn Wijsheid (Vervolg)." Nederlands theologisch tijdschrift 1.2 (1946): 65-84. ________. "The Translator and Textual Criticism (with Particular Reference to Eccl 2:25)." Biblica 60.4 (1979): 509-529. Waard, J. de. "The Translator and Textual Criticism (with Particular Reference to Eccl 2,25)." Biblica 60 (1979): 509-529. ________. "The Structure of Qoheleth." in Proceedings of the 8th World Congress of Jewish Studies. 57-63. Jerusalem: Magnes, 1982. Wachten, J. Midrasch-Analyse: Strukturen Im Midrasch Qohelet Rabba. Hildesheim: Georg Olms, 1978. Wahl, H. M. "Zweifel, Freude Und Gottesfurcht Als Glaubensgewissheit: Zum Aspektivischen Denken Kohelets." Theologische Zeitschrift 56.1 (2000): 1-20. Wahl, O. Der Proverbien- Und Kohelet-Text Der Sacra Parallela. Wurzburg: Echter Verlag, 1985. Wal, A. J. O. van der. "Qohelet 12:1a: A Relatively Unique Statement in Israel's Wisdom Tradition." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 413-418. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Waldenfels, H. "Sprechsituationen: Leid - Ver-Nicht-Ung - Geheimnis: Zum Buddhistischen Und Christlichen Sprechverhalten." In Fernöstliche Weisheit Und Christlicher Glaube: Festgabe für Heinrich Dumoulin, edited by H. Waldenfels and T. Immoos, 289-312. Mainz, West Germany: Matthias Grünewald Verlag, 1985. Waldman, N. M. "Hebrew 'oz and the Divine Aura." Gratz College Annual of Jewish Studies 1 (1972): 7-13. ________. "The dabar ra' of Eccl 8:3." Journal of Biblical Literature 98.3 (1979): 407-408. Wallis, G. "Das ZeitverstäNdnis Des Predigers Salomo." In Meilenstein: Festgabe für Herbert Donner zum 16 Februar 1995, edited by M. Weippert and S. Timm, 316-323. Ägypten und Altes Testament 30. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1995. Walsh, J. T. "Despair as a Theological Virtue in the Spirituality of Ecclesiastes." Biblical Theology Bulletin 12 (1982): 46-49. Wardlaw, R. Lectures; Experimental and Practical, on the Book of Ecclesiastes. 1868. Watson, R. "Benevolence: A Sermon." Methodist Review 11.12 (1828): 441-454. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Webb, B. G. Five Festal Garments: Christian Reflections on the Song of Songs, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes and Esther New Studies in Biblical Theology 10. Leicester: Apollos, 2000. Weeks, S. "Whose Words: Qoheleth, Hosea and Attribution in Biblical Literature." In New Heaven and New Earth--Prophecy and the Millennium: Essays in Honour of Anthony Gelston, edited by P. J. Harland and C. T. R. Hayward, 151-170. Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 77. Leiden: E J Brill, 1999. Weinberg, J. P. "Authorship and Author in the Ancient near East and in the Hebrew Bible." Hebrew Studies 44 (2003): 157-169. Weir, J. E. "The Perfect Way: A Study of Wisdom Motifs in Psalm 101." Evangelical Quarterly 53 (1981): 54-59. Weisman, Z. "Elements of Political Satire in Koheleth 4,13-16; 9,13-16." Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 111.4 (1999): 547-560. Weiss, J. M. "Ecclesiastes and Erasmus: The Mirror and the Image." Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 65 (1974): 83-108. Weiss, J. P. "Les Sources Du Commentaire Sur L'eccléSiaste Du Pseudo-Salonius." In Studia Patristica, Vol 12: Papers Presented to the 6th International Conference on Patristic Studies Held at Oxford, 1971, Pt 1, edited by E. A. Livingstone, 178-183. Texte u Untersuchungen z Geschichte d Altchristlichen Literatur 115. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1975. Wernik, U. "Will the Real Homosexual in the Bible Please Stand Up?" Theology & Sexuality 11.3 (2005): 47-64. Wezniak, J. T. "The 'Ecclesiastes' of Erasmus: A call for Unity," Ph.D. diss., State University of NY at Buffalo, 1995. White, G. "Luther on Ecclesiastes and the Limits of Human Ability." Neue Zeitschrift für systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie 29.2 (1987): 180-194. Whitley, C. F. Koheleth: His Language and Thought. Beihefte zur Zeitschrift für die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 148. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1979. ________."Koheleth and Ugaritic Parallels." Ugarit-Forschungen 11 (1980): 810-824. ________. "A Reply to Dr S. C. Reif." Vetus Testamentum 32.3 (1982): 344-346. Whybray, R. N. "Qoheleth the Immoralist (Qoh 7:16-17)." In Israelite Wisdom: Theological and Literary Essays in Honor of Samuel Terrien, edited by J. G. Gammie, 191-204. Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press, 1978. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Conservatisme Et Radicalisme Dans Qohelet." In Sagesse et Religion: Colloque de Strasbourg (octobre 1976), edited by E. Jacob, 65-81. Travaux du Centre d'Etudes Supérieures d'Histoire des Religions. Paris, France: Press Universitaires de France, 1979. ________. Two Jewish Theologies: Job and Ecclesiastes. Hull: University of Hull, 1980. ________. "The Identification and Use of Quotations in Ecclesiastes." In Congress Volume: Vienna, 1980, edited by J. A. Emerton, 455-461. Leiden: E J Brill, 1981. ________. "Qoheleth, Preacher of Joy." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 23 (1982): 87-98. ________. "Ecclesiastes 1:5-7 and the Wonders of Nature." Journal for the Study of the Old Testament 41 (1988): 105-112. ________. Ecclesiastes. Old Testament Guides. Sheffield: Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Press, 1989. ________. Ecclesiastes. New Century Bible Commentary. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1989. ________. "The Social World of the Wisdom Writers." In World of Ancient Israel: Sociological, Anthropological and Political Perspectives, edited by R. E. Clements, 227-250. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. ________. "'A Time to Be Born and a Time to Die': Some Observations on Ecclesiastes 3:2-8." In Near Eastern Studies Dedicated to H I H Prince Takahito Mikasa on the Occasion of His Seventy-Fifth Birthday, edited by M. Mori, H. Ogawa and M. Yoshikawa, 469-483. Bulletin of the Middle Eastern Culture Center in Japan 5. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1991. ________. "Qoheleth as a Theologian." In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 239-265. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Wickham, L. R. "Homily IV." In Gregory of Nyssa, Homilies on Ecclesiastes: An English Version with Supporting Studies, Proceedings of the Seventh International Colloquium on Gregory of Nyssa (St Andrews, 5-10 September 1990), edited by S. G. Hall, 177-184. Berlin/New York: de Gruyter, 1993. Wiersbe, W. W. Be Satisfied: Ecclesiastes. Amersham, England: Victor Books, 1990. Wijngaards, J. N. M. "Awe-Inspiring Reality of Christ's Silence." Indian Journal of Theology 24 (1975): 132-142. Wildeboer, D. G. "Der Prediger erklärt." In Die funf Megillot. 109-681. Leipzig: J. C. B. Mohr, 1898. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Willey, T. "Qoheleth and the Clergaholic." Christian Ministry 20 (1989): 6-7. Williams, J. G. "What Does It Profit a Man: The Wisdom of Koheleth." Judaism 20 (1971): 179- 193. ________. "Proverbs and Ecclesiastes." In Literary Guide to the Bible, edited by R. Alter and F. Kermode, 263-282. Cambridge, Mass: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1987. Williams, N. D. "A Biblical theology of Ecclesiastes." Th.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1984. Willmes, B. Menschliches Schicksal Und Ironische Weisheitskritik Im Koheletbuch: Kohelets Ironie Und Die Grenzen Der Exegese. Biblisch-Theologische Studien 39. Neukirchen- Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag, 2000. Wilson, G. H. "'The Words of the Wise': The Intent and Significance of Qohelet 12:9-14." Journal of Biblical Literature 103 (1984): 175-192. Wilson, L. "The Place of Wisdom in Old Testament Theology." Reformed Theological Review 49.2 (1990): 60-69. ________. "Artful Ambiguity in Ecclesiastes 1,1-11: A Wisdom Technique?" In Qohelet in the Context of Wisdom, edited by A. Schoors, 357-365. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium 136. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1998. Wise, M. O. "A Calque from Aramaic in Qoheleth 6:12, 7:12, and 8:13." Journal of Biblical Literature 109 (1990): 249-257. Witzenrath, H. H. "Süß ist das Licht . . . " Eine literaturwissenschaftliche Untersuchung zu Koh 11,7-12,7. Arbeiten zu Text und Sprache im Alten Testament 11. St. Ottilien: EOS, 1979. Wolfe, L. M. "Farley's Answer to Qohelet." Journal of Theology (United Theological Seminary) 108 (2004): 15-28. ________. "Seeing Gives Rise to Disbelieving: Qohelet's 'Absurd' (Hbl) Search for Divine Justice." Proceedings - Eastern Great Lakes and Midwest Biblical Societies 24 (2004): 35-43. Wölfel, E. Luther Und Die Skepsis: Eine Studie Zur Kohelet-Exegese Luthers. Forschungen zur Geschichte und Lehre des Protestantismus10 Reihe 12. Munich: Chr Kaiser, 1958. Wong, T.-S. "Qoheleth 1:3-11: Prose or Poetry?" Jian Dao 14 (2000): 25-47. Wood, D. "Ecclesiastes: Millennium Gospel?" Epworth Review 26.3 (1999): 25-33. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Woudstra, S. "Koheleth's Reflections on Life" Th. M. thesis, Westminster Theological Seminary, 1959. Wright, A. G. "Riddle of the Sphinx: The Structure of the Book of Qoheleth." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 30 (1968): 313-334. ________. "Numerical Patterns." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 42 (1980): 38-51. ________. "The Riddle of the Sphinx Revisited: Numerical Patterns in the Book of Qoheleth." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 42 (1980): 38-51. ________. "'For Everything There Is a Season': The Structure and Meaning of the Fourteen Opposites (Ecclesiastes 3,2-8)." In De la Torah au Messie: Melanges Henri Cazelles, edited by J. Dore et al., 321-328. Paris: Desclee, 1981. ________. "Additional Numerical Patterns in Qoheleth." Catholic Biblical Quarterly 45 (1983): 32-43. ________. "The Poor but Wise Youth and the Old but Foolish King (Qoh 4:13-16)." In Wisdom, You Are My Sister: Studies in Honor of Roland E Murphy, O Carm, on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday, edited by M. L. Barré, 142-154. Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph Series 29. Washington, DC: Catholic Biblical Assoc of America, 1997. Wright, C. H. H. The Book of Koheleth Considered in Relation to Modem Criticism, and to the Doctrines of Modem Pessimism, with a Critical and Grammatical Commentary, and a Revised Translation. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1883. Wright, J. R. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon. Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2005. Wright, J. S. "The Interpretation of Ecclesiastes." Evangelical Quarterly 18.1 (1946): 18-34. ________. "Ecclesiastes." In The Expositor's Bible Commentary, vol. 5. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1991. Wright, T. R. "The Writings in the Church: T S Eliot, Ecclesiastes and the Four Quartets." In Writing the Bodies of Christ: The Church from Carlyle to Derrida, edited by J. Schad, 25-39. Aldershot/Burlington/Singapore/Sydney: Ashgate, 2001. Wyngaarden, M. F. "The Interpretation of Ecclesiastes." Calvin Forum 20 (1953-55): 157-60. Yancey, P. "Ecclesiastes: The High Counterpoint of Boredom." Reformed Journal 40 (1990): 14-19. ________. "Ecclesiastes: Telling It Like It Is." Reformed Journal 40 (1990): 14-19. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 Yoreh, T. "U-l-simhah, mah zoh 'osah? (Qohelet B, 2)." Beit Mikra Quarterly 167 (2001): 353- 370. Young, L. Ecclesiastes. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Publication 1865. Youngblood, R. F. "Qoheleth's 'Dark House' (Eccl 12:5)." Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 29.4 (1986): 397-410. ________. "Qoheleth's "Dark House" (Eccles 12:5)." In Tribute to Gleason Archer, edited by Walter C. Kaiser Jr and Ronald F. Youngblood, 211-227. Chicago, Ill: Moody Press, 1986. Zapletal, V. Das Buch Kohelet kritisch und metrisch untersucht. Übersetzt und erkärt. Freiburg, (Schweiz): Kommissionsverlag der Universitäts-Buchhandlung (O. Gschwend), 1905). Zeitlin, S. "An Historical Study of the Canonization of the Hebrew Scriptures." Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 3 (1931/32): 121-158. Ziegler, J. "Der Gebrauch Des Artikels in Der Septuaginta Des Ecclesiastes." In Studien Zur Septuaginta - Robert Hanhart Zu Ehren: Aus Anlass Seines 65 Geburtstages, edited by D. Fraenkel, U. Quast and J. W. Wevers, 83-120. Mitteilungen des Septuaginta- Unternehmens 20. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1990. Zimmer, T. Zwischen Tod Und Lebensglück: Eine Untersuchung Zur Anthropologie Kohelets. Beiheft Zur Zeitschrift für Die Alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 286. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1999. Zimmerli, W. Das Buch des Predigers Salomo. Das Alte Testament Deutsch 16,1 Gottingen: Vanderhoeck und Ruprecht, 1962. _________. "The Place and Limit of Wisdom in the Framework of the Old Testament Theology." Scottish Journal of Theology 17 (1964): 146-158. _________. "Das Buch Kohelet--Traktat oder Sentenzensammlung?" Vetus Testamentum 24 (1974): 221-230. ________. "Zum Problem Der Mitte Des Alten Testamentes." Evangelische Theologie 35 (1975): 97-118. ________. "'Unveränderbare Welt' Oder 'Gott Ist Gott': Ein Plädoyer Für Die Unaufgebbarkeit Des Predigerbuches in Der Bibel." In "Wenn Nicht Jetzt, Wann Dann": Aufsätze für Hans-Joachim Kraus zum 65 Geburtstag, Hans Georg Geyer et al., 103-114. Neukirchen- Vluyn, Germany: Neukirchener Verlag, 1983. Zimmermann, F. "The Root KAHAL in Some Scripture Passages." Journal of Biblical Literature 50 (1931): 311-312. Eccl Bibliography 12-11-07 ________. "Notes on Some Difficult Old Testament Passages." Journal of Biblical Literature 55, (1936): 303-308. ________. "The Aramaic Provenance of Qohelet." Jewish Quarterly Review 36.1 (1945): 17-45. ________. "Question of Hebrew in Qohelet." Jewish Quarterly Review 40 (1949): 79-102. ________. The Inner World of Qohelet. New York: KTAV, 1973. ________. Inner World of Qohelet: With Translation and Commentary. New York: Ktav, 1973. Zlotowitz, M. Ecclesiastes: A New Translation with a commentary Anthologised from Talmudic, Midrashic and Rabbinic Sources. Artscroll Tanakh Series. New York: Mesorah Publications, 1988. Zschoch, H. "Martin Luthers Argumentation Mit Eccl 7,21 in Der Auseinandersetzung Mit Jacobus Latomus." Lutherjahrbuch 60 (1993): 17-38. Zuck, R. B. "A Biblical Theology of the Wisdom Books and the Song of Songs." in A Biblical Theology of the Old Testament, edited by R. B. Zuck, 211-213. Chicago: Moody, 1991. ________. "God and Man in Ecclesiastes." Bibliotheca sacra 148 (1991): 46-56. ________. Reflecting with Solomon: Selected Studies on the Book of Ecclesiastes. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1994.

- Labuschagne Casper J. , Numerical Secrets of the Bible . Rediscovering the Bible Codes , 2000 , p.138-140 .

Literatuur
Liturgisch gebruik

ALGEMEEN OVERZICHT

- OT : Gn (Genesis) , Ex (Exodus) , Lv (Leviticus) , Nu (Numeri) , Dt (Deuteronomium) , Joz (Jozua) , Re (Rechters) , Rt (Ruth) , 1 S (1 Samuël) , 2 S (2 Samuël) , 1 K (1 Koningen) , 2 K (2 Koningen) , 1 Kr ( 1 Kronieken) , 2 Kr (2 Kronieken) , Ezr (Ezra) , Neh (Nehemia) , Tob (Tobia) , Jdt (Judith) , Est (Esther) , 1 Mak (1 Makkabeeën) , 2 Mak (2 Makkabeeën) , Job , Ps (Psalmen ) , Spr (Spreuken) , Pr (Prediker) , Hl (Hooglied) , W (Wijsheid) , Sir (Sirach) , Js (Jesaja) , Jr (Jeremia) , Kl (Klaagliederen) , Bar (Baruch) , Ez (Ezechiël) , Da (Daniël) , Hos (Hosea) , Jl (Joël) , Am (Amos) , Ob (Obadja) , Jon (Jona) , Mi (Micha) , Nah (Nahum) , Hab (Habakuk) , Sef (Sefanja) , Hag (Haggai) , Zach (Zacharia) , Mal (Maleachi) .
- NT : Mt (Matteüs) - Mc (Marcus) - Lc (Lucas) - Joh (Johannes) - Hnd (Handelingen) , Rom (Rome) , 1 Kor (Korinte) , 2 Kor (Korinte) , Gal (Galatië) , Ef (Efese) , Fil (Filippi) , Kol (Kolosse) , 1 Tes (Tessalonika) , 2 Tes (Tessalonika) , 1 Tim (Timoteüs) , 2 Tim (Timoteüs) , Tit (Titus) , Film (Filemon) , Heb (Hebreeën) , Jak (Jakobus) , 1 Pe (Petrus) , 2 Pe (Petrus) , 1 Joh (Johannes) , 2 Joh (Johannes) , 2 Joh (Johannes) , Jud (Judas) , Apk (Apokalyps) .
Overzicht van de bibliografie van de bijbelboeken- bibliografie bijbel - bibliografie van het Oude Testament - bibliografie Matteüsevangelie - bibliografie Marcusevangelie - bibliografie Lucasevangelie - bibliografie van het Johannesevangelie - bibliografie van het Nieuwe Testament (behalve evangeliën)


- Hebreeuwse tekst
- Griekse tekst - Septuaginta
- Vulgata


- Statenvertaling


- Willibrordvertaling

Inleiding op het boek Prediker de schrijver van dit geschrift, dat binnen de oudtestamentische wijsheidsliteratuur een aparte plaats inneemt, wordt in het opschrift (1,1) aangeduid als 'Prediker (in het Hebreeuws Kohelet), zoon van David, koning in Jeruzalem' (vgl 1,12). De naam Kohelet komt elders in de Bijbel niet voor en de betekenis is daarom niet zeker. Uit 12,9 blijkt dat Kohelet onderwijs gaf aan het volk. De naam zal betekenen: 'hij die het vergaderde volk onderricht'. Sedert Luther Kohelet vertaalde door 'Prediker', is ook in het Nederlands de benaming Prediker (Pr) gangbaar geworden. Dat de schrijver zich vereenzelvigt met koning Salomo berust op een toentertijd geliefde literaire fictie (zie ook Spreuken en Wijsheid). Dit blijkt niet alleen uit het feit dat het boek lang na de tijd van Salomo geschreven werd (zie hieronder), maar evenzeer hieruit dat de schrijver de rol van Salomo niet altijd volhoudt. Zo spreekt hij in 1,16 over ' … al mijn voorgangers in Jeruzalem', terwijl onder meer uit vers 8,2-4 blijkt dat hij geen koning is maar een onderdaan. Zoals in 12,9 gezegd wordt en ook uit heel het geschrift blijkt, hebben we eerder te doen met een wijze, een wijsheidsleraar, behorend tot die groep van intellectuelen die sedert koning Salomo een eigen en belangrijke plaats innam in het leven van Israël. Wanneer Prediker leefde en zijn boek schreef, is niet precies vast te stellen. Het gebruik van Perzische woorden (2,5 en 8,11) sluit een ontstaan vóór de Perzische overheersing (vanaf 540) zeker uit. Anderzijds staat vast dat Jezus Sirach (omstreeks 190 v.Chr.) Prediker gekend en benut heeft. (Ook in Qumran werden fragmenten van Prediker gevonden.) Binnen deze twee uitersten tracht men meestal tot een nadere vaststelling te komen op grond van historische situaties die in het boek (o.a. 4,13-16 en 9,13-16) verondersteld kunnen worden. Maar het gaat in deze passages meer om typische voorbeelden dan om concrete situaties. De aanhang groeit voor een datering van Prediker omstreeks het jaar 200 v.Chr. Hierbij beroept men zich vooral op het late karakter van de gebruikte taal. Inderdaad treffen we veel abstracte woorden aan die in het oudere Hebreeuws ontbreken. Verder staat hij zo onder invloed van het Aramees dat men weleens heeft gemeend dat het boek in het Aramees geschreven en vervolgens in het Hebreeuws vertaald zou zijn. Maar het Aramees deed lang voor 200 zijn invloed in Israël gelden, zodat ook een vroegere datering (namelijk in de periode van de ballingschap; eerste helft van de zesde eeuw) mogelijk blijft. Prediker schreef zijn boek in Israël, waarschijnlijk in Jeruzalem. Omstreden is de opbouw en de eenheid van Prediker. De vraag is of het boek bestaat uit een losse aaneenrijging van afzonderlijke gezegden die niet met elkaar in verband gebracht moeten worden, of dat het is te verdelen in afdelingen die op zichzelf en ten opzichte van elkaar een duidelijke samenhang vormen en een voortgang van gedachte vertonen. Als wij afzien van de eisen die onze westerse logica in dit opzicht kan stellen, valt te constateren dat Prediker stilistisch en thematisch werkelijk een eenheid is. Hierop wijst allereerst het typische woordgebruik: een groot aantal woorden ( 'voorkeurswoorden') keert herhaaldelijk terug, zoals de lezer snel duidelijk wordt. Een andere aanwijzing voor de eenheid is dat het boek in de ik-vorm geschreven is. Dat deze ik-vorm regelmatig wordt onderbroken (de over zichzelf verhalende koning wordt in toenemende mate een vermanende wijsheidsleraar) kan niet als een bezwaar tegen de eenheid worden aangevoerd. Een dergelijke rolwisseling, zoals elders in oud-Oosterse en Joodse literatuur, een bewust gekozen stijlmiddel. En, hoe wisselend en zelfs tegenstrijdig de gedachtengang van Prediker misschien zou kunnen voorkomen, alles wordt bijeengehouden door de fundamentele en steeds opnieuw uitgesproken gedachte dat alles ijdel is. Ook de schrijver van het opschrift (1,1-3) en het nawoord (12,8-12) heeft dit goed begrepen. Vanuit deze visie op de eenheid van Prediker lijkt het ook niet nodig aan te nemen dat het oorspronkelijke geschrift een orthodoxe bewerking zou hebben ondergaan om het meer aanvaardbaar te maken in kringen die tegen bepaalde uitspraken van Prediker bezwaren zouden kunnen hebben. Terwijl de overige bijbelse wijsheidsliteratuur vaak regels aan de hand doet die tot een betamelijk en gelukkig leven moeten voeren, is het werk van Prediker eerder een soort nabeschouwing van een wijze die het leven en de wereld grondig heeft onderzocht en daarbij tot de teleurstellende conclusie is gekomen dat alles ijdel, dat wil zeggen: zin- en waardeloos, is. Prediker komt tot zijn navrante conclusie op grond van verschillende ervaringen en overwegingen. Namelijk de ondoorgrondelijkheid van Gods wereldbestuur, dat zich aan de mens voordoet als een noodlot; de onrechtvaardigheid in de wereld, vooral het ontbreken van een juiste vergelding voor goed en kwaad; de onvermijdelijke loop van de dingen waarop de mens geen invloed heeft; de beperktheid van de wijsheid, zodat de mens de zin van de dingen niet doorziet hoewel zijn verlangen daarnaar uit gaat; de onvruchtbaarheid van de menselijke arbeid en van de geschiedenis; en bovenal de gedachte dat de onvermijdelijke dood het definitieve en radicale einde betekent van de mens, die geen ander lot te verwachten heeft dan het dier. De ijdelheid is de achtergrond van Predikers aansporing van het goede in het leven te genieten zo lang het kan en zo veel als mogelijk is. Dit is geen plat materialisme, maar de laatste greep op het leven van iemand die overal op grenzen gestoten is en zich in het simpele genieten van het alledaagse afhankelijk weet van dezelfde God die hem elders zo ongrijpbaar en onberekenbaar voorkomt. Hoewel Prediker niet het laatste woord spreekt over God en mens, wereld en geschiedenis – het boek moet daarom ook niet geïsoleerd maar binnen het verband van de hele Schrift gelezen worden – is zijn werk een authentiek getuigenis over de onmacht van de mens en de betrekkelijkheid van alles wat zich onder de zon afspeelt.


- De Nieuwe Bijbelvertaling

Het boek Prediker ontleent zijn naam, die sinds Luther gangbaar geworden is, aan diens vertaling van de Hebreeuwse titel Kohelet. Vermoedelijk gaat het om een functieaanduiding die in het bijbelboek als eigennaam wordt gebruikt. In de Hebreeuwse bijbel maakt Prediker als een van de vijf Feestrollen (Megilot) deel uit van de Ketoeviem, de Geschriften. Het wordt in de synagoge traditioneel gelezen tijdens het Loofhuttenfeest (Soekot). In veel bijbeluitgaven behoort Prediker tot de poëtische boeken. Het is moeilijk vast te stellen wanneer en door wie het boek geschreven is. Het opschrift in 1:1 schrijft het boek toe aan Salomo. De vermelding van deze dichtende koning (zie 1 Koningen 5:12) dient vooral om het karakter en het belang van de tekst te onderstrepen. Onder meer op grond van het taalgebruik (invloed van het Perzisch en Aramees) wordt wel aangenomen dat de tekst in de derde eeuw v.Chr. zijn huidige vorm heeft gekregen. Het boek Prediker behoort tot de zogeheten wijsheidsliteratuur, net als de boeken Job en Spreuken. Deze literatuur is waarschijnlijk ontstaan in de kringen van professionele schrijvers die in dienst waren van paleizen en tempels. Het doel ervan is de lezer of toehoorder kennis, praktische levenswijsheid en moreel besef bij te brengen op allerlei gebied. Belangrijke thema's in het boek Prediker zijn de grote afstand tussen de mens en God, de ontoereikendheid van menselijke kennis, de vergeefsheid van ervaring en de onbereikbaarheid en ondoorgrondelijkheid van de goddelijke wijsheid. Het boek wekt de indruk van een nabeschouwing door een wijze die het dagelijks leven en de gang van zaken in de wereld goed heeft gevolgd en die tot de conclusie komt dat alles 'lucht en leegte' is. Een belangrijk motief in het boek is de kringloop van de tijd en de natuur. Ook de vorm van de tekst is cyclisch: de woorden van 1:2 keren aan het eind van het boek, in 12:8, terug. Prediker is inhoudelijk en stilistisch interessant. Het boek bevat drie poëtische passages: 'Lucht en leegte' (1:2-12), 'Alles heeft zijn tijd' (3:1-8) en 'Gedenk je schepper in je jeugd' (12:2-8). Maar ook het proza heeft poëtische kenmerken zoals ritme, parallellisme en beeldspraak. Het ritme in de praktische raadgevingen is vrij snel, de beschouwende gedeelten hebben een rustiger cadans die past bij de cyclische thematiek. In het boek Prediker zijn twee delen te onderscheiden, naast een redactioneel kader bestaande uit het opschrift (1:1) en een epiloog (12:9-14). Hoofdstuk 1-6 bevat vooral filosofische hofwijsheid en is beschouwend van karakter. Hoofdstuk 7-12 bevat meer volkswijsheid en aansporingen tot goed gedrag. Het onderscheid tussen de beide delen is overigens niet scherp.


- De Naardense bijbel


- Bible de Jérusalem


- King James Bible


- Luther Bibel


- Structuur



Prediker 1-12

 
 
 
 
1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27
28
29
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1
18
 
1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14.
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2
26
 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22.
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
 
 
 
 
 
3
22
 
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.
65.
66.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4
17
 
67.
68.
69.
70.
71.
72.
73.
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
19
 
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.
89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
12
 
103.
104.
105.
106.
107.
108.
109.
110.
111.
112.
113.
114.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7
29
 
115.
116.
117.
118.
119.
120.
121.
122.
123.
124.
125.
126.
127.
128.
129.
130.
131.
132.
133.
134.
135.
136.
137.
138.
139.
140.
141.
142.
143.
 
 
8
17
 
144.
145.
146.
147.
148.
149.
150.
151.
152.
153.
154.
155.
156.
157.
158.
159.
160.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9
18
 
161.
162.
163.
164.
165.
166.
167.
168.
169.
170.
171.
172.
173.
174.
175.
176.
177.
178.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10
20
 
179.
180.
181.
182.
183.
184.
185.
186.
187.
188.
189.
190.
191.
192.
193.
194.
195.
196.
197.
198.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11
10
 
199.
200.
201.
202.
203.
204.
205.
206.
207.
208.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12
14
 
209.
210.
211.
212.
213.
214.
215.
216.
217.
218.
219.
220.
221.
222.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27
28
29
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Pr telt 2997 (81 X 37) woorden en 222 (6 X 37) verzen . Deel 1 bestaat uit 111 verzen . 1.1 uit 44 verzen (Pr 1,1-2) , 1.2 uit 22 verzen (Pr 3) , 1.3 uit 44 + 1 verzen . Deel 2 bestaat eveneens uit 111 verzen ;


- Taalgebruik

- A

- lë´âdâm (voor de mens) < prefix voortzetsel lë + zelfst. naamw. ´âdâm (mens) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ´âdâm (mens) . Getalwaarde : aleph = 1 , daleth = 4 , mem = 13 of 40 ; totaal : 18 (2 X 3²) of 45 (3² X 5) . Structuur : 1 - 4 - 40 (´ed = damp ; 1-4 structuur) . Tenakh (23) . Pr (7) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 2,18 . (3) Pr 2,22 . (4) Pr 2,26 . (5) Pr 6,11 . (6) Pr 6,12 . (7) Pr 8,15 .
- Grieks . nom. mann. enk. anthrôpos (mens) . Taalgebruik in het NT : anthrôpos (mens) . Taalgebruik in de LXX : anthrôpos (mens) . Pr (20) : (1) Pr 2,12 . (2) Pr 2,21 . (3) Pr 3,11 . (4) Pr 3,13 . (5) Pr 3,19 . (6) Pr 3,22 . (7) Pr 5,18 . (8) Pr 6,10 . (9) Pr 7,14 . (10) Pr 7,20 . (11) Pr 8,8 . (12) Pr 8,9 . (13) Pr 8,17 . (14) Pr 9,1 . (15) Pr 9,12 . (16) Pr 9,15 . (17) Pr 10,14 . (18) Pr 11,8 . (19) Pr 12,5 . (20) Pr 12,13 .

  anthrôpos (mens) bijbel  OT NT  Mt  Mc   Lc  Joh  Hnd  Br. Apk syn. ev.
1 nom. mann. enk. anthrôpos 512 394 118 21 14 24 21  10  27  59  80 

- Grieks . dat. mann. enk. anthrôpô(i) van het zelfst. naamw. Pr (9) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 2,18 . (3) Pr 2,22 . (4) Pr 2,24. (5) Pr 2,26 . (6) Pr 6,11 . (7) Pr 6,12 . (8) Pr 8,9 . (9) Pr 8,15 .
  anthrôpos (mens) bijbel  OT NT  Mt  Mc   Lc  Joh  Hnd  Br. Apk syn. ev.
4 dat. enk. anthrôpôi 107 81 26 11 3 5   19  20 

- Latijn . homo (mens) . Pr (20) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 1,8 . (3) Pr 2,12 . (4) Pr 3,9 . (5) Pr 3,11 . (6) Pr 3,13 . (7) Pr 3,19 . (8) Pr 6,2 . (9) Pr 6,10 . (10) Pr 7,14 . (11) Pr 7,20 . (12) Pr 8,9 . (13) Pr 8,16 . (14) Pr 8,17 . (15) Pr 9,1 . (16) Pr 9,12 . (17) Pr 10,14 . (18) Pr 11,8 . (19) Pr 12,5 . (20) Pr 12,13 .

- sjèjja`ämol (dat hij arbeidt) < prefix sjë + act. ind. imperf. 3de pers. mann. enk. van het werkw. `âmal (arbeiden, zich vermoeien) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : `âmal (arbeiden, zich vermoeien) . Getalwaarde : ajin = 16 of 70 , mem = 13 of 40 , lamed = 12 of 30 ; totaal : 41 OF 140 (2 X 5 X 7) . Tenakh (3) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 5,15 . (3) Pr 5,17 .
-- `ämâlô (zijn arbeid) < zelfst. naamw. + suffix persoonl. voornaamw. 3de pers. mann. enk. . `âmâl (arbeid, moeite, het door arbeid verkregene, bezit) . Zie het werkw. `âmal (arbeiden, zich vermoeien) . Tenakh (7) : (1) Ps 7,17 . (2) Ps 127,1 . (3) Pr 1,3 . (4) Pr 2,22 . (5) Pr 3,13 . (6) Pr 4,8 . (7) Pr 5,17 .
- Grieks . act. ind. praesens 3de pers. enk. mochthei (hij tobt zich af, hij spant zich in) van het werkw. mochtheô (zich inspannen , zich aftobben , zich kwellen) . Bijbel (4) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 2,22 . (3) Pr 3,9 . (4) Pr 5,15 .
- Latijn . abl. mann. enk. labore van het zelfst. naamw. labor (labeur, arbeid, inspanning) . Bijbel (27) . Pr (12) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 2,10 . (3) Pr 2,22 . (4) Pr 3,9 . (5) Pr 3,13 . (6) Pr 4,6 . (7) Pr 5,14 . (8) Pr 5,17 . (9) Pr 5,18 . (10) Pr 8,15 . (11) Pr 9,9 . (12) Pr 10,10 .

- ´-m-r . (1) act. qal perf. 3de pers. mann. enk. ´âmar (hij zegt) . (2) act. qal imperf. 1ste pers. enk. ´omar (ik zeg) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ´âmar (zeggen) . Getalwaarde van ´âmar (zeggen) : aleph = 1 , mem = 13 of 40 , resj = 20 of 200 ; totaal : 34 (2 X 17) of 241 (priemgetal) . Structuur : 1 - 4 - 2 . Tenakh (790) . Pentateuch (84) . Eerdere Profeten (122) . Latere Profeten (385) . 12 Kleine Profeten (92) . Geschriften (107) . Pr (2) : (1) Pr 1,2 . (2) Pr 12,8 .
- Grieks . legô (zeggen) . Taalgebruik in de Septuaginta. : legô (zeggen) . Taalgebruik in NT : legô (zeggen) . legô komt van de wortel leg- : lezen / lec-tuur ; les . Een vorm van legô (zeggen) in de LXX (4610) , in het NT (1318) ; van eipon (ik zei) in de LXX (4608) , in het NT (925) .
- Lat. legere . Fr. leçon . E. to say . Fr. dire . D. sprechen (spreken) .

- ´änî (ik) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ´änî (ik) . Getalwaarde : aleph = 1 , nun = 14 of 50 , jod = 10 ; totaal : 25 (5²) OF 61 . Structuur : 1 - 5 - 1 . Tenakh (653) . Pentateuch (25) . Eerdere Profeten (82) . Latere Profeten (247) . 12 Kleine Profeten (31) . Geschriften (152) . Pr (25) : (1) Pr 1,12 . (2) Pr 1,16 . (3) Pr 2,1 . (4) Pr 2,11 . (5) Pr 2,12 . (6) Pr 2,13 . (7) Pr 2,14 . (8) Pr 2,15 . (9) Pr 2,18 . (10) Pr 2,20 . (11) Pr 2,24 . (12) Pr 3,17 . (13) Pr 3,18 . (14) Pr 4,1 . (15) Pr 4,2 . (16) Pr 4,4 . (17) Pr 4,7 . (18) Pr 4,8 . (19) Pr 5,17 . (20) Pr 7,25 . (21) Pr 7,26 . (22) Pr 8,2 . (23) Pr 8,12 . (24) Pr 8,15 . (25) Pr 9,16 .
- Grieks . egô (ik) . Taalgebruik in de LXX : egô (ik) . Taalgebruik in het NT : egô (ik) .
- Latijn . ego . Ned. : ik . Fr. je . E. I . D. Ich .

- ´äsjèr (die) OF persoonsnaam ´âsjer (Aser) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ´äsjèr (die) . Getalwaarde van ´äsjèr (die) : aleph = 1 , sjin = 21 of 300 , resj = 20 of 200 ; totaal : 42 (2 X 3 X 7) of 501 (3 X 167) . Structuur : 1 - 3 - 2 .

Prediker   1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  6.  7.  8.  9.  10.  11.  12.   
Hebr. ´äsjèr   3 3 3 7 4 4 9 10 6 1 1 4  
Gr.                            

- B

- laba`al / labâ`al / lëba`al (voor Baäl, meester) < lë + ba`al / bâ`al (Baäl, meester) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ba`al / bâ`al (Baäl, meester) . Getalwaarde : beth = 2 , ajin = 16 of 70 , lamed = 12 of 30 ; totaal : 30 (2 X 3 X 5) OF 102 (2 X 3 X 17) . Structuur : 2 - 7 - 3 . Tenakh (20) : (1) Nu 25,3 . (2) Nu 25,5 . (3) Re 2,13 . (4) Re 6,31 . (5) 1 K 16,32 . (6) 1 K 19,18 . (7) 2 K 10,19 . (8) 2 K 10,20 . (9) 2 K 21,3 . (10) 2 K 23,4 . (11) 2 K 23,5 . (12) Jr 7,9 . (13) Jr 11,13 . (14) Jr 11,17 . (15) Jr 19,5 . (16) Jr . (17) Hos 2,10 . (18) Ps 106,28 . (19) Spr 18,9 . (20) Pr 10,11 .

- C

- hachosjèkh (de duisternis) < bepaald lidw. ha + chosjèkh (duisternis) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : chosjèkh (duisternis) . Getalwaarde : chet = 8 , sjin = 21 of 300 , kaph = 11 of 20 ; totaal : 40 (2³ X 5) OF 328 (2³ X 41) . Structuur : 8 - 3 - 2 . Tenakh (6) : (1) Gn 1,4 . (2) Gn 1,18 . (3) Dt 5,23 . (4) Js 60,2 . (5) Pr 2,13 . (6) Pr 11,8 .
- Grieks . skotos (duisternis) . Taalgebruik in het NT : skotos (duisternis) . Taalgebruik in de Septuaginta : skotos (duisternis) . Pr (1) : Pr 2,13 . Een vorm van skotos (duisternis) in de Septuaginta (120) , in het NT (30) .
- Latijn . dat. + abl. mv. tenebris van het zelfst. naamw. tenebrae . Fr. ténèbres . E. darkness . D. Finsternis . Pr (3) : (1) Pr 2,13 . (2) Pr 2,14 . (3) Pr 5,16 .

- bachosèkh (in - de - duisternis) < voorzetsel be + lidwoord ha -> trekt samen tot ba + zelfstandig naamwoord chosjèkh (duisternis) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : chosjèkh (duisternis) . Getalwaarde : chet = 8 , sjin = 21 of 300 , kaph = 11 of 20 ; totaal : 40 (2³ X 5) OF 328 (2³ X 41) . Structuur : 8 - 3 - 2 . Tenakh (14) : (1) Joz 2,5 . (2) 1 S 2,9 . (3) Js 9,1 . (4) Js 47,5 . (5) Js 49,9 . (6) Js 58,10 . (7) Ez 8,12 . (8) Mi 7,8 . (9) Ps 88,13 . (10) Ps 112,4 . (11) Job 17,13 . (12) Job 24,16 . (13) Pr 2,14 . (14) Pr 5,16 .
- Grieks . dat. onz. enk. skotei (- in de - duisternis) van het zelfst. naamw. skotos (duisternis) . Taalgebruik in het NT : skotos (duisternis) . Taalgebruik in de Septuaginta : skotos (duisternis) . Pr (3) : (1) Pr 2,13 . (2) Pr 2,14 . (3) Pr 5,16 . Een vorm van skotos (duisternis) in de Septuaginta (120) , in het NT (30) .
- Latijn . dat. + abl. mv. tenebris van het zelfst. naamw. tenebrae . Fr. ténèbres . E. darkness . D. Finsternis . Pr (3) : (1) Pr 2,13 . (2) Pr 2,14 . (3) Pr 5,16 .

- D - E

- wëhâ´èlohîm (God) < verbindingswoord wë + bepaald lidw. ha + godsnaam ´èlohîm (God) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ´èlohîm (God) . Getalwaarde : aleph = 1 ; lamed = 12 of 30 ; he = 5 ; jod = 10 ; mem = 13 of 40 ; totaal : 41 of 86 (2 X 43) . Structuur : 1 - 3 -5 -1 - 4 . De verkorte vorm van de godsnaam ´èlohîm is ´èl . Getalwaarde is : aleph = 1 ; lamed = 12 of 30 ; totaal 13 of 31 (spiegelbeeld) . Structuur : 1 - 3 . Tenakh (7) : (1) Gn 22,1 . (2) Ex 19,19 . (3) Ex 21,13 . (4) Pr 3,14 . (5) Pr 3,15 . (6) 1 Kr 28,3 . (7) 2 Kr 13,15 .
- Grieks . nom. mann. enk. theos (God)  . Taalgebruik in het NT : theos (God) . Taalgebruik in de LXX : theos (God) . Pr (20) : (1) Pr 1,13 . (2) Pr 3,10 . (3) Pr 3,11 . (4) Pr 3,14 . (5) Pr 3,15 . (6) Pr 3,17 . (7) Pr 3,18 . (8) Pr 5,1 . (9) Pr 5,5 . (10) Pr 5,17 . (11) Pr 5,18 . (12) Pr 5,19 . (13) Pr 6,2 . (14) Pr 7,13 . (15) Pr 7,14 . (16) Pr 7,29 . (17) Pr 8,15 . (18) Pr 9,7 . (19) Pr 11,9 . (20) Pr 12,14 . Een vorm van theos (God) in de LXX (3984) , in het NT (1314) .

theos bijbel  OT NT  Mt  Mc   Lc  Joh  Hnd  Br.  Apk  syn.. ev. P. Ap.
nom. mann. enk. theos 1686  1399  287  15  17  58  163  20  29 46 143 20
gen. mann. enk.  theou 1517  876 641  28  31  70 43  56  360   53  129 172 293 67
dat.  mann. enk. theô(i) 433  279  154  13  110  13  14 18 97  13 
acc.  mann. enk. theon 496  354  142  23  12  30  62  33 45 43 19

- Latijn . deus . Pr (19) : (1) Pr 1,13 . (2) Pr 2,26 . (3) Pr 3,10 . (4) Pr 3,11 . (5) Pr 3,14 . (6) Pr 3,15 . (7) Pr 3,17 . (8) Pr 3,18 . (9) Pr 5,1 . (10) Pr 5,5 . (11) Pr 5,17 . (12) Pr 5,18 . (13) Pr 5,19 . (14) Pr 6,2 . (15) Pr 7,14 . (16) Pr 7,29 . (17) Pr 8,15 . (18) Pr 11,9 . (19) Pr 12,14 . Fr. dieu . De vloek dju . D. Gott . E. God . Arabisch : ´allah (Allah) . Taalgebruik in de Koran : ´allah (Allah) .

- F - G - H

- hèbhèl (ademtocht, ijdelheid, nietigheid) ; stat. constr. häbhel . Ook de persoonsnaam Abel . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : hèbhèl (ademtocht, ijdelheid, nietigheid) . Getalwaarde : he = 5 , beth = 2 , lamed = 12 of 30 ; totaal : 19 OF 37 . Structuur : 5 - 2 - 3 . h-b-l . Tenakh (49) . Pentateuch (5) . Eerdere Profeten (0) . Latere Profeten (6) . 12 Kleine Profeten (1) . Geschriften (37) . Pr. (25) : (1) Pr 1,2 . (2) Pr 1,14 . (3) Pr 2,1 . (4) Pr 2,11 . (5) Pr 2,15 . (6) Pr 2,17 . (7) Pr 2,19 . (8) Pr 2,21 . (9) Pr 2,23 . (10) Pr 2,26 . (11) Pr 3,19 . (12) Pr 4,4 . (13) Pr 4,7 . (14) Pr 4,8 . (15) Pr 4,16 . (16) Pr 5,9 . (17) Pr 6,2 . (18) Pr 6,9 . (19) Pr 6,11 . (20) Pr 7,6 . (21) Pr 8,10 . (22) Pr 8,14 . (23) Pr 11,8 . (24) Pr 11,10 . (25) Pr 12,8 . Een vorm van hèbhèl in Tenakh (73) , in Pr (31; 37X) .
- mann. mv. häbhâlîm (ijdelheden...) van het zelfst. naamw. hèbhèl (ademtocht, ijdelheid, nietigheid) . Tenakh (3) : (1) Jr 10,8 . (2) Pr 1,2 . (3) Pr 12,8 .
- häbhel häbhâlîm (vergankelijkheid van de vergankelijkheden) . Tenakh (2) : (1) Pr 1,2 . (2) Pr 12,8 .
- hakkol hèbhèl (alles is vergankelijkheid) . Tenakh (6) : (1) Pr 1,2 . (2) Pr 1,14 . (3) Pr 2,11 . (4) Pr 2,17 . (5) Pr 3,19 . (6) Pr 12,8 . De beide woorden beginnen met de letter he en eindigen met de letter lamed . De middelste letter verschilt . In het eerste woord de letter kaph = 11 of 20 , in het tweede woord de letter beth = 2 ; de beide letters kaph - beth (20 - 2) liggen in elkaars verlengde .
-- hakkol hèbhèl ûrë`ûth rûach (alles is vergankelijkheid en het streven van de geest) . Tenakh (8) : (1) Pr 1,14 . (2) Pr 2,11 . (3) Pr 2,17 . (4) Pr 2,26 . (5) Pr 4,4 . (6) Pr 4,6 . (7) Pr 4,16 . (8) Ezr 5,17 . Website : http://www.bsw.org/Biblica/Vol-86-2005/Rivalry-And-Resignation-Girard-And-Qoheleth-On-The-Divine-Human-Relationship/136/ .
- wëhinneh hakkol hèbhèl (en zie, alles is vergankelijkheid) . Tenakh (2) : (1) Pr 1,14 . (2) Pr 2,11 .
- kî hakkol hèbhèl (want alles is vergankelijkheid) . Tenakh (2) : (1) Pr 2,17 . (2) Pr 3,19 .
- gam zèh hèbhèl (ook dit is vergankelijkheid) . Tenakh (6) : (1) Pr 2,21 . (2) Pr 2,23 . (3) Pr 2,26 . (4) Pr 4,4 . (5) Pr 4,8 . (6) Pr 6,9 .

- I - J

- jithërôn (voordeel, nut, voortreffelijkheid, het overblijvene) . Zie het werkw. jâthar (overblijven , over hebben , overvloed geven) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : jâthar (overblijven , over hebben , overvloed geven) . Getalwaarde : jod = 10 , thaw = 22 of 400 , resj = 20 of 200 ; totaal : 52 (4 X 13) OF 610 (2 X 5 X 61) . Structuur : 1 - 4 - 2 . Pr (6) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 2,11 . (3) Pr 2,13 . (4) Pr 3,9 . (5) Pr 5,15 . (6) Pr 10,11 .
- mah jithërôn (wat is het overblijvende) . Tenakh (2) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 3,9 .

- K

- kî (want, omdat) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : kî (want, omdat) . Getalwaarde : kaph = 11 of 20 , jod = 10 ; totaal : 21 (3 X 7) .

Prediker     1.  2.  3.  4.  5.  6.  7.  8.  9.  10.  11.  12.   
Hebr. kî 73   1 10 5 5 9 5 10 7 9 2 6 4  
Gr. hoti

85

  3 14 6 5 9 5 11 10 9 2 6 5  

- kl (al) . kol / kâl . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : kl (al) . Getalwaarde : kaph = 11 of 20 , lamed = 12 of 30 ; totaal : 23 OF 50 (2 X 5²) . Structuur : 2 - 3 . Tenakh (2709) . Pentateuch (824) . Eerdere Profeten (584) . Latere Profeten (505) . 12 Kleine Profeten (104) . Geschriften (692) . Pr (34) : (1) Pr 1,7 . (2) . (3) . (4) . (5) . (6) . (7) . (8) . (9) . (10) . (11) . (12) . (13) . (14) . (15) . (16) . (17) . (18) . (19) . (20) . (21) . (22) . (23) . (24) . (25) . (26) . (27) . (28) . (29) . (30) . (31) . (32) . (33) . (34) .
- hakkol (het alles) < prefix bepaald lidw. ha + bijvoegl. naamw. kl (al) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : kl (al) . Getalwaarde : kaph = 11 of 20 , lamed = 12 of 30 ; totaal : 23 OF 50 (2 X 5²) . Structuur : 2 - 3 . Tenakh (59) . Pentateuch (5) . Eerdere Profeten (12) . Latere Profeten (7) . 12 Kleine Profeten (0) . Geschriften (35) . Pr (16) : (1) Pr 1,2 . (2) Pr 1,14 . (3) Pr 2,11 . (4) Pr 2,16 . (5) Pr 2,17 . (6) Pr 3,11 . (7) Pr 3,19 . (8) Pr 3,20 . (9) Pr 6,6 . (10) Pr 7,15 . (11) Pr 9,1 . (12) Pr 9,2 . (13) Pr 10,19 . (14) Pr 11,5 . (15) Pr 12,8 . (16) Pr 12,13 .
- bëkol (met al) < prefix voorzetsel bë + bijvoegl. naamw. Pr (11) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 2,11 . (3) Pr 2,19 . (4) Pr 2,22 . (5) Pr 3,13 . (6) Pr 5,8 . (7) Pr 5,17 . (8) Pr 7,28 . (9) Pr 9,3 . (10) Pr 9,6 . (11) Pr 9,8 .
- Grieks . dat. mann. + onz. enk. panti van het bijvoegl. naamw. Pr (17) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 2,10 . (3) Pr 2,19 . (4) Pr 2,20 . (5) Pr 2,22 . (6) Pr 3,1 . (7) Pr 3,13 . (8) Pr 3,17 . (9) Pr 4,8 . (10) Pr 4,16 . (11) Pr 5,8 . (12) Pr 5,17 . (13) Pr 8,6 . (14) Pr 9,3 . (15) Pr 9,6 . (16) Pr 9,8 . (17) Pr 12,14 .

  pas (al) bijbel  OT  NT  Mt  Mc   Lc  Joh  Hnd  Br.  Apk  syn. ev.
6 dat. m. + onz. enk. panti   271  213  58  40 

- Grieks . acc. mann. enk. ; nom. + acc. onz. mv. panta (alles) van het bijvoegl. naamw. pas , pasa, pan (ieder, elk) . Taalgebruik in de Septuaginta : pas (ieder, elk) . Taalgebruik in het NT : pas (ieder, elk) . Pr. (22) : (1) Pr 1,2 . (2) Pr 1,14 . (3) Pr 2,11 . (4) Pr 2,16 . (5) Pr 2,17 . (6) Pr 2,18 . (7) Pr 3,11 . (8) Pr 3,14 . (9) Pr 3,19 . (10) Pr 3,20 . (11) Pr 4,4 . (12) Pr 6,6 . (13) Pr 7,15 . (14) Pr 7,18 . (15) Pr 7,23 . (16) Pr 8,17 . (17) Pr 9,1 . (18) Pr 9,10 . (19) Pr 10,3 . (20) Pr 10,19 . (21) Pr 11,5 . (22) Pr 12,8 .

  pas (al) bijbel  OT  NT  Mt  Mc   Lc  Joh  Hnd  Br.  Apk  syn. ev.
8 acc. m. enk. , nom. m. + onz. mv. panta 1358 1119 239 32  21 34  20  19  103 10  87  107 

- Latijn . omnis . Fr. tout . Ned. heel, al, gans . D. al . E. whole .

- L

- bëlibbî (in mijn hart) < prefix voorzetsel bë + zelfst. naamw. + suffix persoonl. voornaamw. 1ste pers. enk. . lebh (hart) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : lebh (hart) . Getalwaarde : lamed = 12 of 30 , beth = 2 ; totaal : 14 (2 X 7) OF 32 (2² X 2³) . Structuur : 3 - 2 . Tenakh (11) . Pr (5) : (1) Pr 2,1 . (2) Pr 2,3 . (3) Pr 2,15 . (4) Pr 3,17 . (5) Pr 3,18 .
- Grieks . kardia (hart) . Taalgebruik in het NT : kardia (hart) . Taalgebruik in de LXX : kardia (hart) .
- Latijn . cor , cordis . Fr. coeur . Ned. hart . E. heart . D. Herz . Arabisch : qalb (hart) . Taalgebruik in de Qoran : qalb (hart) .

- M

- hamma`äshèh (de daad, het werk) < bepaald lidw. ha + ma`äshèh (daad, werk) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ma`ashè (daad, werk) . Tenakh (12) : (1) Gn 44,15 . (2) Ex 18,20 . (3) Re 2,10 . (4) 1 S 20,19 . (5) 1 K 13,11 . (6) Ez 46,1 . (7) Pr 2,17 . (8) Pr 3,11 . (9) Pr 3,17 . (10) Pr 4,3 . (11) Pr 4,4 . (12) Pr 8,17 .

- mah / mâh (wat?) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : mah / mâh (wat?) . Getalwaarde : mem = 13 of 40 , he = 5 ; totaal : 18 (2 X 3²) OF 45 (3² X 5) . Tenakh (424) . Pentateuch (74) . Eerdere Profeten (111) . Latere Profeten (59) . 12 Kleine Profeten (39) . Geschriften (141) . Ps (38) . Ps 114 (1) Ps 114,5 . Pr (18) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 1,9 . (3) Pr 2,2 . (4) Pr 2,12 . (5) Pr 2,22 . (6) Pr 3,9 . (7) Pr 3,15 . (8) Pr 6,8 . (9) Pr 6,10 . (10) Pr 6,11 . (11) Pr 6,12 . (12) Pr 7,10 . (13) Pr 7,24 . (14) Pr 8,4 . (15) Pr 8,7 . (16) Pr 10,14 . (17) Pr 11,2 . (18) Pr 11,5 .

- N

- mënahem (troostende) < act. piël part. mann. enk. van het werkw. (1) De persoonsnaam Menachem . (2) deelw. . nâcham (berouw, verdriet, medelijden hebben, zich troosten) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : nâcham (berouw, verdriet, medelijden hebben, zich troosten) . Getalwaarde : nun = 14 of 50 , chet = 8 , mem = 13 of 40 : totaal : 35 (5 X 7) OF 98 (2 X 7²) . Tenakh (6) : (1) Kl 1,2 . (2) Kl 1,9 . (3) Kl 1,16 . (4) Kl 1,17 . (5) Kl 1,21 . (6) Pr 4,1 .

- O

- hâ´ôr (het licht) < bepaald lidw. ha + zelfst. naamw. ´ôr (licht) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ´ôr (licht) . Getalwaarde : aleph = 1 , waw = 6 , resj = 20 of 200 ; totaal : 27 (3³) OF 207 (3³ X 23) . Structuur : 1 - 6 - 2 . Tenakh (6) : (1) Gn 1,4 . (2) Gn 1,18 . (3) Re 19,26 . (4) Pr 2,13 . (5) Pr 11,7 . (6) Neh 8,3 .
- fôs (licht) .Taalgebruik in het NT : fôs (licht) . Taalgebruik in de LXX : fôs (licht) . Pr (2) : (1) Job 11,7 . (2) Job 12,2 . Een vorm van fôs (licht) in de bijbel (209) , het OT (176) , het NT (73) .

fôs (licht)   bijbel OT NT Mt Mc Lc Joh Hnd Br. Apk syn.  ev.  P..  A. b.
nom. enk.  fôs 143  102  41  14  10  24 
gen. enk. fôtos  38  25  13       
dat. enk. fôti   23  15      5  
acc. enk. fôta                     
totaal 209  146  63  18  10  19  13  31  13 

- Lat. lux / lumen . lux : Pr (1) : Pr 2,13 . lumen . Pr (2) : (1) Job 11,7 . (2) Job 12,2 . Fr. lumière . E. light . D. Licht . Arabisch : nûr (licht) . Taalgebruik in de Koran : nûr (licht) .

- P - Q

- haqqôhèlèth (de Qohelet of de prediker) < bepaald lidw. ha + lectio plena zelfst. naamw. qôhèlèth . Pr (1) : Pr 12,8 .
- qohèlèth (Qohelet, Prediker) . Tenakh (6) : (1) Pr 1,1 . (2) Pr 1,2 . (3) Pr 1,12 . (4) Pr 7,27 . (5) Pr 12,9 . (6) Pr 12,10 .
- Pr 1,2.3. - 4. Pr 1,2 : ´âmar qohèlèth (Qohelet zegt) . Pr 12,8 : ´âmar haqqôhèlèth (de Qohelet of de prediker zegt) .

- R

- act. ind. perf. 1ste pers. enk. râ´îthî (ik zag, ik heb gezien) van het werkw. râ´âh (zien, verschijnen) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : râ´âh (zien) . Getalwaarde : resj = 20 of 200 , aleph = 1 , he = 5 ; totaal : 26 of 206 (2 X 103) . Structuur : 2 - 1 - 5 . Tenakh (86) . Pentateuch (10) . Eerdere Profeten (15) . Latere Profeten (22) . 12 Kleine Profeten (8) . Geschriften (31) . Pr (14) : (1) Pr 1,14 . (2) Pr 2,24 . (3) Pr 3,10 . (4) Pr 3,16 . (5) Pr 4,15 . (6) Pr 5,12 . (7) Pr 5,17 . (8) Pr 6,1 . (9) Pr 7,15 . (10) Pr 8,9 . (11) Pr 8,10 . (12) Pr 9,13 . (13) Pr 10,5 . (14) Pr 10,7 . Een vorm van râ´âh in Pr (44) .
- Grieks . horaô (zien) . Taalgebruik in het NT : horaô (zien) . Taalgebruik in de Septuaginta : horaô (zien) . Taalgebruik in Mc : horaô (zien) . Taalgebruik in Lc : horaô (zien) . Taalgebruik in Hnd : horaô (zien) . Een vorm van horaô (zien, verschijnen) in het NT (114) , in de LXX (1539) .
- Latijn . videre . Fr. voir . Ned. zien . E. to see . D. sehen . pass. Lat. apparere . Fr. apparaître . E. appear . Ned. verschijnen . D. erscheinen . Arabisch : ra´â (zien) . Taalgebruik in de Koran : ra´â (zien) .

- ûrë`ûth (en het streven) < prefix verbindingswoord wë + zelfst. naamw. rë`ûth (streven) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : rë`ûth (streven) . Getalwaarde : resj = 20 of 200 , ajin = 16 of 70 , thaw = 22 of 400 ; totaal : 58 (2 X 29) OF 670 (2 X 5 X 67) . Structuur : 2 - 7 - 4 . Tenakh (8) : (1) Pr 1,14 . (2) Pr 2,11 . (3) Pr 2,17 . (4) Pr 2,26 . (5) Pr 4,4 . (6) Pr 4,6 . (7) Pr 4,16 . (8) Ezr 5,17 .
- ûrë`ûth rûach (en het streven van de geest) . Tenakh (7) : (1) Pr 1,14 . (2) Pr 2,11 . (3) Pr 2,17 . (4) Pr 2,26 . (5) Pr 4,4 . (6) Pr 4,6 . (7) Pr 4,16 . (8) Ezr 5,17 . In beide woorden begint het zelfst. naamw. met een resj en de laatste lettergreep eindigt met een surek .

- rûach (geest) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : rûach (geest) . Getalwaarde : resj = 20 of 200 . waw = 6 . chet = 8 . Totaal : 34 (2 X 17) of 214 (2 X 107) . Structuur : 2 - 6 - 8 . Tenakh (204) . Pentateuch (19) . Eerdere Profeten (33) . Latere Profeten (65) . 12 Kleine Profeten (19) . Geschriften (68) . Pr (13) : (1) Pr 1,14 . (2) Pr 1,17 . (3) Pr 2,11 . (4) Pr 2,17 . (5) Pr 2,26 . (6) Pr 3,21 . (7) Pr 4,4 . (8) Pr 4,6 . (9) Pr 4,16 . (10) Pr 6,9 . (11) Pr 7,8 . (12) Pr 10,4 . (13) Pr 11,4 .
- LXX : pneuma (geest) . Taalgebruik in de Septuaginta : pneuma (geest) . Taalgebruik in het NT : pneuma (geest) .
- Lat. spiritus . Fr. esprit . E. spirit . Ned. geest . D. Geist . Ook Fr. vent . Ned. wind .
-

- S

- hasjsjèmèsj (de zon) < prefix bepaald lidw. ha + zelfst. naamw. sjèmèsj (zon) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : sjèmèsj (zon) . Getalwaarde : sjin = 21 of 300 ; mem = 13 of 40 ; totaal : 55 (5 X 11) OF 640 (2² X 2³ X 2³ X 5²) . Structuur : 3 - 4 - 3 . Tenakh (86) . Pentateuch (19) . Eerdere Profeten (22) . Latere Profeten (3) . 12 Kleine Profeten (5) . Geschriften (37) . Pr (31) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 1,5 . (3) Pr 1,9 . (4) Pr 1,14 . (5) Pr 2,11 . (6) Pr 2,17 . (7) Pr 2,18 . (8) Pr 2,19 . (9) Pr 2,20 . (10) Pr 2,22 . (11) Pr 3,16 . (12) Pr 4,1 . (13) Pr 4,3 . (14) Pr 4,7 . (15) Pr 4,15 . (16) Pr 5,12 . (17) Pr 5,17 . (18) Pr 6,1 . (19) Pr 6,12 . (20) Pr 7,11 . (21) Pr 8,9 . (22) Pr 8,15 . (23) Pr 8,17 . (24) Pr 9,3 . (25) Pr 9,6 . (26) Pr 9,9 . (27) Pr 9,11 . (28) Pr 9,13 . (29) Pr 10,5 . (30) Pr 11,7 . (31) Pr 12,2 .
- nom. mann. enk. (h)èlios (zon) . Pr (2) : (1) Pr 1,5 . (2) Pr 12,2 . Taalgebruik in het NT : hèlios (zon) . (h)èlios (zon) . Taalgebruik in de LXX : hèlios (zon) . Taalgebruik in Lc . : lios (zon) .

  hèlios (zon)  bijbel OT Pr NT Mt Mc Lc Joh Hnd Br. Apk syn.  ev.  P.  A. b. 
1 nom. mann. enk. hèlios  73  60  2 13     
2 gen. mann. enk. hèliou   157  143  0 14     
3 dat. mann. enk. hèliô(i)  10  0              
4 acc. mann. enk. hèlion  50  46  31            
  totaal 290  257    33    12  14  14 

- Latijn . nom. mann. enk. sol , -is (zon) . Pr (2) : (1) Pr 1,5 . (2) Pr 12,2 . Fr. soleil . E. sun . D. Sonne . Arabisch : sams (zon) . Taalgebruik in de Qoran : sams (zon) .
-- thachath hasjsjèmèsj (de zon) . Tenakh = Pr (22) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 1,9 . (3) Pr 1,14 . (4) Pr 2,11 . (5) Pr 2,17 . (6) Pr 2,18 . (7) Pr 2,19 . (8) Pr 2,20 . (9) Pr 2,22 . (10) Pr 3,16 . (11) Pr 4,1 . (12) Pr 4,3 . (13) Pr 4,7 . (14) Pr 4,15 . (15) Pr 5,12 . (16) Pr 6,12 . (17) Pr 8,9 . (18) Pr 8,15 . (19) Pr 9,6 . (20) Pr 9,9 . (21) Pr 9,13 . (22) Pr 10,5 .
- Latijn . sub sole (onder de zon) . Pr (28) : (1) Pr 1,3 . (2) Pr 1,10 . (3) Pr 1,13 . (4) Pr 1,14 . (5) Pr 2,11 . (6) Pr 2,17 . (7) Pr 2,18 . (8) Pr 2,20 . (9) Pr 2,22 . (10) Pr 3,16 . (11) Pr 4,1 . (12) Pr 4,3 . (13) Pr 4,7 . (14) Pr 4,15 . (15) Pr 5,12 . (16) Pr 5,17 . (17) Pr 6,1 . (18) Pr 6,12 . (19) Pr 8,9 . (20) Pr 8,15 . (21) Pr 8,17 . (22) Pr 9,3 . (23) Pr 9,6 . (24) Pr 9,9 . (25) Pr 9,11 . (26) Pr 9,13 . (27) Pr 10,5 . (28) Pr 12,2 .

-

- T - U - V - W - X -Y - Z

- zèh (dit) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : zèh (dit) . Getalwaarde : zajin = 7 , he = 5 ; totaal : 12 (2² X 3) . Structuur : 7 - 5 . Tenach (305) . Pentateuch (87) . Eerdere Profeten (77) . Latere Profeten (37) . 12 Kleine Profeten (7) . Geschriften (97) . Pr (33) . (1) Pr 1,10 . (2) Pr 1,17 . (3) Pr 2,2 . (4) Pr 2,3 . (5) Pr 2,15 . (6) Pr 2,19 . (7) Pr 2,21 . (8) Pr 2,23 . (9) Pr 2,24 . (10) Pr 2,26 . (11) Pr 3,19 . (12) Pr 4,4 . (13) Pr 4,8 . (14) Pr 4,16 . (15) Pr 5,9 . (16) Pr 5,15 . (17) Pr 5,18 . (18) Pr 6,2. (19) Pr 6,9 . (20) Pr 7,6 . (21) Pr 7,10 . (22) Pr 7,14 . (23) Pr 7,23 . (24) Pr 7,27 . (25) Pr 7,29 . (26) Pr 8,9 . (27) Pr 8,10 . (28) Pr 8,14 . (29) Pr 9,1 . (30) Pr 9,3 . (31) Pr 9,13 . (32) Pr 11,6 . (33) Pr 12,13 .
- Grieks . aanwijz. voornaamw. houtos (deze) , hautè , touto . Taalgebruik in het NT : houtos (deze) . Taalgebruik in de Septuaginta : houtos (deze) .
- Latijn . hic - haec - hoc . Fr. ceci . Ned. deze , dat / dit . D. der - die - das . E. this - that .
- gam zèh (ook dit) . Tenakh (13) : (1) Gn 29,33 . (2) Gn 44,29 . (3) 2 S 18,26 . (4) Pr 2,19 . (5) Pr 2,21 . (6) Pr 2,23 . (7) Pr 2,26 . (8) Pr 4,4 . (9) Pr 4,8 . (10) Pr 5,9 . (11) Pr 6,9 . (12) Pr 7,14 . (13) Pr 8,10 .


-

-


- Commentaar

- naam

- Qohèlèth < q-h-l . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : q-h-l . Getalwaarde : qoph = 19 of 100 , he = 5 , lamed = 11 of 20 ; totaal : 35 (5 X 7) OF 125 (5³) . Structuur : 1 - 5 - 2 . (1) act. ind. perf. 3de pers. mann. enk. qâhal (verzamelen, zich verzamelen) . (2) zelfst. naamw. qâhâl (verzameling, vergadering, gemeente, menigte) -> verzamelaar . Naardense : Vergaarder . q-h-l : ek-klèsia < ek - kaleô : uit-roepen -> é-glise . D. Kirche N. kerk . E. church < Griekse kuriakon (het huis van de Heer) , onz. van kuriakos : tot de Heer behorend < kurios (Heer) . Grieks . ekklèsiastès . Latijn . Ecclesiastes . In navolging van Maarten Luther wordt het boek Prediker genoemd .

- plaats in de bijbel

Waar vind je het boek Prediker (Qohelet , Ecclesiastes) in de bijbel ? De Hebreeuwse bijbel heet Tenakh (beginletters van Thora / Wet , Nebhiïm / Profeten en Khetûbhim / Geschriften . De LXX (de Griekse vertaling) heeft een andere volgorde , met de Profeten op het einde . De Protestantse Bijbel neemt slechts de Hebreeuwse boeken in zijn bijbel op , maar heeft de volgorde van de LXX (zie de bijvoegsels van de Willibrordvertaling , 1995) . In de MT , na Hooglied . In de LXX en in de RK Bijbel , na Spreuken . Niet alle uitgaven van de Hebreeuwse bijbel hebben dezelfde volgorde . Zo kan een Nederlandse vertaling , zoals de Naardense , die een Heb reeuwse Bijbel volgt , verschillen van de volgorde van andere Hebreeuwse Bijbels : Hooglied (Persach) , Ruth (Sjabhû`oth) , Klaagliederen (Tisja ba´ab) , Prediker (Sûkkôth) .

- lay-out van de tekst

We bekijken de tekst . In de Naardense Bijbel wordt de tekst weergegeven zoals bij de andere boeken . In de Nieuwe Vertaling worden sommige stukken tekst als proza , andere als poëzie gegeven . In de Willibrordvertaling komen enkele gedachten voor ; de meeste tekst is proza .

- tekst en joods denken

Een kenmerk van het Joodse denken is de eenheid en de dualiteit . Uit de eenheid is de dualiteit en de veelheid voortgekomen . En die dualiteit en veelheid streeft vervolgens naar eenheid . Zo zien we in de Joodse poëzie de woorden als 2 hand in hand gaan , of het ene been na het andere zetten en zo voortgaan . Er zijn parallellen , soms iodentiek , maar toch niet identiek , omdat er een stap voorwaarts is gezet . In Pr 1,1a weten we niet wat de woorden van de Prediker zijn ; in Pr. 1,2b sluit met "zei de Prediker" aan bij het begin 'woorden van de Prediker" . Maar ondertussen kennen we die woorden : vergankelijkheid van vergankelijkheden . In Pr 2,cd komt het tot een climax . Verbinden we Pr 1,1 met Pr 1,2 zie we wat de vergankelijkheid en de vluchtigheid kan inhouden : geen koning uit het geslacht van David , geen koningschap meer in Jeruzalem en geen Jeruzalelm . De vluchtigheid ten top . En Pr 1,2d eindigt met dat toppunt : alles is vluchtigheid .

- kerngedachte

We mogen zeggen dat de term hèbhèl het kernwoord van Prediker is . De getalwaarde van hèbhèl is 37 en het komt in 37 X in Pr. voor . Maar wat zeggen de vertalingen ? Latijn : vanitas -> Fr. vanité . Statenvertaling : ijdelheid der ijdelheden . Willibrodvertaling : ijl en ijdel . Naardense bijbel : ijler dan ijl ... alles is ijlheid . Nieuwe vertaling : lucht en leegte . Uit de verschillende vertalingen blijkt hoe moeilijk de betekenis weer te geven is . De he bij het begin van het woord verwijst naar het uitademen , en die uitademing is luchtig en vluchtig . Het woord verwijst naar het vluchtige , tijdelijke , vergankelijke . Niet alleen van het individuele bestaan van de mens , van generaties , maar ook van alles wat 'bestaat' . In 2 verzen staat : 'vergankelijkheid van vergankelijkheden' : (1) Pr 1,2 . (2) Pr 12,8 . Het omkadert het boek . Pr 1,1-11 is proloog , Pr 12,8-14 is epiloog . Daartussen is de Prediker aan het woord .
- Maar er is nog meer . In 7 verzen in Prediker lezen we : hakkol hèbhèl ûrë`ûth rûach (alles is vergankelijkheid en het streven van de geest) . Tenakh (7) : (1) Pr 1,14 . (2) Pr 2,11 . (3) Pr 2,17 . (4) Pr 2,26 . (5) Pr 4,4 . (6) Pr 4,6 . (7) Pr 4,16 . Willibrordvertaling : "Het is allemaal ijdel en grijpen naar wind." Nieuwe vertaling : "dat het allemaal lucht en najagen van wind was" . Naardense Bijbel : "En zie het was alles ijdelheid en najagen van wind" . In een artikel van THomas Bolin lezen we een kritiek op dergelijke vertalingen . Ruach verwijst niet naar de wind , maar naar het levensprincipe dat God bij zijn ontstaan inblies . De LXX vertallt niet met anemos (wind) maar met pneuma (geest) . De hierboven aangehaalde uitdrukking zou een tegenstelling uitdrukken : enerzijds de vergankelijkheid van alles en anderzijds het streven van de ziel naar onvergankelijkheid , het goddelijke . In de mens komt de spanning tussen het tijdelijke en het eeuwige , het veranderlijke en het onderanderlijke , het vluchtige en het blijvende tot uiting . In zijn verghankelijkheid wordt de mens geconfronteerd met de onvergankelijkheid van God .
- Deze beide aspecten geven de kerngedachten van Pr weer . In de eerste perikope (Pr 1,2-11) komt de vergankelijkheid sterk tot uiting (zon , wind , stromen , woorden) , in de laatste perikope het einde van alles .

- Structuur

De indeling in hoofdstukken werd pas in de Middeleeuwen via de Latijnse vertaling naar de Hebreeuwse tekst ingevoerd . Er zijn 222 (6 X 37) verzen . Volgens Labuschagne ligt het midden in Pr 6,9 : ... ook dit is vergankelijkheid en streven van de geest . Volgens Ad Schippers vormt Pr 6,9 het einde van het middelste gedicht (Pr 6,3-9) . Het eerste deel van Pr telt 111 (3 X 37) verzen (Pr 1,1-6,9) , het tweede deel eveneens (Pr 6,10-12,14) . Hij deelt Pr 1,3-12,7 in in 19 perikopen : 8 gedichten en 11 prozateksten . Deel 1 bestaat uit 111 verzen . 1.1 uit 44 verzen (Pr 1,1-2) , 1.2 uit 22 verzen (Pr 3) , 1.3 uit 44 + 1 verzen . Deel 2 bestaat eveneens uit 111 verzen . We lezen de poëzietekst Pr 3,1-9 en Pr ',17-5,6 . Pr 6,10-8,17 telt 49 woorden, , Pr 9-11 (48) , Pr 12 (14) . We lezen Pr 8,1-9 , Pr 9,11-16 en Pr 11,3-12,7 .
- Labuschagne ziet Pr 1,1-11 als proloog en Pr 12,8-14 als epiloog . Samen zijn dat 17 verzen . De eigenlijke tekst bevat dan 222-17 = 205 verzen . Het midden ligt dan op vers 103 met 102 verzen voordien en 102 verzen erna . Dan ligt het centrum in Pr 6,12 en daar wordt een pertinente vraag gesteld .
- Prediker telt 12 hoofdstukken en 222 verzen . 12 X 18 = 216 (rest 6 van 222) . Proloog : Pr 1,1-2 . Epiloog : Pr 12,8-14 : 7 verzen . Samen 9 verzen .

- Tijd

- Na de Babylonische ballingschap , wellicht rond 250 v. Chr.