BIJBELBOEK EERSTE BOEK SAMUEL TWINTIGSTE HOOFDSTUK -- 1 S 20 -- 1 S 20 -- verwijzingen -
Deze websitepagina is een onderdeel van de website van Arseen De Kesel : http://www.interlevensbeschouwelijk.be/index.html.

Overzicht van 1 S : - 1 S 1 - 1 S 2 - 1 S 3 - 1 S 4 - 1 S 5 - 1 S 6 - 1 S 7 - 1 S 8 - 1 S 9 - 1 S 10 - 1 S 11 - 1 S 12 - 1 S 13 - 1 S 14 - 1 S 15 - 1 S 16 - 1 S 17 - 1 S 18 - 1 S 19 - 1 S 20 - 1 S 21 - 1 S 22 - 1 S 23 - 1 S 24 - 1 S 25 - 1 S 26 - 1 S 27 - 1 S 28 - 1 S 29 - 1 S 30 - 1 S 31 -
Tekstuitleg per pericope :
Overzicht vers per vers : - 1 S 20,1 - 1 S 20,2 - 1 S 20,3 - 1 S 20,4 - 1 S 20,5 - 1 S 20,6 - 1 S 20,7 - 1 S 20,8 - 1 S 20,9 - 1 S 20,10 - 1 S 20,11 - 1 S 20,12 - 1 S 20,13 - 1 S 20,14 - 1 S 20,15 - 1 S 20,16 - 1 S 20,17 - 1 S 20,18 - 1 S 20,19 - 1 S 20,20 - 1 S 20,21 - 1 S 20,22 - 1 S 20,23 - 1 S 20,24 - 1 S 20,25 - 1 S 20,26 - 1 S 20,27 - 1 S 20,28 - 1 S 20,29 - 1 S 20,30 - 1 S 20,31 - 1 S 20,32 - 1 S 20,33 - 1 S 20,34 - 1 S 20,35 - 1 S 20,36 - 1 S 20,37 - 1 S 20,38 - 1 S 20,39 - 1 S 20,40 - 1 S 20,41 - 1 S 20,42 -


e - bibliografie Lucasevangelie - bibliografie van het Johannesevangelie - bibliografie van het Nieuwe Testament (behalve evangeliën)
1 S 20,1 - 1 S 20,1 -
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1 S 20,2 - 1 S 20,2 -
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1 S 20,3 - 1 S 20,3 -
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1 S 20,4 - 1 S 20,4 -
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1 S 20,5 - 1 S 20,5 -
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1 S 20,6 - 1 S 20,6 -
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1 S 20,7 - 1 S 20,7 -
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1 S 20,8 - 1 S 20,8 -
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1 S 20,9 - 1 S 20,9 -
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1 S 20,10 - 1 S 20,10 -
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1 S 20,11 - 1 S 20,11 -
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1 S 20,12 - 1 S 20,12 -
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1 S 20,13 - 1 S 20,13 -
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23. ka´äsjèr (zoals) < kë + ´äsjèr (die) . Taalgebruik in Tenakh : ´äsjèr (die) . Getalwaarde van ´äsjèr (die) : aleph = 1 , sjin = 21 of 300 , resj = 20 of 200 ; totaal : 42 (2 X 3 X 7) of 501 (3 X 167) . Structuur : 1 - 3 - 2 . Tenakh (488) . Pentateuch (202) . Eerdere Profeten (68) . Latere Profeten (68) . 12 Kleine Profeten (22) . Geschriften (56) . Dt (54) . 1 S (19) : (1) 1 S 1,24 . (2) 1 S 2,16 . (3) 1 S 2,35 . (4) 1 S 4,9 . (5) 1 S 6,6 . (6) 1 S 8,1 . (7) 1 S 8,6 . (8) 1 S 12,8 . (9) 1 S 15,33 . (10) 1 S 17,20 . (11) 1 S 20,13 . (12) 1 S 23,11 . (13) 1 S 24,2 . (14) 1 S 24,5 . (15) 1 S 24,14 . (16) 1 S 26,20 . (17) 1 S 26,24 . (18) 1 S 28,17 . (19) 1 S 28,18 .

1 S 20,14 - 1 S 20,14 -
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1 S 20,15 - 1 S 20,15 -
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1 S 20,16 - 1 S 20,16 -
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1 S 20,17 - 1 S 20,17 -
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1 S 20,18 - 1 S 20,18 -
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1 S 20,19 - 1 S 20,19 -
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1 S 20,20 - 1 S 20,20 -
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1 S 20,21 - 1 S 20,21 -
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1 S 20,22 - 1 S 20,22 -
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1 S 20,23 - 1 S 20,23 -
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23 καὶ τὸ ρῆμα ὃ ἐλαλήσαμεν ἐγὼ καὶ σύ, ἰδοὺ Κύριος μάρτυς ἀνὰ μέσον ἐμοῦ καὶ σοῦ ἕως αἰῶνος. 23 de verbo autem quod locuti fuimus ego et tu sit Dominus inter me et te usque in sempiternum            

  וְהַדָּבָר--אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְנוּ, אֲנִי וָאָתָּה:  הִנֵּה יְהוָה בֵּינִי וּבֵינְךָ, עַד-עוֹלָם.  {ס}



1 S 20,24 - 1 S 20,24 -
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1 S 20,25 - 1 S 20,25 -
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1 S 20,26 - 1 S 20,26 -
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1 S 20,27 - 1 S 20,27 -
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1 S 20,28 - 1 S 20,28 -
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1 S 20,29 - 1 S 20,29 -
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1 S 20,30 - 1 S 20,30 -
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1 S 20,31 - 1 S 20,31 -
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1 S 20,32 - 1 S 20,32 -
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1 S 20,33 - 1 S 20,33 -
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1 S 20,34 - 1 S 20,34 -
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1 S 20,35 - 1 S 20,35 -
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1 S 20,36 - 1 S 20,36 -
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1 S 20,37 - 1 S 20,37 -
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1 S 20,38 - 1 S 20,38 -
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1 S 20,39 - 1 S 20,39 -
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1 S 20,40 - 1 S 20,40 -
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1 S 20,41 - 1 S 20,41 -
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1 S 20,42 - 1 S 20,42 -
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MASORETISCHE TEKST

1 Samuel Chapter 20 שְׁמוּאֵל א

א  וַיִּבְרַח דָּוִד, מנוות (מִנָּיוֹת) בָּרָמָה; וַיָּבֹא וַיֹּאמֶר לִפְנֵי יְהוֹנָתָן, מֶה עָשִׂיתִי מֶה-עֲוֺנִי וּמֶה-חַטָּאתִי לִפְנֵי אָבִיךָ--כִּי מְבַקֵּשׁ, אֶת-נַפְשִׁי. 1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan: 'What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?'
ב  וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ חָלִילָה, לֹא תָמוּת--הִנֵּה לו-עשה (לֹא-יַעֲשֶׂה) אָבִי דָּבָר גָּדוֹל אוֹ דָּבָר קָטֹן, וְלֹא יִגְלֶה אֶת-אָזְנִי; וּמַדּוּעַ יַסְתִּיר אָבִי מִמֶּנִּי אֶת-הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה, אֵין זֹאת. 2 And he said unto him: 'Far from it; thou shalt not die; behold, my father doeth nothing either great or small, but that he discloseth it unto me; and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.'
ג  וַיִּשָּׁבַע עוֹד דָּוִד, וַיֹּאמֶר יָדֹעַ יָדַע אָבִיךָ כִּי-מָצָאתִי חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ, וַיֹּאמֶר אַל-יֵדַע-זֹאת יְהוֹנָתָן, פֶּן-יֵעָצֵב; וְאוּלָם, חַי-יְהוָה וְחֵי נַפְשֶׁךָ--כִּי כְפֶשַׂע, בֵּינִי וּבֵין הַמָּוֶת. 3 And David swore moreover, and said: 'Thy father knoweth well that I have found favour in thine eyes; and he saith: Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved; but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.'
ד  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹנָתָן, אֶל-דָּוִד:  מַה-תֹּאמַר נַפְשְׁךָ, וְאֶעֱשֶׂה-לָּךְ.  {פ} 4 Then said Jonathan unto David: 'What doth thy soul desire, that I should do it for thee?' {P}
ה  וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל-יְהוֹנָתָן, הִנֵּה-חֹדֶשׁ מָחָר, וְאָנֹכִי יָשֹׁב-אֵשֵׁב עִם-הַמֶּלֶךְ, לֶאֱכוֹל; וְשִׁלַּחְתַּנִי וְנִסְתַּרְתִּי בַשָּׂדֶה, עַד הָעֶרֶב הַשְּׁלִשִׁית. 5 And David said unto Jonathan: 'Behold, to-morrow is the new moon, when I should sit with the king to eat; so let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.
ו  אִם-פָּקֹד יִפְקְדֵנִי, אָבִיךָ:  וְאָמַרְתָּ, נִשְׁאֹל נִשְׁאַל מִמֶּנִּי דָוִד לָרוּץ בֵּית-לֶחֶם עִירוֹ--כִּי זֶבַח הַיָּמִים שָׁם, לְכָל-הַמִּשְׁפָּחָה. 6 If thy father miss me at all, then say: David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Beth-lehem his city; for it is the yearly sacrifice there for all the family.
ז  אִם-כֹּה יֹאמַר טוֹב, שָׁלוֹם לְעַבְדֶּךָ; וְאִם-חָרֹה יֶחֱרֶה, לוֹ--דַּע, כִּי-כָלְתָה הָרָעָה מֵעִמּוֹ. 7 If he say thus: It is well; thy servant shall have peace; but if he be wroth, then know that evil is determined by him.
ח  וְעָשִׂיתָ חֶסֶד, עַל-עַבְדֶּךָ, כִּי בִּבְרִית יְהוָה, הֵבֵאתָ אֶת-עַבְדְּךָ עִמָּךְ; וְאִם-יֶשׁ-בִּי עָוֺן הֲמִיתֵנִי אַתָּה, וְעַד-אָבִיךָ לָמָּה-זֶּה תְבִיאֵנִי.  {פ} 8 Therefore deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee; but if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?' {P}
ט  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹנָתָן, חָלִילָה לָּךְ:  כִּי אִם-יָדֹעַ אֵדַע, כִּי-כָלְתָה הָרָעָה מֵעִם אָבִי לָבוֹא עָלֶיךָ--וְלֹא אֹתָהּ, אַגִּיד לָךְ.  {ס} 9 And Jonathan said: 'Far be it from thee; for if I should at all know that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee? {S}
י  וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד אֶל-יְהוֹנָתָן, מִי יַגִּיד לִי; אוֹ מַה-יַּעַנְךָ אָבִיךָ, קָשָׁה.  {ס} 10 Then said David to Jonathan: 'Who shall tell me if perchance thy father answer thee roughly?' {S}
יא  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹנָתָן אֶל-דָּוִד, לְכָה וְנֵצֵא הַשָּׂדֶה; וַיֵּצְאוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם, הַשָּׂדֶה.  {ס} 11 And Jonathan said unto David: 'Come and let us go out into the field.' And they went out both of them into the field. {S}
יב  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹנָתָן אֶל-דָּוִד, יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי-אֶחְקֹר אֶת-אָבִי כָּעֵת מָחָר הַשְּׁלִשִׁית, וְהִנֵּה-טוֹב, אֶל-דָּוִד--וְלֹא-אָז אֶשְׁלַח אֵלֶיךָ, וְגָלִיתִי אֶת-אָזְנֶךָ. 12 And Jonathan said unto David: 'The LORD, the God of Israel--when I have sounded my father about this time to-morrow, or the third day, behold, if there be good toward David, shall I not then send unto thee, and disclose it unto thee?
יג  כֹּה-יַעֲשֶׂה יְהוָה לִיהוֹנָתָן וְכֹה יֹסִיף, כִּי-יֵיטִב אֶל-אָבִי אֶת-הָרָעָה עָלֶיךָ--וְגָלִיתִי אֶת-אָזְנֶךָ, וְשִׁלַּחְתִּיךָ וְהָלַכְתָּ לְשָׁלוֹם; וִיהִי יְהוָה עִמָּךְ, כַּאֲשֶׁר הָיָה עִם-אָבִי. 13 The LORD do so to Jonathan, and more also, should it please my father to do thee evil, if I disclose it not unto thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace; and the LORD be with thee, as He hath been with my father.
יד  וְלֹא, אִם-עוֹדֶנִּי חָי; וְלֹא-תַעֲשֶׂה עִמָּדִי חֶסֶד יְהוָה, וְלֹא אָמוּת. 14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live show me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not;
טו  וְלֹא-תַכְרִית אֶת-חַסְדְּךָ מֵעִם בֵּיתִי, עַד-עוֹלָם; וְלֹא, בְּהַכְרִת יְהוָה אֶת-אֹיְבֵי דָוִד, אִישׁ, מֵעַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה. 15 but also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever; no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.'
טז  וַיִּכְרֹת יְהוֹנָתָן, עִם-בֵּית דָּוִד; וּבִקֵּשׁ יְהוָה, מִיַּד אֹיְבֵי דָוִד. 16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David: 'The LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies.'
יז  וַיּוֹסֶף יְהוֹנָתָן לְהַשְׁבִּיעַ אֶת-דָּוִד, בְּאַהֲבָתוֹ אֹתוֹ:  כִּי-אַהֲבַת נַפְשׁוֹ, אֲהֵבוֹ.  {ס} 17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, for the love that he had to him; for he loved him as he loved his own soul. {S}
יח  וַיֹּאמֶר-לוֹ יְהוֹנָתָן, מָחָר חֹדֶשׁ; וְנִפְקַדְתָּ, כִּי יִפָּקֵד מוֹשָׁבֶךָ. 18 And Jonathan said unto him: 'To-morrow is the new moon; and thou wilt be missed, thy seat will be empty.
יט  וְשִׁלַּשְׁתָּ, תֵּרֵד מְאֹד, וּבָאתָ אֶל-הַמָּקוֹם, אֲשֶׁר-נִסְתַּרְתָּ שָּׁם בְּיוֹם הַמַּעֲשֶׂה; וְיָשַׁבְתָּ, אֵצֶל הָאֶבֶן הָאָזֶל. 19 And in the third day thou shalt hide thyself well, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself in the day of work, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
כ  וַאֲנִי, שְׁלֹשֶׁת הַחִצִּים צִדָּה אוֹרֶה, לְשַׁלַּח-לִי, לְמַטָּרָה. 20 And I will shoot three arrows to the side-ward, as though I shot at a mark.
כא  וְהִנֵּה אֶשְׁלַח אֶת-הַנַּעַר, לֵךְ מְצָא אֶת-הַחִצִּים:  אִם-אָמֹר אֹמַר לַנַּעַר הִנֵּה הַחִצִּים מִמְּךָ וָהֵנָּה, קָחֶנּוּ וָבֹאָה כִּי-שָׁלוֹם לְךָ וְאֵין דָּבָר--חַי-יְהוָה. 21 And, behold, I will send the lad: Go, find the arrows. If I say unto the lad: Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee; take them, and come; for there is peace to thee and no hurt, as the LORD liveth.
כב  וְאִם-כֹּה אֹמַר לָעֶלֶם, הִנֵּה הַחִצִּים מִמְּךָ וָהָלְאָה--לֵךְ, כִּי שִׁלַּחֲךָ יְהוָה. 22 But if I say thus unto the boy: Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way; for the LORD hath sent thee away.
כג  וְהַדָּבָר--אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְנוּ, אֲנִי וָאָתָּה:  הִנֵּה יְהוָה בֵּינִי וּבֵינְךָ, עַד-עוֹלָם.  {ס} 23 And as touching the matter which I and thou have spoken of, behold, the LORD is between me and thee for ever.' {S}
כד  וַיִּסָּתֵר דָּוִד, בַּשָּׂדֶה; וַיְהִי הַחֹדֶשׁ, וַיֵּשֶׁב הַמֶּלֶךְ על- (אֶל-) הַלֶּחֶם לֶאֱכוֹל. 24 So David hid himself in the field; and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to the meal to eat.
כה  וַיֵּשֶׁב הַמֶּלֶךְ עַל-מוֹשָׁבוֹ כְּפַעַם בְּפַעַם, אֶל-מוֹשַׁב הַקִּיר, וַיָּקָם יְהוֹנָתָן, וַיֵּשֶׁב אַבְנֵר מִצַּד שָׁאוּל; וַיִּפָּקֵד, מְקוֹם דָּוִד. 25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon the seat by the wall; and Jonathan stood up, and Abner sat by Saul's side; but David's place was empty.
כו  וְלֹא-דִבֶּר שָׁאוּל מְאוּמָה, בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא:  כִּי אָמַר מִקְרֶה הוּא, בִּלְתִּי טָהוֹר הוּא כִּי-לֹא טָהוֹר.  {ס} 26 Nevertheless Saul spoke not any thing that day; for he thought: 'Something hath befallen him, he is unclean; surely he is not clean.' {S}
כז  וַיְהִי, מִמָּחֳרַת הַחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי, וַיִּפָּקֵד, מְקוֹם דָּוִד;  {פ}
 
וַיֹּאמֶר שָׁאוּל, אֶל-יְהוֹנָתָן בְּנוֹ, מַדּוּעַ לֹא-בָא בֶן-יִשַׁי גַּם-תְּמוֹל גַּם-הַיּוֹם, אֶל-הַלָּחֶם.
27 And it came to pass on the morrow after the new moon, which was the second day, that David's place was empty; {P}
 
and Saul said unto Jonathan his son: 'Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to the meal, neither yesterday, nor to-day?'
כח  וַיַּעַן יְהוֹנָתָן, אֶת-שָׁאוּל:  נִשְׁאֹל נִשְׁאַל דָּוִד מֵעִמָּדִי, עַד-בֵּית לָחֶם. 28 And Jonathan answered Saul: 'David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Beth-lehem;
כט  וַיֹּאמֶר שַׁלְּחֵנִי נָא כִּי זֶבַח מִשְׁפָּחָה לָנוּ בָּעִיר, וְהוּא צִוָּה-לִי אָחִי, וְעַתָּה אִם-מָצָאתִי חֵן בְּעֵינֶיךָ, אִמָּלְטָה נָּא וְאֶרְאֶה אֶת-אֶחָי; עַל-כֵּן לֹא-בָא, אֶל-שֻׁלְחַן הַמֶּלֶךְ.  {ס} 29 and he said: Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me; and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he is not come unto the king's table.' {S}
ל  וַיִּחַר-אַף שָׁאוּל, בִּיהוֹנָתָן, וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ, בֶּן-נַעֲוַת הַמַּרְדּוּת:  הֲלוֹא יָדַעְתִּי, כִּי-בֹחֵר אַתָּה לְבֶן-יִשַׁי, לְבָשְׁתְּךָ, וּלְבֹשֶׁת עֶרְוַת אִמֶּךָ. 30 Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him: 'Thou son of perverse rebellion, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own shame, and unto the shame of thy mother's nakedness?
לא  כִּי כָל-הַיָּמִים, אֲשֶׁר בֶּן-יִשַׁי חַי עַל-הָאֲדָמָה, לֹא תִכּוֹן, אַתָּה וּמַלְכוּתֶךָ; וְעַתָּה, שְׁלַח וְקַח אֹתוֹ אֵלַי--כִּי בֶן-מָוֶת, הוּא.  {ס} 31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the earth, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he deserveth to die.' {S}
לב  וַיַּעַן, יְהוֹנָתָן, אֶת-שָׁאוּל, אָבִיו; וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו לָמָּה יוּמַת, מֶה עָשָׂה. 32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him: 'Wherefore should he be put to death? what hath he done?'
לג  וַיָּטֶל שָׁאוּל אֶת-הַחֲנִית עָלָיו, לְהַכֹּתוֹ; וַיֵּדַע, יְהוֹנָתָן, כִּי-כָלָה הִיא מֵעִם אָבִיו, לְהָמִית אֶת-דָּוִד.  {ס} 33 And Saul cast his spear at him to smite him; whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to put David to death. {S}
לד  וַיָּקָם יְהוֹנָתָן מֵעִם הַשֻּׁלְחָן, בָּחֳרִי-אָף; וְלֹא-אָכַל בְּיוֹם-הַחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי, לֶחֶם--כִּי נֶעְצַב אֶל-דָּוִד, כִּי הִכְלִמוֹ אָבִיו.  {ס} 34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no food the second day of the month; for he was grieved for David, and because his father had put him to shame. {S}
לה  וַיְהִי בַבֹּקֶר, וַיֵּצֵא יְהוֹנָתָן הַשָּׂדֶה לְמוֹעֵד דָּוִד; וְנַעַר קָטֹן, עִמּוֹ. 35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him.
לו  וַיֹּאמֶר לְנַעֲרוֹ--רֻץ מְצָא נָא אֶת-הַחִצִּים, אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מוֹרֶה; הַנַּעַר רָץ, וְהוּא-יָרָה הַחֵצִי לְהַעֲבִרוֹ. 36 And he said unto his lad: 'Run, find now the arrows which I shoot.' And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him.
לז  וַיָּבֹא הַנַּעַר עַד-מְקוֹם הַחֵצִי, אֲשֶׁר יָרָה יְהוֹנָתָן; וַיִּקְרָא יְהוֹנָתָן אַחֲרֵי הַנַּעַר, וַיֹּאמֶר, הֲלוֹא הַחֵצִי, מִמְּךָ וָהָלְאָה. 37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said: 'Is not the arrow beyond thee?'
לח  וַיִּקְרָא יְהוֹנָתָן אַחֲרֵי הַנַּעַר, מְהֵרָה חוּשָׁה אַל-תַּעֲמֹד; וַיְלַקֵּט נַעַר יְהוֹנָתָן, אֶת-החצי (הַחִצִּים), וַיָּבֹא, אֶל-אֲדֹנָיו. 38 And Jonathan cried after the lad: 'Make speed, hasten, stay not.' And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master.
לט  וְהַנַּעַר, לֹא-יָדַע מְאוּמָה; אַךְ יְהוֹנָתָן וְדָוִד, יָדְעוּ אֶת-הַדָּבָר.  {ס} 39 But the lad knew not any thing; only Jonathan and David knew the matter. {S}
מ  וַיִּתֵּן יְהוֹנָתָן אֶת-כֵּלָיו, אֶל-הַנַּעַר אֲשֶׁר-לוֹ; וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ, לֵךְ הָבֵיא הָעִיר. 40 And Jonathan gave his weapons unto his lad, and said unto him: 'Go, carry them to the city.'
מא  הַנַּעַר, בָּא, וְדָוִד קָם מֵאֵצֶל הַנֶּגֶב, וַיִּפֹּל לְאַפָּיו אַרְצָה וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים; וַיִּשְּׁקוּ אִישׁ אֶת-רֵעֵהוּ, וַיִּבְכּוּ אִישׁ אֶת-רֵעֵהוּ, עַד-דָּוִד, הִגְדִּיל. 41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the South, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed down three times; and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.
מב  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹנָתָן לְדָוִד, לֵךְ לְשָׁלוֹם:  אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּעְנוּ שְׁנֵינוּ אֲנַחְנוּ, בְּשֵׁם יְהוָה לֵאמֹר, יְהוָה יִהְיֶה בֵּינִי וּבֵינֶךָ וּבֵין זַרְעִי וּבֵין זַרְעֲךָ, עַד-עוֹלָם.  {פ} 42 And Jonathan said to David: 'Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying: The LORD shall be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed, for ever.' {P}

SEPTUAGINTA (LXX)

ΚΑΙ ἀπέδρα Δαυὶδ ἐκ Ναυὰθ ἐν Ραμὰ καὶ ἔρχεται ἐνώπιον ᾿Ιωνάθαν καὶ εἶπε· τί πεποίηκα καὶ τί τὸ ἀδίκημά μου καὶ τί ἡμάρτηκα ἐνώπιον τοῦ πατρός σου, ὅτι ἐπιζητεῖ τὴν ψυχήν μου; 2 καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ ᾿Ιωνάθαν· μηδαμῶς σοι, οὐ μὴ ἀποθάνῃς· ἰδοὺ οὐ μὴ ποιήσει ὁ πατήρ μου ρῆμα μέγα ἢ μικρὸν καὶ οὐκ ἀποκαλύψει τὸ ὠτίον μου· καὶ τί ὅτι κρύψει ὁ πατήρ μου ἀπ᾿ ἐμοῦ τὸ ρῆμα τοῦτο; οὐκ ἔστι τοῦτο. 3 καὶ ἀπεκρίθη Δαυὶδ τῷ ᾿Ιωνάθαν καὶ εἶπε· γινώσκων οἶδεν ὁ πατήρ σου ὅτι εὕρηκα χάριν ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς σου, καὶ εἶπε· μὴ γνώτω τοῦτο ᾿Ιωνάθαν, μὴ οὐ βούληται· ἀλλὰ ζῇ Κύριος καὶ ζῇ ἡ ψυχή σου, ὅτι, καθὼς εἶπον, ἐμπέπλησται ἀνὰ μέσον ἐμοῦ καὶ τοῦ θανάτου. 4 καὶ εἶπεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν πρὸς Δαυίδ· τὶ ἐπιθυμεῖ ἡ ψυχή σου καὶ τί ποιήσω σοι; 5 καὶ εἶπε Δαυὶδ πρὸς ᾿Ιωνάθαν· ἰδοὺ δὴ νεομηνία αὔριον, καὶ ἐγὼ καθίσας οὐ καθήσομαι φαγεῖν, καὶ ἐξαποστελεῖς με, καὶ κρυβήσομαι ἐν τῷ πεδίῳ ἕως δείλης. 6 καὶ ἐὰν ἐπισκεπτόμενος ἐπισκέψηταί με ὁ πατὴρ σου, καὶ ἐρεῖς· παραιτούμενος παρῃτήσατο ἀπ᾿ ἐμοῦ Δαυὶδ δραμεῖν ἕως εἰς Βηθλεὲμ τὴν πόλιν αὐτοῦ, ὅτι θυσία τῶν ἡμερῶν ἐκεῖ ὅλῃ τῇ φυλῇ. 7 ἐὰν τάδε εἴπῃ· ἀγαθῶς, εἰρήνη τῷ δούλῳ σου· καὶ ἐὰν σκληρῶς ἀποκριθῇ σοι, γνῶθι ὅτι συντετέλεσται ἡ κακία παρ᾿ αὐτοῦ. 8 καὶ ποιήσεις ἔλεος μετὰ τοῦ δούλου σου, ὅτι εἰσήγαγες εἰς διαθήκην Κυρίου τὸν δοῦλόν σου μετὰ σεαυτοῦ· καὶ εἰ ἔστιν ἀδικία ἐν τῷ δούλῳ σου, θανάτωσόν με σύ, καὶ ἕως τοῦ πατρός σου ἱνατί οὕτως εἰσάγεις με; 9 καὶ εἶπεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν· μηδαμῶς σοι, ὅτι ἐὰν γινώσκων γνῶ ὅτι συντετέλεσται ἡ κακία παρὰ τοῦ πατρός μου τοῦ ἐλθεῖν ἐπὶ σέ, καὶ ἐὰν μὴ ᾖ εἰς τὰς πόλεις σου, ἐγὼ ἀπαγγελῶ σοι. 10 καὶ εἶπε Δαυὶδ πρὸς ᾿Ιωνάθαν· τίς ἀπαγγείλῃ μοι, ἐὰν ἀποκριθῇ ὁ πατήρ σου σκληρῶς; 11 καὶ εἶπεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν πρὸς Δαυίδ· πορεύου καὶ μένε εἰς ἀγρόν. καὶ ἐκπορεύονται ἀμφότεροι εἰς ἀγρόν. 12 καὶ εἶπεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν πρὸς Δαυίδ· Κύριος ὁ Θεὸς ᾿Ισραὴλ εἶδεν, ὅτι ἀνακρινῶ τὸν πατέρα μου ὡς ἂν ὁ καιρὸς τρισσῶς, καὶ ἰδοὺ ἀγαθὸν ᾖ περὶ Δαυίδ, καὶ οὐ μὴ ἀποστείλω πρός σε εἰς ἀγρόν· 13 τάδε ποιήσαι ὁ Θεὸς τῷ ᾿Ιωνάθαν καὶ τάδε προσθείη, ὅτι ἀνοίσω τὰ κακὰ ἐπὶ σὲ καὶ ἀποκαλύψω τὸ ὠτίον σου καὶ ἐξαποστελῶ σε καὶ ἀπελεύσῃ εἰς εἰρήνην· καὶ ἔσται Κύριος μετὰ σοῦ, καθὼς ἦν μετὰ τοῦ πατρός μου. 14 καὶ ἐὰν μὲν ἔτι μου ζῶντος καὶ ποιήσεις ἔλεος μετ᾿ ἐμοῦ, καὶ ἐὰν θανάτῳ ἀποθάνω, 15 οὐκ ἐξαρεῖς ἔλεός σου ἀπὸ τοῦ οἴκου μου ἕως τοῦ αἰῶνος· καὶ εἰ μή, ἐν τῷ ἐξαίρειν Κύριον τοὺς ἐχθροὺς Δαυὶδ ἕκαστον ἀπὸ τοῦ προσώπου τῆς γῆς εὑρεθῆναι τὸ ὄνομα τοῦ ᾿Ιωνάθαν ἀπὸ τοῦ οἴκου Δαυίδ, καὶ ἐκζητῆσαι Κύριος ἐχθροὺς τοῦ Δαυίδ. 17 καὶ προσέθετο ἔτι ᾿Ιωνάθαν ὀμόσαι τῷ Δαυίδ, ὅτι ἠγάπησε ψυχὴν ἀγαπῶντος αὐτόν. 18 καὶ εἶπεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν· αὔριον νεομηνία, καὶ ἐπισκεπήσῃ, ὅτι ἐπισκεπήσεται καθέδρα σου. 19 καὶ τρισσεύσεις καὶ ἐπισκέψῃ καὶ ἥξεις εἰς τὸν τόπον σου, οὗ κρυβῇς ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἐργασίμῃ, καὶ καθήσῃ παρὰ τὸ ἐργὰβ ἐκεῖνο. 20 καὶ ἐγὼ τρισσεύσω ταῖς σχίζαις ἀκοντίζων, ἐκπέμπων εἰς τὴν ἀματταρί. 21 καὶ ἰδοὺ ἀποστέλλω τὸ παιδάριον λέγων· δεῦρο εὑρέ μοι τὴν σχίζαν· 22 ἐὰν εἴπω λέγων τῷ παιδαρίῳ· ὧδε ἡ σχίζα ἀπὸ σοῦ καὶ ὧδε, λάβε αὐτήν, παραγίνου, ὅτι εἰρήνη σοι, καὶ οὐκ ἔστι λόγος, ζῇ Κύριος· ἐὰν τάδε εἴπω τῷ νεανίσκῳ· ὧδε ἡ σχίζα ἀπὸ σοῦ καὶ ἐπέκεινα, πορεύου ὅτι ἐξαπέσταλκέ σε Κύριος. 23 καὶ τὸ ρῆμα ὃ ἐλαλήσαμεν ἐγὼ καὶ σύ, ἰδοὺ Κύριος μάρτυς ἀνὰ μέσον ἐμοῦ καὶ σοῦ ἕως αἰῶνος. 24 Καὶ κρύπτεται Δαυὶδ ἐν ἀγρῷ, καὶ παραγίνεται ὁ μήν, καὶ ἔρχεται ὁ βασιλεὺς ἐπὶ τὴν τράπεζαν τοῦ φαγεῖν. 25 καὶ ἐκάθισεν ἐπὶ τὴν καθέδραν αὐτοῦ ὡς ἅπαξ καὶ ἅπαξ, ἐπὶ τῆς καθέδρας παρὰ τοῖχον, καὶ προέφθασε τὸν ᾿Ιωνάθαν, καὶ ἐκάθισεν ᾿Αβεννὴρ ἐκ πλαγίων Σαούλ, καὶ ἐπεσκέπη ὁ τόπος Δαυίδ. 26 καὶ οὐκ ἐλάλησε Σαοὺλ ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ, ὅτι εἴρηκε· σύμπτωμα φαίνεται μὴ καθαρὸς εἶναι, ὅτι οὐ κεκαθάρισται. 27 καὶ ἐγενήθη τῇ ἐπαύριον τοῦ μηνὸς τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ δευτέρᾳ καὶ ἐπεσκέπη ὁ τόπος τοῦ Δαυίδ, καὶ εἶπε Σαοὺλ πρὸς ᾿Ιωνάθαν τὸν υἱὸν αὐτοῦ· τί ὅτι οὐ παραγέγονεν ὁ υἱὸς ᾿Ιεσσαὶ καὶ ἐχθὲς καὶ σήμερον ἐπὶ τὴν τράπεζαν; 28 καὶ ἀπεκρίθη ᾿Ιωνάθαν τῷ Σαοὺλ καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ· παρῄτηται παρ᾿ ἐμοῦ Δαυὶδ ἕως εἰς Βηθλεὲμ τὴν πόλιν αὐτοῦ πορευθῆναι. 29 καὶ εἶπεν· ἐξαπόστειλον δή με, ὅτι θυσία τῆς φυλῆς ἡμῖν ἐν τῇ πόλει, καὶ ἐνετείλαντο πρός με οἱ ἀδελφοί μου, καὶ νῦν εἰ εὕρηκα χάριν ἐν ὀφθαλμοῖς σου, διαβήσομαι δὴ καὶ ὄψομαι τοὺς ἀδελφούς μου· διὰ τοῦτο οὐ παραγέγονεν ἐπὶ τὴν τράπεζαν τοῦ βασιλέως. 30 καὶ ἐθυμώθη ὀργῇ Σαοὺλ ἐπὶ ᾿Ιωνάθαν σφόδρα καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ· υἱὲ κορασίων αὐτομολούντων, οὐ γὰρ οἶδα ὅτι μέτοχος εἶ σὺ τῷ υἱῷ ᾿Ιεσσαὶ εἰς αἰσχύνην σου καὶ εἰς αἰσχύνην ἀποκαλύψεως μητρός σου; 31 ὅτι πάσας τὰς ἡμέρας, ἃς ὁ υἱὸς ᾿Ιεσσαὶ ζῇ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, οὐχ ἑτοιμασθήσεται ἡ βασιλεία σου· νῦν οὖν ἀποστείλας λάβε τὸν νεανίαν, ὅτι υἱὸς θανάτου οὗτος. 32 καὶ ἀπεκρίθη ᾿Ιωνάθαν τῷ Σαούλ· ἱνατί ἀποθνήσκει; τί πεποίηκε; 33 καὶ ἐπῇρε Σαοὺλ τὸ δόρυ ἐπὶ ᾿Ιωνάθαν τοῦ θανατῶσαι αὐτόν. καὶ ἔγνω ᾿Ιωνάθαν ὅτι συντετέλεσται ἡ κακία αὕτη παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς αὐτοῦ θανατῶσαι τὸν Δαυίδ, 34 καὶ ἀνεπήδησεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν ἀπὸ τῆς τραπέζης ἐν ὀργῇ θυμοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἔφαγεν ἐν τῇ δευτέρᾳ τοῦ μηνὸς ἄρτον, ὅτι ἐθραύσθη ἐπὶ τὸν Δαυίδ, ὅτι συνετέλεσεν ἐπ᾿ αὐτὸν ὁ πατὴρ αὐτοῦ. 35 Καὶ ἐγενήθη πρωΐ καὶ ἐξῆλθεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν εἰς ἀγρόν, καθὼς ἐτάξατο εἰς τὸ μαρτύριον Δαυίδ, καὶ παιδάριον μικρὸν μετ᾿ αὐτοῦ. 36 καὶ εἶπε τῷ παιδαρίῳ· δράμε, εὑρέ μοι τὰς σχίζας, ἐν αἷς ἐγὼ ἀκοντίζω. καὶ τὸ παιδάριον ἔδραμε, καὶ αὐτὸς ἠκόντιζε τῇ σχίζῃ καὶ παρήγαγεν αὐτήν. 37 καὶ ἦλθε τὸ παιδάριον ἕως τοῦ τόπου τῆς σχίζης, οὗ ἠκόντιζεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν, καὶ ἀνεβόησεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν ὀπίσω τοῦ νεανίου καὶ εἶπεν· ἐκεῖ ἡ σχίζα ἀπὸ σοῦ καὶ ἐπέκεινα· 38 καὶ ἀνεβόησεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν ὀπίσω τοῦ παιδαρίου αὐτοῦ λέγων· ταχύνας σπεῦσον καὶ μὴ στῇς. καὶ ἀνέλεξε τὸ παιδάριον ᾿Ιωνάθαν τὰς σχίζας καὶ ἤνεγκε τὰς σχίζας πρὸς τὸν κύριον αὐτοῦ. 39 καὶ τὸ παιδάριον οὐκ ἔγνω οὐθέν, πάρεξ ᾿Ιωνάθαν καὶ Δαυὶδ ἔγνωσαν τὸ ρῆμα. 40 καὶ ᾿Ιωνάθαν ἔδωκε τὰ σκεύη αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τὸ παιδάριον αὐτοῦ καὶ εἶπε τῷ παιδαρίῳ αὐτοῦ· πορεύου, εἴσελθε εἰς τὴν πόλιν. 41 καὶ ὡς εἰσῆλθε τὸ παιδάριον, καὶ Δαυὶδ ἀνέστη ἀπὸ τοῦ ἐργὰβ καὶ ἔπεσεν ἐπὶ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ καὶ προσεκύνησεν αὐτῷ τρίς, καὶ κατεφίλησεν ἕκαστος τὸν πλησίον αὐτοῦ, καὶ ἔκλαυσεν ἕκαστος τῷ πλησίον αὐτοῦ ἕως συντελείας μεγάλης. 42 καὶ εἶπεν ᾿Ιωνάθαν τῷ Δαυίδ· πορεύου εἰς εἰρήνην, καὶ ὡς ὀμωμόκαμεν ἡμεῖς ἀμφότεροι ἐν ὀνόματι Κυρίου λέγοντες· Κύριος ἔσται μάρτυς ἀνὰ μέσον ἐμοῦ καί σοῦ καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ σπέρματός μου καὶ ἀνὰ μέσον τοῦ σπέρματός σου ἕως αἰῶνος.


VULGAAT

20. 1 fugit autem David de Nahioth quae erat in Rama veniensque locutus est coram Ionathan quid feci quae est iniquitas mea et quod peccatum meum in patrem tuum quia quaerit animam meam 2 qui dixit ei absit non morieris neque enim faciet pater meus quicquam grande vel parvum nisi prius indicaverit mihi hunc ergo celavit me pater meus sermonem tantummodo nequaquam erit istud 3 et iuravit rursum David et ille ait scit profecto pater tuus quia inveni gratiam in oculis tuis et dicet nesciat hoc Ionathan ne forte tristetur quinimmo vivit Dominus et vivit anima tua quia uno tantum ut ita dicam gradu ego morsque dividimur 4 et ait Ionathan ad David quodcumque dixerit mihi anima tua faciam tibi 5 dixit autem David ad Ionathan ecce kalendae sunt crastino et ego ex more sedere soleo iuxta regem ad vescendum dimitte ergo me ut abscondar in agro usque ad vesperam diei tertiae 6 si requisierit me pater tuus respondebis ei rogavit me David ut iret celeriter in Bethleem civitatem suam quia victimae sollemnes ibi sunt universis contribulibus eius 7 si dixerit bene pax erit servo tuo si autem fuerit iratus scito quia conpleta est malitia eius 8 fac ergo misericordiam in servum tuum quia foedus Domini me famulum tuum tecum inire fecisti si autem est in me aliqua iniquitas tu me interfice et ad patrem tuum ne introducas me 9 et ait Ionathan absit hoc a te neque enim fieri potest ut si certo cognovero conpletam patris mei esse malitiam contra te non adnuntiem tibi 10 responditque David ad Ionathan quis nuntiabit mihi si quid forte responderit tibi pater tuus dure 11 et ait Ionathan ad David veni egrediamur in agrum cumque exissent ambo in agrum 12 ait Ionathan ad David Domine Deus Israhel si investigavero sententiam patris mei crastino vel perendie et aliquid boni fuerit super David et non statim misero ad te et notum tibi fecero 13 haec faciat Dominus Ionathan et haec augeat si autem perseveraverit patris mei malitia adversum te revelabo aurem tuam et dimittam te ut vadas in pace et sit Dominus tecum sicut fuit cum patre meo 14 et si vixero facies mihi misericordiam Domini si vero mortuus fuero 15 non auferas misericordiam tuam a domo mea usque in sempiternum quando eradicaverit Dominus inimicos David unumquemque de terra 16 pepigit ergo foedus Ionathan cum domo David et requisivit Dominus de manu inimicorum David 17 et addidit Ionathan deierare David eo quod diligeret illum sicut animam enim suam ita diligebat eum 18 dixitque ad eum Ionathan cras kalendae sunt et requireris 19 requiretur enim sessio tua usque perendie descendes ergo festinus et venies in locum ubi celandus es in die qua operari licet et sedebis iuxta lapidem cui est nomen Ezel 20 et ego tres sagittas mittam iuxta eum et iaciam quasi exercens me ad signum 21 mittam quoque et puerum dicens ei vade et adfer mihi sagittas 22 si dixero puero ecce sagittae intra te sunt tolle eas tu veni ad me quia pax tibi est et nihil est mali vivit Dominus si autem sic locutus fuero puero ecce sagittae ultra te sunt vade quia dimisit te Dominus 23 de verbo autem quod locuti fuimus ego et tu sit Dominus inter me et te usque in sempiternum 24 absconditus est ergo David in agro et venerunt kalendae et sedit rex ad comedendum panem 25 cumque sedisset rex super cathedram suam secundum consuetudinem quae erat iuxta parietem surrexit Ionathan et sedit Abner ex latere Saul vacuusque apparuit locus David 26 et non est locutus Saul quicquam in die illa cogitabat enim quod forte evenisset ei ut non esset mundus nec purificatus 27 cumque inluxisset dies secunda post kalendas rursum vacuus apparuit locus David dixitque Saul ad Ionathan filium suum cur non venit filius Isai nec heri nec hodie ad vescendum 28 et respondit Ionathan Sauli rogavit me obnixe ut iret in Bethleem 29 et ait dimitte me quoniam sacrificium sollemne est in civitate unus de fratribus meis accersivit me nunc ergo si inveni gratiam in oculis tuis vadam cito et videbo fratres meos ob hanc causam non venit ad mensam regis 30 iratus autem Saul adversus Ionathan dixit ei fili mulieris virum ultro rapientis numquid ignoro quia diligis filium Isai in confusionem tuam et in confusionem ignominiosae matris tuae 31 omnibus enim diebus quibus filius Isai vixerit super terram non stabilieris tu neque regnum tuum itaque iam nunc mitte et adduc eum ad me quia filius mortis est 32 respondens autem Ionathan Sauli patri suo ait quare moritur quid fecit 33 et arripuit Saul lanceam ut percuteret eum et intellexit Ionathan quod definitum esset patri suo ut interficeret David 34 surrexit ergo Ionathan a mensa in ira furoris et non comedit in die kalendarum secunda panem contristatus est enim super David eo quod confudisset eum pater suus 35 cumque inluxisset mane venit Ionathan in agrum iuxta placitum David et puer parvulus cum eo 36 et ait ad puerum suum vade et adfer mihi sagittas quas ego iacio cumque puer cucurrisset iecit aliam sagittam trans puerum 37 venit itaque puer ad locum iaculi quod miserat Ionathan et clamavit Ionathan post tergum pueri et ait ecce ibi est sagitta porro ultra te 38 clamavitque Ionathan post tergum pueri festina velociter ne steteris collegit autem puer Ionathae sagittas et adtulit ad dominum suum 39 et quid ageretur penitus ignorabat tantummodo enim Ionathan et David rem noverant 40 dedit igitur Ionathan arma sua puero et dixit ei vade defer in civitatem 41 cumque abisset puer surrexit David de loco qui vergebat ad austrum et cadens pronus in terram adoravit tertio et osculantes alterutrum fleverunt pariter David autem amplius 42 dixit ergo Ionathan ad David vade in pace quaecumque iuravimus ambo in nomine Domini dicentes Dominus sit inter me et te et inter semen meum et semen tuum usque in sempiternum 43 et surrexit et abiit sed et Ionathan ingressus est civitatem